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ALLEN.CQUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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5ENEALOGY 
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THE 



DEDHAM 



HISTORICAL REGISTER 



VOLUME XIV. 



I9O3, 




DEDHAM, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY. 
I9O3. 



Dedham Transcript Press, 



679957 

CONTENTS. 



VIEW NEAR THE ELDER'S CAUSEWAY 1 



18tll MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN 

the reb KLLION Amasa Guild. 2, 48, 75, 108 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF NEEDIIAM. 

George K. Clarke. 11, 55, 94, 121 

ALD1S FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. 

Frederick H. Whitin. 18, 60, 87, 119 
schools and teachers of dedham Carlo* Slofter. 24, 65, 83, 127 

RALPH SHEPARD AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 

Mrs. A lice T. Brockway. 27 

DEATHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON). 

William H. Mann. 32, 67, 100, 118 
diary of dr. Nathaniel ames Edna F. Colder. 35, 71, 99, 129 



GENEALOGY OF THE CHANDLER FAMILY. 

Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 36, 102 

wellesley George K. Clarke. 37 

DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795 39 

DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1817 73 

mendon massacre monument John E. Alden. 103 

NEEDHAM BRANCH, TOLMAN FAMILY. Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 125 



QUERIES. 

1. Chandler 38 

2. Haynes 38 

3. Jackson-Bond 38 

4. Chamberlain 38 

5. Partridge 38 

6. Lewis 38 

7. Pidge 72 

8. Whiting 102 

9. Smith 130 




PVBLISHED BYTttE 

DEDHAM HISTORICAL .SOCIETY 

PEDMAM, MA5SACHVSETTS.. * 



Publishing Committee, 

DON GLEASON HILL, 

JOHN H. BURDAKIN, JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 

Business Manager, . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR JANUARY, 1903. 

ILLUSTRATION. 

Heliotype view, Bates Street, about 1895. .... 1 

VIEW NEAR THE ELDER'S CAUSEWAY. ... 1 

18th MASS. REG'T. VOL. INFANTRY IN THE 

REBELLION. (To be continued.) . Amasa Guild. 2 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, NEEDHAM, ... 11 

{To be continued.) George K. Clarke. 
ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. (To be continued.) 18 

Frederick H. Whitin. 
SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To be continued.) 24 

Carlos Slafter. 
RALPH SHEPARD AND DESCENDANTS. ... 27 

Mrs. Alice T. Brockway. 
STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) DEATHS. (To be continued.) 32 

William B. Mann. 
THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. {To be continued.) ... 35 

Edna F. Colder. 
THE CHANDLER FAMILY. (Concluded.) .... 36 

Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 
WELLESLEY George K. Clarke. 37 

Queries: 1, Chandler; 2, Haynes; 3, Jackson-Bond; 

4, Chamberlain; 5, Partridge; 6, Lewis. ... 38 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 



Printed at the office of the Dedhara Transcript. 



Entered at the Post Office, Dedham, Mass., as second-class mail matter. 



The Dedham Historical Register. 



Vol. XIV. January, 1903. No. 1. 



VIEW NEAR THE ELDERS CAUSEWAY. 

ON one of the by-ways of Dedham, Bates Street, only 
^ a short distance from Highland Street, a few years 
ago, could be seen the view accompanying this number 
of the Register. It is typical of what may be noticed on 
some of the old and crooked roads of the town, not yet 
invaded by the unsightly poles of the telegraph and tele- 
phone companies. It is so suggestive that it seems 
worth while to preserve it here. 

Highland Street was once a part of the post road from 
Boston to Providence ; and near the close of the Revolu- 
tionary War the French troops passed over it to 
reach their camp in Dedham, which was situated not far 
from the junction of School and Court Streets. In the 
early days of the town Highland Street was called the 
" Waye through ye Swamp," and sometimes " Elder's 
Lane." Between this way and the old burying ground 
lay a large triangular piece of land, running from the 
present Court Street to the meadow, granted to Richard 
Barber, one of the settlers of the town. Bates Street runs 
across this land near the meadow. 

After passing to the right, as indicated at the back- 
ground of the view, on the slope of the new part of the 
old burying place may be seen the monument erected 
by the Commonwealth in memory of her soldiers, who 
had been sent from the battlefields of the Rebellion to 
the hospital at Readville where they died. 

The photograph, which the accompanying heliotype follows, was 
taken about the year 1895, by Mr. Jonathan F. Guild, by whose kind per- 
mission the view is here reproduced. 



2 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS BEGIMENT [Jan. 

THE EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT 
VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN THE REBELLION, 

Together with some Personal Reminiscences. 

By Lieut. Amasa Guild, of Company F 

( Continued from Vol. XIII. page 105.) 

The drilling- of the Company took place principally 
on the Common at the Upper Village, sometimes at the 
Fair Grounds, and in rainy weather in Agricultural Hall, 
where we made headquarters. The hall was a very large 
barn-like structure, built for and belonging to the Norfolk 
Agricultural Society, located on their grounds on Com- 
mon Street, facing the Common. It was erected about 
the year 1850, and was destroyed by fire sometime in the 
seventies. 

The members of the Company and the townspeople 
were very much interested in the Company's success. I 
recall one incident showing how intense, at that time, was 
the feeling which countenanced nothing that was not for 
the best interest of the country and military descipline of 
our new recruits. This was before we had our new uni- 
form, and before the Company was actually organized. 
While drilling one day it began to sprinkle, and one of 
the men, a barber who worked for Amory Fisher, and was 
quite a slick looking chap, put up his umbrella which he 
happened to have with him. A murmer of disapproval 
ran through the ranks, and he was ordered by Captain 
Onion to put it down or leave ; he chose the latter alter- 
native and dropped out amid the jeers of the men. The 
story went about town, creating much comment, and he 
was "hung in effigy" on one of the button-wood trees in 
front of Jerry Shuttleworth's, now the site of the Histori- 
cal Building, with a large placard attached, reading, " The 
man with the umbrella." This was too much for the 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 3 

" barber dude," so he left town. I dare say the young man 
went to war in some other regiment, and very likely made 
a good soldier. 

We finally got our uniform, which was gray, with a 
fine blue cord for trimming. It looked very well, but 
when we went into camp it was discarded for the regula- 
tion blue. We never could have worn it anyway, as gray 
and butternut was the uniform adopted by the rebels, and 
it would have placed us, later on, in rather a disagreeable 
position to have been taken for the enemy at any time 
and to have been fired upon by our own friends. The 
muskets they procured for us were such as were used in 
the War of 1812, smooth bore, flint-locks changed into 
percussion ; the bayonet was simply held in place when 
affixed to the musket by a simple shoulder, in the old- 
fashioned way ; a good swordsman could easily knock it 
off when attacked. 

Our first drilling in the manual of arms was in the 
old Scott's tactics, in which, in "shoulder arms," the 
musket was held in the left hand by the butt, not a steady 
or easy way of holding it ; later on Casey's tactics were 
adopted, in which there were many changes. In this 
particular, instead of "shoulder arms" it was " carry arms," 
the musket being carried by the hammer and guard in 
the right hand. 

A grand ball was given one evening for our enter- 
tainment by the friends of the Company in the upper hall 
of the Agricultural building, and most of the towns-people 
were present. The Company gave an exhibition drill, 
and then came dancing and refreshments. Occasionally 
we would march through the streets of the town attract- 
ing much attention, especially from the small boys, who 
had their own rival company, and would try to hitch on 
behind. One day we skirmished down Church Street, 
and throwing out flankers, captured Franklin Square, 
and would have held it but we had to go home to dinner. 



4 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Jan. 

The people of South Dedham (now Norwood) must 
of course have us up there for a good time, as many of 
the Company came from that part of the town. So a 
day was set, and we went. We were met on the outskirts 
of the village by a procession of firemen and citizens with 
a band to escort us into town, where we had a rousing 
reception with the booming of cannon, etc. While march- 
ing through the streets, the gun, which was being fired 
on the other side of the railroad, prematurely exploded, 
blowing off a man's hands, and this accident rather put a 
damper on the festivities for the day. A patriotic meet- 
ing, however, was held in the large hall, and a contribu- 
tion was taken up for the injured man's family. 

Late in June, after a long delay and many conflicting 
rumors, a General Order from the Adjutant General's 
office at the State House, finally assigned us to the 18th 
Mass. Vol. Infantry, and we were designated as Company 
" F." The other companies were to be from Wrentham, 
Taunton, Middleboro, Plymouth, Duxbury, Bridgewater 
and Hanover. About this time Co. " I," the Wrentham 
company, joined us in camp at Agricultural Hall ; its 
Captain was F. D. Forrest, who remained with the regi- 
ment but a short time, having resigned and left us at 
Hall's Hill, Va. Its First Lieutenant, A. E. Hall, served 
about a year and resigned. Its Second Lieutenant, Samuel 
H. Bugbee, after a service of a little over a year, also re- 
signed. There were some of the sergeants whom I recall, 
who were fine men and good soldiers, Hemenway, who 
became Captain; Sturdy and Alderman, who became 
First Lieutenants ; all three are still living ; the latter was 
a fine singer and was leader of the glee club. Co's 
" I " and " F " having come together previous to the other 
companies of the regiment, there was a particular- 
ly friendly feeling between us which lasted through the 
war. 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 5 

While at the Hall we slept on straw mattresses with 
blankets for cover, and all our cooking was done there ; 
guards were placed only at night. On July 6th we were 
ordered into camp at Readville, and a detail from our 
company under Sergeant Galucia was sent to pitch the 
tents of Co's B, D, F and I, the camp having previously 
been selected and laid out by an officer from the Adjutant 
General's headquarters, and Lieut. Carroll of our com- 
pany ; so Co. " F " was the first company, and the i8th the 
first regiment to establish a camp on that field, at which 
place so many other regiments of the State afterwards 
assembled previous to being sent to the front. This 
camp was held by the State until after the close of the 
war, and was named " Camp Brigham." Two days later, 
on July 8, our company, with the Wrentham company, left 
Agricultural Hall, escorted by a procession composed of 
the fire department and citizens, headed by the Dedham 
Brass Band, for Readville, where we found our quarters 
ready for us. Each company had its own street, with 
tents on either side, Company " F " having the right of 
the line facing the parade, with a beautiful view of Blue 
Hill for a background. In a few days the other companies, 
B, D, E, G, H and K, all arrived, and their positions were 
assigned. This made up eight companies, " A" and " C" 
not joining the regiment until some time after, while we 
were in camp at Hall's Hill, Va. Capt. Onion, temporarily, 
had command of the regiment while in process of 
organization. 

Our tents had wooden floors, and we had straw mat- 
tresses to sleep on with a blanket for cover ; each company 
had its own detail of cooks and we were supplied with 
soft bread, the cooks attending to the meats and coffee. 
The coffee was made in large iron kettles and was not 
always a success; it had a sort of bluish color, and did not 
look inviting, but we had to drink something. I remem- 
ber that it was generally called, throughout the regiment, 



6 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Jan. 

" blue ruin," and when the cooks took exceptions to that, 
they were told, " by an act of Legislature the name had 
been changed " ; however, we managed to drink it, and 
as things turned out later in the war there were many 
times when we should have been thankful for the des- 
pised " blue ruin." 

Our camp duties were of the regular routine, roll-call 
in the early morning, then breakfast, details for policing 
the grounds and for the guard, guard mounting, then 
squad drill, after which came company drill, then dinner. 
After dinner came regimental drill, then dress parade ; 
this ended the principal duties of the day, and kept us 
busy. A full band was enlisted, which after constant 
practice became quite proficient, and always showed 
itself to good advantage on dress parade. 

As finally organized, the regiment was officered as 
follows : — 

James Barnes, of Springfield, as Colonel. He was a graduate of 
West Point, and had in his earlier days served in the Regular 
Army. He was a fine officer, was pretty severe sometimes, but 
thought a great deal of his regiment, and did everything possible 
for the comfort of the men ; he was brave in battle, and seemed 
to know no fear. He commanded a Division at the Battle of 
Gettysburg, where he was wounded ; and at the close of the war 
was breveted Major General. He died soon afterward. 

Timothy Ingraham, our Lieut. Colonel, came from New Bedford. 
He had seen some service in the State militia ; early in the war 
he was transferred and made Colonel of the 38th Mass. Vols. 
The Grand Army Post of Hyde Park is named for him, and he 
died in that town some years ago. 

Joseph Hayes, the Major, came to us from the 20th Mass., which 
was camped near us at Readville, where he was a captain. He 
was a fine drill master, and the regiment under his hand soon 
showed excellent qualities as far as drill and discipline went, as 
will be shown later on. He was promoted to Lieut. Colonel and 
then to Colonel of the regiment. He commanded the Brigade at 
the Battle of the Wilderness, where he was severely wounded ; 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 7 

after his recovery he was made Brigadier General, and com- 
manded a Brigade of Regulars at the Battle of Weldon Railroad, 
where in dense woods, becoming separated from his command, 
and losing his way, he ran into a Rebel skirmish line and was 
made prisoner. While a prisoner he was appointed as Commis- 
sioner, by the Government at Richmond, for the exchange of 
prisoners, acting in behalf of our men who were to be exchanged 
for Confederate prisoners that we held. He was breveted a 
Major General at the close of the war, he is still living and 
resides in New York City. 

Stephen Thomas was Captain of Company D., the Middleboro 
Company. Me was promoted Major, then Lieut. Colonel of the 
regiment. As Capt. he commanded the regiment at the Second 
Battle of Bull Run, Aug. 30, 1862. A year later he resigned, 
and died soon after the war. 

William B. White came from Abington, and commanded Co. " G." 
He was a fine officer, and was very much liked by the officers 
and men of the regiment; he and Capt. Carroll became very 
intimate friends. He was with the regiment in nearly all its 
engagements, being wounded at Jerricho Ford, Va., in May, 
1864 ; was promoted to Major and then to Lieut. Colonel of the 
regiment, and commanded it at the close of its service. He now 
resides in Boston. 

Thomas Weston, Capt. of Co. "E", was from Middleboro. He was 
a sturdy, reliable and efficient officer ; in action he was superb ; 
was wounded, and in the Battle of the Wilderness, in May, 1864, 
received a sun-stroke, when he was sent to the hospital and did 
not recover to join the regiment until its term of service had 
nearly expired. He was made Major of the regiment and was 
breveted Lieut. Colonel. He died in Hingham in 1895. 

George C. Ruby, Capt. of Co. " B ", the Irish Company, came from 
Taunton. He had seen long service as a Sergeant in the English 
Army, and was a very brave officer. He was killed at the battle 
of Fredericksburg, Va., on Dec. 13, 1862. 

James W. Collingwood, Capt. of Co. " H ", was much liked by the 
men of his company and the regiment ; he was mortally wounded 
at the Second Battle of Bull Run. 

Lewis N. Tucker, Captain, served with distinction all through the 
war ; was at one time on Genl. Griffin's Staff, and was severely 



8 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Jan. 

wounded at the battle of the Wilderness. He was breveted 

major, and died in 1902. 
William F. McFarlin, Captain, served about a year with the 

regiment and resigned. 
John L. Spaulding, was with the regiment until October, 1862, 

when he resigned. 
George F. Hodges, Adjutant of the regiment, died at Hall's Hill, 

Va., Jan. 31, 1862. 
Benjamin F. DeCosta, Chaplain, served one year and resigned for 

disability. 
David P. Smith of Springfield, was our Surgeon until December 

1861, when he was promoted to Brigade Surgeon. 
William Holbrook of Palmer, became Surgeon in Jan. 1862, and 

was with the regiment until the close of the war : he was a 

skillful Surgeon and Doctor, and was greatly respected by the 

regiment, in spite of the fact that he cut off our arms and legs 

and fed us on pills and quinine. 

The writer has thought it well to give this brief 
sketch of the Field Officers, the Staff and the Captains 
of the regiment, and while knowing that something 
deserves to be said of every commissioned officer and 
man of the command, time and space will not permit. I 
desire, however, to mention one more officer of our regi- 
ment who, though not a resident of the town at the time 
of the war, has since made it his home : — 

Stephen M. Weld was Second Lieutenant and promoted to First 
Lieutenant and Captain, and while not on actual duty with the 
regiment, was on the Staff of Major Gen. Fitz John Porter, 
commanding our Corps, the 5th. In July, 1863, he became 
Lieut. Col. of the 56th Mass. Infantry and later its Colonel, and 
at the close of the war was breveted Brigadier General. He 
had a fine military record and was engaged in most of the battles 
of the war ; twice he was taken prisoner, at the battle of Gaines' 
Mills and at the Petersburg mine. 

Soon after we went into camp we received new mus- 
kets, belts, knapsacks, cartridge boxes, and bayonets 
which would fit the gun and stay on, something better 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 9 

than we had at first, and although it was a smooth bore 
musket that carried a cartridge with a round ball and 
three buckshot, it was all right at close quarters, and un- 
doubtedly would do great execution against a body of 
men, but we were quite sure we never would hit the man 
we aimed at. In the following spring these were turned 
in to the government, and we received some fine guns 
called Springfield Rifle Muskets, carrying a minie ball, 
and we felt then that we were as well fixed as the rest of 
the army. 

One day we set a flag pole, and everything being in 
readiness, the regiment formed in a hollow square and 
with the band playing, ran up the stars and stripes with 
cheers. This was the first flag raised at Camp Brigham ; 
the ceremonies ending with a fine address delivered by 
our Lieut. Fisher A. Baker. 

Guards were posted all around the grounds day and 
night, and at the first of our being in camp, I should say 
about half the men ran the guard at night, getting back 
before daylight ; of course every man on the guard line 
disclaimed all knowledge of seeing any soldier pass his 
beat. Some few of the men brought liquor into camp, 
which they could get from various places in the vicinity 
of East Dedham ; there was no such place as Hyde Park 
then. With more thorough discipline, however, the 
running of the guard was reduced to a minimum. 

On the 22d of July 1861, news came of the defeat of 
of the Union troops on the 21st, at the First Battle of 
Bull Run, and although people were very much depressed 
at the news, it turned out to be an " eye opener " ; then 
the North knew with what we had to contend, and began 
to make preparations accordingly. As far as we 
were concerned I shall have to confess that, boy like, 
we were almost glad of the defeat, so that it might come 
about that we should have to be sent to the front where 
we were eager to go. The Government wanted us all 



10 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS BEGIMENT. [Jan. 

right, and so we began making preparations for the start 
to Washington. 

Friends of the regiment, from the towns from which 
the different companies came, were visitors to the camp 
every pleasant day, and as the time drew near for our de- 
parture, the crowd increased, and it seemed that they 
could not do enough for us in providing little necessary 
things that we might need. I remember Mr. Ira Cleve- 
land frequently visited us boys. On one occasion he 
gave a few of us some gold which he thought we could 
make use of. Five ddllars came to me, and I never for- 
got his kindness. He wanted to do something, he said, 
and there were many others showing the same interest 
and generous spirit. 

On July 26, 1861, the men of Co. " F" were examined 
as to their physical condition by a Surgeon of the Regular 
Army, and with few exceptions we passed as fit for the 
service. On August 24, 1861, the regiment, as a whole, 
was mustered into the United States Service, and then 
there was no drawing back, but one man, named Waters, 
of Co. F, left us, and consequently was considered a 
deserter. 

At the time our regiment went out in i86i,no bounties 
nor pecuniary benefits were offered to the men as an in- 
ducement to enlist, as every one enlisting did so through 
patriotic motives. Not that we should have refused such 
offers as were made later on, but at that time such action 
was not thought of. 

It was considered then, and subsequently confirmed, 
that our regiment was composed of as fine a set of officers 
and men as had left the State. Very little has ever been 
said or written about the 18th Regiment, as compared 
with most others from Massachusetts, but its record of 
marches, battles and losses, for the full term of three 
years that it served with the "Army of the Potomac," 
ranks among the highest. We had assigned us about a 



1903.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 11 

dozen "four-horse wagons," which were subsequently 
changed to " six mule teams," for carrying our camp equip- 
age. In the latter part of the war they would have been 
enough for a division of troops. 

At length the day, August 26, 1861, arrived for our 
departure, which brought into camp the families and 
friends of the soldiers to see them off. Our regular duties 
for the day were omitted, and a busy scene was presented 
with the striking of tents and packing of knapsacks ; of 
course we packed the latter as one would a trunk, by cram- 
ming it as full as it would hold, and strapping on the 
outside what we could not get inside; how they made 
our shoulders ache with the carrying. We were green 
then, but later we learned to get along with the least pos- 
sible amount, as regards personal necessities. 

Finally the order came to march, and we shouldered 
our burdens and started for the Readville station, where 
a long train was in waiting. We were a perfect mob as 
we marched the short distance, as the men of the regi- 
ment and their friends were all together in the ranks, 
wives with their husbands, girls with their admirers, 
straggling along. We were finally packed aboard the train 
and were off, amid the waving of handkerchiefs and 
cheers, handshakings and tears. The train moved so 
slowly, at the start, that many followed along the track for 
quite a distance, for one more last look at the face of son 
or brother, husband or lover ; and it proved too true that 
in many cases it was the last look. 

(To be continued.) 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS IN NEEDHAM. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B. 

Until 1795 the school houses were owned by proprietors, 
and there is but little reference to them in the town records. 



12 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [Jan. 

On May 12, 1714, the town voted that Matthew Tamling 
and John Fisher should teach children to read and write. Both 
were residents of the town. Mr. Fisher was son of Capt* 
John Fisher, and was long known as John Fisher, Jr. ; later 
he was a very prominent citizen. On January 14, 1718-19, 
the town voted to have a < < moving Schoole and Keep* at three 
places in the Town," appropriated £6 therefor, and chose Jere- 
miah Woodcock, Benjamin Mills, Jr., and John Smith, Jr., a 
committee to carry into effect the vote. On October 5, 1719, 
the selectmen granted to Jeremiah Woodcock £2 for taking 
care of the school one month ; he perhaps had engaged a 
teacher, and the £2 was to pay him. On March 17, 1720, 1 
£1 was granted to John Smith, Jr., " for taking y e care of y e 
Scholle " for two months. At the annual meeting March 13, 
1721, the town voted that the selectmen take " prudent Care " 
to have a school "for the good of the town & ad van tag of 
Childran," and appropriated £6 " for y e Charg of y e Schoole." 
On December 11, 1721, Ensign Thomas Fuller and John 
Fisher were appointed "to treat with mr Danill Fuller to 
keep Schoole," and he received £8 for fifteen weeks. Mr. 
Fuller was born April 20, 1699, and was a son of Thomas and 
Esther (Fisher) Fuller, graduated from Yale College in 1721 
(A. M.), and became a minister. 

The foregoing is all the information contained in the 
records of Needham as to its schools and teachers during the 
first decade of its existence as a town. On February 27, 1722- 
3, the selectmen received £5 from the executors of Samuel 
Aldridge, a gift from Mr. Aldridge for the maintenance of the 
school. On November 29, 1723, the town voted to have "a 
Stated Schoole," and appropriated £6. 

On January 11, 1725, £15 was granted, and the inhabi- 
tants of the West End (" The Leg ") were to have their share 
of the money to maintain " a Schoole amongst them." It was 

i Unless otherwise indicated the dates are new style in the original, which 
looks like a very old book. 



1903.] IN NEED HAM. 13 

also voted « * that their Should be a Schoole Keept in four parts 
of the town," viz. : one near the house of John Smith, one near 
the house of Ephraim Ware, Sen., (who perhaps lived near 
Longfellow's Pond), one near the house of Deacon Woodcock, 
and another near that of Joshua Smith. Stephen Bacon was to 
receive the money "Belonging to the West End of the Town 
for thare benefit of a school for the yeare 1725." At different 
periods, prior to 1800, there were three school buildings, one 
of them of brick, in the West End. Horace Mann said a few 
years since, that the site of the first school house was owned by 
Dea. Willard Amory Wight, that of the second by Edmund M. 
Wood, and that of the third by the heirs of John Bacon, 3d. 
The latter school is well remembered. 

On May 16, 1727, the town considered a proposition to 
build a school house, but nothing came of it. There is how- 
ever said to have been a school house in 1726 on what is now 
Linden Street in Wellesley Hills. 

John Smith was paid £3 for keeping school the month of 
January, 1726-7, and Samuel Wilson a like sum for Febru- 
ary, 1726-7. They were both Needham men. Mr. Smith also 
taught in April and May, 1731. 

The question of building a " chool house or housen " was 
before the town at its meeting March 20, 1726-7, but without 
result. 

On October 3, 1726, the town had voted to petition the 
General Court that the unimproved lands of non-residents 
might " be Rated for the use of the Chool." The writer has 
before him extensive quotations from the quaint old records, 
and notices that for a considerable period < « Chool " was the 
favorite method of spelling " School." 

On May 17, 1727, two petitions were before the town ; 
the first, dated May 13, was signed by Jonathan Dewing and 
ten other men , stated that the Westerly inhabitants of the town 
had been to the expense of purchasing and moving a school 
house, and requested the town to establish a place for it " Neare 



14 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [Jan. 

the place where it Now standeth." The town was willing to do 
so if the petitioners would pay for the land. (For this petition 
verbatim see Clarke's Wellesley Epitaphs, pp. 126 and 127.) 
This location was probably the one near Widow " Orgiles " 
(Orgills), which the town voted, May 20, 1728, to " Disalow." 

The other petition was signed by Ebenezer Ware and 
twenty-six others, and asked the town to build a school house 
" att the Meetting House." Although the vote was in the 
affirmative, nothing was done, and at the annual meeting March 
12, 1743-4, there was an article in the warrant to annul this 
vote, referring to its date, May 17, 1727. On March 11, 
1754, the town declined to build a school house near the meeting 
house. 

At the meeting May 17, 1727, it was voted that inhabi- 
tants that subscribed for no place for a school should pay " to 
the School Nearest there Dwellings." 

Joseph Pynchon (Harvard 1726, A. M.) was paid £12, 
14s. " for keeping School in the year 1727." 

On May 6, 1728, a petition signed by Josiah Kingsbury 
and twenty-four other men living in the West part of the town 
was presented, and they pledged themselves to pay William 
Chub if he would build a school house between the houses of 
Nathaniel Bullard and Henry Pratt. 

On June 24, 1728, the same men took measures to obtain 
a school house. (See Clarke's Wellesley Epitaphs, p. 127.) 

On May 20, 1728, the town granted the petition of the 
Westerly inhabitants who desired to build a school house near 
the house of Daniel Pratt, and voted £12 for schools. 

On July 4, 1729, the selectmen appointed Abigail Parker, 
44 Single woman," to keep school "one month or two this 
year." She taught two months that summer, apparently in the 
West, and was paid £3, 4s., by the hands of Henry Pratt, 
who on December 15, was appointed " to treat with M r Robert 
pepper for to Keep a School amongst us " for " one Month or 
two this winter." 



1903.] IN NEEDHAM. 15 

In 1729 12 shillinggs were paid to William Ockinton for 
the use of his house for a school. 

Miss Parker was negotiated with the next spring, 1729- 
30, and taught two months that year. On February 9, 1729- 
30, 17 shillings were allowed to the families west of Natick 
Brook, and receipted for by John Goodenow March 12, 1729- 
30. Miss Parker kept school in Needham two months in the 
summer of 1733. 

In the summer of 1730 Miss Jemima Littlefield kept 
school two months. The money, £3, 16 s., was paid to her 
by Henry Pratt, who performed a similar duty at other times, 
and appears to have had a good deal to do with the schools. 
Miss Littlefield taught three months in the summer of 1731, 
and three months in the summer of 1732. In March, 1737-8, 
she was paid for teaching one month in the West, perhaps in 
the summer of 1737. 

The selectmen's order, March 1, was to Benoni Wood- 
ward, who was to pay her £4, 10 s. If that was for a single 
month the depreciated Province bills, worth in 1735 one-third 
the same amount in silver, were doubtless used. She taught 
two months in 1742 for £4, old tenor. The pay of the teachers 
varied greatly according to the value of the money in which 
they were paid. In 1729 and 1730 8 shillings and 9 shillings 
per week were paid to women teachers. In 1742, '43, Mr. 
Vialas was paid £6 per month, and Mr. Smith £4 ; perhaps the 
former boarded himself. The next year the records give the 
names of persons who boarded the teachers and the amounts 
paid for board, and continue to supply these facts during the 
remainder of the Provincial period. 

In 1742, '43 a woman received £2 per month, in 1743-44 
Mr. Vialas £6, and the board of a man was from 13 shillings 
to 15 shillings per week. 

In 1744, '45 a woman was paid £4 per month, Mr. Vialas 
£7; in 1746 Mr. Vialas had £6, Mr. Greenwood £4. M*. 
Vialas was usually boarded at the town's expense in addition 



16 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [Jan. 

to the pay named. In 1746, '47 a woman was paid £4, 12 s. 
per month, which included board. In 1746 and 1747 Mr. 
Ver}^ and Mr. Fuller were paid £8 per month respectively. In 
1748 Mrs. Coller £6, Miss Littlefield £4; the board making 
the difference of £2. 

All these payments were in old tenor, which in 1748, '49 
was so much depreciated that Mr. Thurston was paid £12, 10 
s. per month, and the board of a man was from 30 shillings to 
35 shillings per week. In 1750 the town commenced to pay 
in " Lawful Money," and for ten years the pay of a female 
teacher, who boarded herself, was about 16 shillings per 
month, the board of a woman being reckoned at 2 shillings per 
week, and that of a man from 3 shillings to 5 shillings. 

In 1763 the women teachers began to receive 5 s., 4 d. 
per week each, and the pay of a man was about double that 
amount. 

In 1769 Samuel Shuttlesworth had 6 shillings per week 
for teaching and his board cost the town 6 shillings more ; 
usually however the board was equal to about one-third of a 
male teacher's wages. 

In 1771 and 1772 Isaac Shepard, a young teacher, had 
only 10 shillings per week and boarded himself. 

To return to Miss Littlefield: In the summer of 1744 
she kept school two months, and also in September and Octo- 
ber, 1745, two months ; one month late in 1746, one month in 
1748 (perhaps boarded with Joshua Parker, West), two 
months in 1751, three months in 1752 (perhaps boarded with 
Samuel Huntting, West), one month in 1753, two months in 
the summer of 1754, when she boarded six weeks and three 
days with Daniel Huntting, one month in the summer of 1755, 
three months in that of 1756, boarding herself six weeks and 
the other six staying at the house of Samuel Huntting (Welles- 
ley Hills), with whom she boarded one month in 1755 or 1756. 
The town paid for her board with Peter Edes for six weeks in 
1757. In the summer of 1760 she taught six weeks. Miss 



1903.] IN NEEDHAM. 17 

Littlefield was the daughter of Ebenezer and Lydiaof Newton, 
was born August 19, 1697, and died in 1773. Her sister, 
Susannah, married Eliakim Cook of Needham. 

Miss Littlefield and Mrs. Hannah Coller were teachers in 
Needham some thirty years, longer than any others during the 
Provincial period. 

On July 29, 1730, Capt. Robert Cook, John Smith, 
Robert Fuller, Josiah Kingsbury and Andrew Dewing were 
chosen to answer a petition of the Westerly inhabitants of 
Needham to the General Court for a school. £20 were voted 
for " a Schoole." 

On September 10, 1730, the selectmen " agreed for to 
Hier a Gramer Schoole Master " for two months, and appointed 
Capt. Robert Cook and Henry Pratt to "agree" with one 
" and to provide a place for his Entertainment." 

December 8, 1730, Eleazer Kingsbery was to "agree" 
with Robert Cook (the younger) to teach one month that 
winter. Mr. Cook taught that winter and also five months in 
1732, and one month each in the winters of 1733-34, and 
1750-51. If he taught between those years there is appar- 
ently no record of it. 

On May 25, 1731, John Smith and Henry Pratt were a 
committee ' ' to Treat with and agree with a Schoole Dame or 
Mistris to Keep a school at the Schoole House for the space of 
Three months next Coming in." 

A petition "of the Most Easterly or South Easterly In- 
habitants," dated January 17, 1731-2, was granted March 1, 
and the town approved of the location which the petitioners, 
Joseph Boyden and twenty-nine others, had obtained for a 
school house. The location was " a Corner of Land Belonging 
to Samuel Bacon at the Cross ways Near the House of Caleb 
Smith." Early in 1733 the town treasurer paid 12 shillings 
for the use of a house to keep school in. 

On March 11, 1733-4, the selectmen granted Joshua Ellis 
£4 for keeping school one month. He was presumably from 



18 ALMS FAMILY. [Jan. 

the Springfield Parish of Dedham, and identical with Dea. 
Joshua Ellis, who was later prominent there. 

On March 5, 1733-4, £1, 7s. was granted to Timothy 
Kingsbery " for Money payd at the Court of Quarter Sessions 
for presentment and Charges payd their for want of a Schole." 
The same amount was granted to him August 23, 1736, for the 
same purpose. 

On June 14, 1734, Robert Fuller was engaged to teach 
four months " Next Coming in," and September 9, 1735, he 
was employed for six weeks " next." 

Francis Very taught two months, December, 1733, and 
January, 1734, and on March 5, 1734-5, £8 was granted to 
him for keeping school two months " Last past," and £4, 3 s. 
to Thomas " Jyles " for teaching in the West four weeks ending 
in March. 

On December 3, 1735, Mr. Very was engaged to teach 
four weeks " Omitting Satterday " at the " Westerly Schoole 
House " for £4, and was to board himself. On December 18, 
he was engaged for four weeks more, and January 23, 1735-6, 
for another four weeks, this time in the East if the " Neighbour 
Hood " provided a proper house to teach in, otherwise he was 
to continue in the West. He had a school for one month in 
the winter of 1736-7, and also two months in January and 
February, 1746-7. He lived in Needham, married February 
26, 1730, Miriam Woodcock, and the births of eight of his 
children are recorded, 1730-45. 

(To be continued.) 



THE ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. 

Compiled by Frederick H. Whitin, 

a Descendant of the Ninth Generation. 

The founder of this family was Nathan Aldis, of 
Dedham, Massachusetts. In the eight generations here 
presented, there are but nineteen males, of whom nine 



1903.J ALDIS FAMILY. 19 

died young or without issue; while today the perpetuation 
of the surname is dependent upon two individuals — of 
the tenth generation. 

The name is by no means a rare one in England. It 
appears five times on the Hundred Rolls, 1273, and is one 
of the class of old personal names which have survived as 
surnames. In Norfolk, it has been particularly strong, 
"both in its fontal and patronymic character" (Bardsley : 
Diet, of English and Welsh Surnames, 1901). As far as 
known,the family seems to have been of the EasternCoun- 
ties, exclusively. This fact would point to a possible Dan- 
ish origin of the name, which opinion is strengthened by its 
occurrence in the Icelandic Saga, called by William 
Morris " The Story of Grettir the Strong." In it, Aldis of 
Barra, though a woman, is a prominent character. 

The name was spelled " Aldus " very frequently, on 
the records,both in England and America. This might well 
be characterized as a Latin form; indeed the name so 
written, is well-known to all lovers of old books as that of 
" The Prince of Italian Typographers," Aldus Manutius 
of Venice, in the fifteenth century. A feminine form is 
given by D'Annunzio in his recent thirteenth century 
tragedy ; he calls a woman of Francesca da Rimini, " Alda." 

Of the English ancestry of the American family noth- 
ing is known. The earliest American record of Nathan 
Aldis, the Emigrant, is his admission to the Dedham 
Church on February 11, 1639-40 (II. 22). 1 Mary, wife of 
"brother Alldys," was admitted March 11, 1640-41 (II. 24.) 
He was chosen one of the first deacons of the Church on 
June 23, 1650 (II. 35). He became a freeman on May 13, 
1640 (Mass. Col. Rec. I. 377). 

Nathan Aldis first appears in town affairs as a "viewer 
of fences," April 17, 1640 (III. 67). He was selectman for 
the years 1641, 1642 and 1644 (III. 75-100). This proves 
incorrect the statement of Paige (History of Cambridge, 

'Anthority, unless otherwise stated, Hill's Dedham Records. 



20 ALDIS FAMILY. [Jan. 

p. 479) that in 1642, Nathan Aldus occupied land near 
what is now Harvard Square and Dunster Street. 

As a Dedham proprietor, Nathan Aldis signed the 
Dedham Covenantas did also his only son, John. As such, 
he received various grants of land, but always in small 
quantities (III. 95, 108, in, 211). This is explained by 
the small number of cow-commons, the unit of proprie- 
torship, which he held. The number varied, being seven- 
teen in 1666 (IV. 126), decreasing to eleven in 1669 
(IV. 174), out of a total of 335 at that time. John Aldis, 
the son, had the last number in 1685 (V. 170), while seven 
appear in the inventory of the estate of Daniel 3 Aldis 
(No. 7). 

In August, 1642, Nathan Aldis acquired a sixth in- 
terest in the water mill on East Brook. Seven years 
later he, with John Allin (the pastor) and John Dwight, 
sold his interest to Nathaniel Whiting, the fourth partner 
(Suffolk Deeds, IV. 285). 

Nathan Aldis acted as appraiser in a number of pro- 
bate cases, and in two of these the original papers are 
preserved. His signature of the date of 1642 has been 
reproduced (III. 89) from certain town papers. All show 
a similarity of writing, but not of spelling; it being 
" Alldis " in town affairs, "Aldous " in Suffolk Probate 
case, No. ^3, (1642) and " Aldis " in case No. 531 of the year 
1670. This later indicates greater familiarity with a pen, 
if firmer characters are any criterion. 

The Emigrant did not prosper greatly in this world's 
goods in the later years, judging from the proportion of 
taxes he paid, and the comparative assessed valuation of 
his house. This latter was ,£20 (III. 183) in 1651, rang- 
ing afterwards from ,£15 (IV. 178) to £$0 (IV. yy}. 

His public acts were chiefly in connection with the 
meeting-house and pastor's salary, he being a committee 
on both. His last appearance on the town records was 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 21 

on November 29, 1675 (V. 36),when he was assessed is. 3d. 
for the general tax. 

John Aldis, the only son of the Emigrant, was 
admitted " Townseman "on January 1, 1650-51 (III. 132). 
He was a constable in 1660 (IV. 26), and in 1663 was 
returned for the Jury of Trials of Suffolk County ; going 
two years later, to the Grand Jury (IV. 292). He was a 
selectman for twelve years from 1675 (Mann's Annals, 
80), and as a Deputy to the General Court in 1683 (Mass. 
Col. Rec. V. 420) he was paid by the town over five 
pounds (V. 148, 152) for his time and expenses. 

The date of the election of John Aldis as Deacon is 
unobtainable, but on September 30, 1675 (V. 38), he was 
directed to sit in the third deacons' seat. Previously his 
wife had " desired to sit in the seat of the middle row," 
but it was decided that " she was to sit upon the gallery 
in the fore row for the present." 

The signature of John Aldis is reproduced (III. 221). 
He was more materially successful than his father, and 
soon exceeded him in the tax list. His property was 
assessed generally at about £120, of which the valuation 
of the house was a continually increasing part. His share 
of the taxes for Philip's War amounted to ,£8.11.8. (V. 34, 
41). The last appearance of Deacon John Aldis on the 
Selectmen's Records was November 11, 1700 (V. 283). 

The name of John Aldis appears on the Dorchester 
Records of 165 1, there being a dispute as the cutting of 
timber (Boston Rec. Com. IV. 84). John Aldis is called 
"Ser" in the Records of July 14, 1675 (V. 32), his son 
John 3 (No. 5) having come of age ; the references to "Pet 
[or Peter] Aldus " (V. 60, 182) can be shown from their 
import to be intended for John 2 . 

The town of Dedham paid John Aldis £2.8. for ser- 
vices in Philip's War (Bodge's Soldiers, 1896, 368). It does 
not appear whether it was father or son ; known circum- 
stances indicate the young man, just come of age and as 



22 ALDIS FAMILY, [Jan. 

yet unmarried, rather than the Deacon and Selectman. 
The oath of allegiance, 1678, was taken by Deacon John 
Aldis (No 3), John, Jr. (No. 5) and Daniel (No. 7) (Bost. 
Rec. Com. XXIX. 126). 

It cannot be said that the direct male descendants of 
Nathan Aldis took any part in the Revolutionary War. 
Of the two men then living, Ebenezer 6 Aldis (No. 23), 
1 742-1802, does not appear on the State Records as fight- 
ing for the patriot cause. His brother, Nathan (No. 21), 
was accused by his fellow townsmen of being a tory 
(Blake's Franklin, 141), and he is called "absentee" in 
his probate papers, having died in Boston between the 
battles of Lexington and Bunker Hill. 

But if the men failed their State, a woman did not. 
Mary (Aldis 5 -Allen) Draper (No. 17) of Roxbury played 
an active part in the struggle, and her memory is perpet- 
uated in the name of the Roxbury Chapter of the Daugh- 
ters of the American Revolution. The Revolutionary 
service of two of the men who married into the family is 
known; John Mayo, husband of Mary 6 Allen (No. 17, III.), 
and Jotham Woods, husband of Mehitable 6 Aldis (No. 22). 

At the time of the Civil War, the only direct male 
descendant, Asa Owen 8 Aldis (No. 27,11.) was Chief Justice 
of Vermont. Two men of the name, sons of later emi- 
grants are known to have given their lives for the Union 
cause: (1) Henry Alldis, 48th New York Volunteers* 
killed in front of Petersburgh, Va., was a son of Thomas 
J. Alldis, who came to America in 1853 ; (2) William 
Aldis, killed at Port Hudson, June 14, 1863, was a son of 
William Henry Aldis, and was born at Chatham, Eng- 
land, in 1830 ; father and son both appear in the New 
York City directories of '50's. 

Charles Aldis, a clergyman, took the master's degree 
at Columbia College in 1837, but no connection can be 
found with the Dedham family. 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 23 

1. Nathan Aldis, emigrant, was born in England 
about 1596 (Suffolk Court Files, No. 966, a deposition), 
and died at Dedham, Mass., March 15, 1675-6 (I. 15). 
Mary, his wife, died at Dedham on January 1, 1676-7 (1. 15). 
Administration on his estate was granted on April 25, 
1676 "to Mary Aldis, his relict and John Aldis, their 
sonne." The inventory amounted to ^112, including the 
house lot valued at £40. (Suffolk Prob. V. 338). Issue, 
born in England : — 

2. i. Mary 2 . 

3. ii. John 2 . 

Mary would seem to have been the elder since she 
was married seven years before her brother, who probably 
married young, since he was not admitted " Townsman " 
till the year after that event. 

It is possible, but not probable, that the Lydia, who 
married (1) Samuel Oliver and (2) Joshua Fisher, was a 
daughter of Nathan Aldis. In her will (Suffolk Prob. 
IV. 413) she refers to "my brother Dea. Aldis." He was, 
at least, her husband's brother-in-law by his first marriage. 
In that instrument, she is not always strictly accurate in 
her statements of relationship. 

2. Mary 2 Aldis {Nathan 1 ) died at Dedham on Sep- 
tember 3, 1653. She married there on March 15, 1643 
(I. 126), Joshua Fisher 1 , son of Joshua Fisher, baptised at 
Syleham, England, on April 2, 1621, died at Dedham on 
August 10, 1672. Issue, recorded at Dedham : — 

i. Mary 3 , b. March 23, 1644; m. Nov. 10, 1662, Thomas 

Clap, 
ii. Joshua 3 , b. Oct. 30, 1645 ; d. Jan. 14, 1646. 
iii. Hannah 3 , b. Feb. 14, 1647; d. Sept. 4, 1648. 
iv. Abigail 3 , b. Feb. 29, 1649 ; m. at Dedham, March 1, 1667, 
John Houlton of Dedham. 

*General reference, Fisher Genealogy, 1898. This and the Kegisteb 
both give Mary Aldis as being a daughter of Nathaniel Aldis, an error which 
Savage does not make. 



24 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [Jan. 

v. Joshua 8 , b. Jan. 9, 1651 ; m. Esther, (1654-1710), dau. of 

Elder John and Margaret (Smith) Wiswell. 
vi. John 8 , b. Feb. 18, 1652; m. March 6, 1674, Hannah 
Adams, 
vii. Hannah 8 , b. Jan. 19, 1653 ; m. William (?) Burroughs. 

(To be continued.) 



THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

( Continued from Vol. XIII. page 49) 

The winter school at Walpole Corner, 1856-7, if we may 
credit the Town Committee, was " thoroughly instructed" by 
John James Dana, the son of William De Wolf and Mary 
(Green) Dana, of Perry, Me. He graduated at the Bridge- 
water Normal School, Dec. 3, 1851 ; taught in Weston, 1854; 
South Scituate, 1855 ; Robinson, Me., 1861 and 1862 ; and in 
Boone Co., Iowa, 1870-1. He married Sarah Elizabeth 
Warren, of Weston, April 11, 1858; Mary Sophronia Gates, 
of South Robinson, Me., Jan. 29, 1891. He is a farmer in 
Union Township, Boone Co., Iowa, where he has served as 
Township Trustee, Assessor, School Director and District 
Treasurer. Post Office address, Perry, Iowa. 

In the South Dedham School Harriet Allen was a teacher 
in 1856, and continued her work there till Feb. 9, 1857. She 
was the daughter of Louis and Achsa (Fisher) Allen, born in 
Walpole July 25, 1838 ; was educated in her native town and 
in Springfield, and taught school for a season in Sharon. 
She died in Walpole, Oct. 19,1859, in her twenty-second year. 

In 1856-7 Hiram A. Oakman taught a year in the north 
district of the South Parish. He graduated from the Bridge- 
water Normal School in 1845, as from Marshfield ; is said to 
have taught six years and was a clerk in the Boston Custom 
House in 1876. 



1903.] OF I) El) HAM. 25 

In 1856 Lucy Lee Fessenden began to teach in an un- 
graded school at Montague, Mass., hoping then to make teach- 
ing her life work ; but at the end of her first term she was 
called home by illness in her father's family, and did not teach 
again till 1873, when she opened a private school in Dedham. 
She continued it twelve years, the patronage her school re- 
ceived being sufficient proof of its excellence. She is the 
daughter of the Rev. John and Nancy (Baker) Fessenden, 
born in Deerfield, and attended the Dedham High School four 
years, 1852-1856. She still occupies the family home on 
High Street, Dedham. 

From 1856 to 1858, Lucy Ada Nye was in charge of the 
second class of the South Dedham School. She had previously 
taught in Keene, N. H. ; in North and South Abington, Mass. ; 
and in 1853 and 54 in Virginia. She was the daughter of 
Apollos and Lucy (Kingsbury) Nye, born in Keene, X. H., 
Oct. 13, 1825; and was educated in the High School of her 
native town and Wheaton Ladies' Seminary, Norton, Mass. 
She died Sept. 14, 1858 at Walpole, Mass. 

Harriet L. Fales had charge of the fourth class of the 
South Dedham School, 1856 to 1858. She is the daughter of 
David and Nancy L. Fales, born in Dorchester, Nov. 18, 1836, 
and married Charles E. Barrows, Oct. 5, 1862, in South 
Dedham. She resides in Dorchester, Mass. 

The Clapboardtrees School enjoyed the instruction of Sam- 
uel Lankton Gerould in the winter of 1857-8. While a mem- 
ber of Dartmouth College he had taught two winter terms, 1854- 
6, in Marlboro, and from Sept. 1856 to March 1857, a high 
school in Stow. After graduation in 1858, and while a mem- 
ber of Union Theol. Sem., New York City, 1858 to 1860, he 
taught a private French school. He is the son of the Rev. 
Moses and Cynthia (Locke) Gerould, born in New Alstead, 
X. H., July 11, 1834 ; Married Lucy Abby Merriam of Mason 
Village, N. H., Sept. 20, 1860 ; became pastor of a Cong. Ch. 
in Stoddard, N. H., Oct. 2, 1861 ; obtained leave of absence 



26 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. [Jan. 

for three years and became a sergeant in the 14th Reg. of 
N. H. Volunteers, Sept. 23, 1862 ; served as clerk in several 
courts martial; and left the service July 8, 1865. He is now 
a pastor in Hollis, N. H., having received the degree of D. D. 
in 1897 from his alma mater. 

The primary class of the Centre School, 1857-8, was in 
the care of Caroline Augusta Howard. Later she taught 
private classes in drawing. She was the daughter of Sanford 
and Matilda W. Howard, born in Augusta, Maine, Jan. 12, 
1837. Her education was chiefly in private schools of Albany, 
N. Y., and there graduated from the State Normal School. 
During the Civil War she was connected with the Sanitary 
Commission in New York City, and while there often enjoyed 
the hospitality of the poet, William Cullen Bryant, who was a 
kinsman of both her father and mother. Her writings, both 
prose and poetry, received the poet's commendation and 
occasionally appeared in his paper, the "New York Evening 
Post." She was active in establishing the Lansing City 
Library, Mich., which was originally the property of the 
Ladies' Library Association. Her residence from 1865 was 
in Lansing, where she was devoted to literary work, and at the 
time of her death, Jan. 12, 1873, she was a clerk in the office 
of the State Superintendent of Public Instruction. A poem 
by her entitled, "A Cheer for the Brave," may be found in a 
collection called "Lyrics of Loyalty." 

In the winter of 1857-8 the East Street School was in- 
structed by Benjamin Lovering Pease, a student from 
Dartmouth College, where he graduated in 1859. He was a 
native of Meredith N. H., the son Noah and Betsey Ann 
(Prescott) Pease, born Nov. 4, 1833. He taught schools in 
Laconia, Wolf borough and Conway, N. H., and read law with 
the Hon. D. M. Cristie of Dover, N. H. He was a business 
man as well as lawyer, and died at Oak Park, 111., April 9, 1890. 

Chester Holbrook Comey, after teaching schools in Kings- 
ton, Taunton, Provincetown and Foxboro, began the charge of 



1903.] BALPH SHEPABD. 27 

the South Dedham School in April, 1857 and so continued till 
July, 1863. After this for several years he engaged in the 
Life Insurance business with encouraging success. He re- 
sumed teaching in Arlington in 1869, and was employed for a 
short time in the D wight School, Boston. But the agency of 
the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Co. was his principal 
business. He was born in Foxboro, Feb. 22, 1832, the son of 
John and Hannah (Robinson) Comey, and educated at Pierce 
Academy and Bridge water Normal School graduating in 1852. 
He married Sarah Dyer Rich in Provincetown, Aug. 27, 1855. 
For five years he was a deacon of the First Baptist Church of 
Cambridge, where in 1881, March 31, "he died as he had lived, 
an earnest Christian man." 

I To be continued.) 



RALPH SHEPARD AND SOME OF HIS 

DESCENDANTS. 
By Alice T. (Pickford) Brockway, of Lynn, Mass. 

Ralph 1 Shepard, of Stephney Parish, London, the 
ancester of the Worcester County branch of the Shepard 
family, was born in 1603. He was a tailor by trade, and 
probably an officer in the Drapers' Guild. He sailed for 
America on the last day of June, 1635, * n tne ship Abigail, 
Robert Hackwell, master. His wife, Thanklord, and 
daughter Sarah accompanied him. He settled in Ded- 
ham, Mass., where, by the town records, his name appears 
with eighteen others as the first settlers 'there ; also on 
the Dedham Covenant. He could have remained there 
but a short time, however, as he soon had two children 
born in Weymouth, Mass. He appears finally to have 
settled in Maiden, where he was a ruling elder in the 
church. He was also freeman in 1650-1. About 1666 he 
moved to Concord, where he bought a large farm of Lt. 



28 RALPH SHEPABB. [Jan. 

Joseph Wheeler. He died in Charlestown, Sept. n, 1693, 
and was buried in Maiden. His wife must have died 
before 1681. Children : — 

Sarah 2 , born in England about 1633. 

Thomas 2 , b. about 1635; m. at Maiden, Nov. 19, 1658, 
Hannah, dau. of Thomas Ensign, of Scituate. He was a 
member of the church at Charlestown, then at Maiden. 
He owned land in Charlestown in 1657-8. (Charles- 
town Land Records, p. 79). He died at Milton, 26 or 
29 of Sept., 1719. 
2. John 2 , b. [ ], m. Sarah, dau. of Thomas Goble, of 

Concord ; d. Dec. 15, 1699. 

Isaac 2 , b. at Weymouth, June 20, 1639 ; m. Mary, dau. of 
Baptiste Smedley; was killed by the Indians, Feb. 12, 
1676. His widow m. 2dly, Nathaniel Jewell, June 9, 
1676. 

Trial 2 , b. at Weymouth, Dec. 19, 1641 ; m. March 11, 1661, 
Walter Powers of Nashoba ; d. Feb. 22, 1708, aged 69 
years. 

Abraham 2 , m. Jan. 1, 1672, Judith Philbrook, dau. of John 
Sill; d. Feb. 22, 1715-16. 

Thanks 2 , b. at Maiden, Feb. 10, 1651 ; m. Peter Dill, of 
Nashoba. 

Jacob 2 , b. at Maiden, June 16, 1653 ; d. without issue. 

Walter 2 , of Sudbury, Mass. 

2. John 2 Shepard (Ralph 1 ) was b. probably in Ded- 
ham, soon after his father located there, before there were 
any records kept of the town, which was not done until 
1637-8. He m. Sarah, dau. of Thomas and Alice Goble. 
She was bapt. May 27, 1638. Children : — 

John 3 , b. Oct. 26, 1661 ; m. March 19, 1690, Elizabeth 

Cragin; d. Dec. 15, 1699. 
Mary 3 , b. Feb. 11, 1662. 
Martha 3 , b. Feb. 11, 1662. 
3. Daniel 3 , b. [ ]; m. May 1, 1701, Mary Smedley. 

Dorothy 3 , b. Oct. 6, 1669. 



1903.] BALPH SHEPARD. 29 

3. Daniel 3 Shepard (John 2 , Ralph}) lived in Con- 
cord, and had seven children. Married Mary, dau. of 
John and Sarah (Wheeler) Smedley. She was born Feb. 
29, 1679. Children: — 

John 4 , b. Jan. 81, 1702 ; d. Feb. 14, 1702. 
Mary 4 , b. July 30, 1704-5. 
John 4 , b. May 30, 1706. 

4. Daniel 4 , b. Oct. 27, 1707 ; m. Oct. 22, 1734, Jane Hosmer. 
James 4 , b. Jan. 12, 1712. 

Dorothy 4 , b. July 8, 1714 ; m. June 16, 1743, Jonathan 

Cleveland, of Acton. 
Martha 4 , b. Aug. 4, 1720 ; m. Aug. 4, 1740, Wm. Barker. 

4. Daniel 4 Shepard (Daniel*, John 2 , Ralph 1 ), the 
fourth child of Daniel and Mary, was born and married 
in Concord. Married Jane, dau. of Stephen and Prudence 
(Billings) Hosmer. She was b. March 27, 1717. Children: — 

Daniel 5 , b. Sept. 23, 1736, in that part of old Concord, 

afterwards in Acton ; d. Dec. 13, 1739. 
Abigail 5 , b. in same place, Dec. 13, 1739. 
Mary 5 , b. in same place, May 21, 1745. 
Daniel 5 , b. in same place, Sept. 8, 1747; m. [ ], Sarah 

Adams; d. Sept. 15, 1785. 

5. John 5 , b. in same place, June 17, 1752 ; m. March 10, 1774, 

Nab by Eaton. 

5. John 5 Shepard (Daniel^, Daniel*, John 2 , Ralph 1 ), 
the youngest child of Daniel and Jane, was born in 
Acton. Married in Worcester, by Rev. Thaddeus 
McCarthy, to Nabby, dau, of Samuel and Melicent 
(Wheeler) Eaton. She was born Apr. 13, 1757, in Sud- 
bury, Mass., died in Worcester, May 2, 1837 They re- 
sided in Acton, Sudbury and Holden. He died in Acton, 
May 25, 1816. Children : — 

Lucy 6 , b. in Acton, Jan. 2, 1776 ; m. [ ] Laban John- 

son, carpenter, of Oakham, and had there three sons 
and six daughters. 



30 BALPH SHEPARD. [Jan. 

6. Paul 6 , b. in Sudbury, Dec. 11, 1777; m. 1799, Elizabeth 

Goulding. 
John 6 , b. in Sudbury, Dec. 26, 1780. 
Nabby 6 , or Abigail, b. in Holden, Dec. 29,1782 ; m. [ 

Otis Flagg, of Barre, and had one son and three 

daughters. 
Stephen 6 , b. in Holden, March 13, 1784. 
Elizabeth 6 , b. in Holden, April 25, 1786 ; m. Jan. 31, 1811, 

[ ] ; d. in Worcester, Sept. 12, 1850. 

Daniel 6 , b. in Holden, Oct. 25, 1788 ; drowned at sea. 
Millicent 6 , b. at Holden, March 3, 1791 ; m. Joseph Chick- 

ering and went west. 
Samuel 6 , b. at Holden, Oct. 25, 1793; m. Sophia Blinn. 

He was a blacksmith. 
Leonard 6 , b. at Holden, July 11,1796; m. in Holden, 

March 25, 1816, by Rev. Joseph Avery, Verona Pierce. 

She was b. in Holden, Dec. 21, 1796; d. in Dover, N. 

H., April 10, 1882, of paralysis. He d. in Dover, N. 

H., Dec. 11, 1841, of consumption. They had four sons 

and three daughters. 
Susannah 6 , b. in Acton, 1798 or 9 ; d. in infancy. 
Ira 6 , b. in Acton, March 4, 1801 ; m. Anna Phillips of 

Grafton, and had one son and two daughters. 
Joel 6 , b. in Acton about 1803. Was a blacksmith and 

went west, where he married. 

6. Paul 6 Shepard (John h , DanieP, Daniel 2 ', Join?, 
Ralph 1 ), the second child of John and Nabby ; married 
Elizabeth, second child of Windsor and Elizabeth Rice 
Goulding. She was born in Holden, July 15, 1772, and 
died in Worcester, Jan. 24, 1859. He died in Worcester, 
Aug. 3, 1869. Children :— 

Nancy 7 , b. in Holden, Sept. 16, 1800; d. in Worcester, 
Oct. 24, 1836. 

7. Elizabeth 7 , b. in Holden, Jan. 12, 1802 ; m. Aug 15, 1826, 

John Kay Livermore Pickford. 
Charles 7 , b. Nov. 15, 1804, in Holden; d. in Worcester, 
Dec. 10, 1807. 



1903.] RALPH SHEPARB. 31 

Sophia 7 , b. in Worcester, April 9, 1806 ; m. April 9, 1833, 

in Worcester, Sumner Cook; d. in Worcester, Feb. 11, 

1893. 
Emmeline 7 , b. in Worcester, July 15, 1808; m. March 30, 

1837, to Seth W. Fessenden. Lived in Shrewsbury, 

Mass. ; d. in Worcester, Dec. 11, 1886. 
Samuel 7 , b. in Worcester, Aug. 22, 1810 ; m. 1st., Dec. 6, 

1836, Sarah Bourne of Kennebunk, Me. ; m. 2dly, April 

7, 1842, Louisa Maynard, of Shrewsbury. He d. in 

Worcester, Nov. 7, 1861. 
Russell Rice 7 , b. in Worcester, April 25, 1812; m. 1st. 

Oct. 10, 1837,Sarah Hill ; m. 2dly, Nov. 24, 1842, Elzada 

E. Smith ; d. Feb. 13, 1857, aged 37 years. 
Luther Goulding 7 , b. in Worcester, May 1, 1814 • m. Aug. 

15, 1739, Adeline Shattuck ; d. Jan. 11, 1892. 
Jarvis E. 7 , b. in Worcester, Nov. 2, 1818 ; d. Jan. 15, 1820. 

7. Elizabeth 7 Shepard (Paul 5 , John h , Daniel, Dan- 
iel\Jokn 2 , Ralph 1 ), the second child of Paul and Elizabeth, 
married in Worcester, John Kay Livermore Pickford. 
He was the son of John Pickford, who was born near 
Bury, Co. of Lancaster, Eng., Nov. 25, 1772, and Alice 
Livermore, daughter of the Rev. Jason and Mary (Jack- 
son) Livermore, who was born in Spencer, Mass., April 
21, 1780. He was b. in Hallowell, Me., Aug. 9, 1799 ; d. in 
Worcester, Oct. 19, 1875. Children : — 

John Franklin 8 , b. in Worcester, Jan. 30, 1830 ; m. 1st, 
July 22, 1862, Angeline Ewel. She d. Feb. 15, 1869, 
He m. 2dly, July 5, 1870, Caroline Angusta Robbins, 
widow of Silas Hastings. He d. in Worcester, May 23, 
1892. 

Charles Jarvis 8 , b. in Kennebunk, Me., May 24, 1833 ; m. 
Sept. 28, 1864, in Lynn, Mass., Anna M. Tolman, dau. 
of John B. and Lydia Sophia (Mann) Tolman. She was 
b. April 20, 1838. He d. June 7, 1895. 



32 STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. [Jan. 

DEATHS IX STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

Commencing with the minutes from the diary of the Rev cl 

Philip Curtis, giving the names of the number 

who have died in the six years past. 

By William R. Mann. 

(Continued from Vol. XIII. page 111). 

Mathew H. Harlow, Died [ ] 

William Tolman, Died March 11. 1811 in his 65 year. 

Abigail Wood, wife of William Wood Died March 7. 1790. 

William Wood, Died April — 1794. 

Susanna Wood, Dau. of Joseph and Desire Wood died March 7, 1795 

Leviny Wood, Dau. of Joseph and Desire Wood died Nov. 11 1802 

Thomas Raynolds, son of Benjamin and Hannah Raynolds d. July 

2. 1810. 
Jane Clap, Dau. of Samuel and Abigail Clap, died February 3 1809. 
Horace Clap, son of Samuel and Abigail died February 3 1809 
Otis Tolman Harlow, son of Otis and Betsey Harlow, died Sept 19. 

1810 in his 2 d year 
Ellis Smith, son of Israel and Zipporah Smith died Oct 8. 1810 in 

his 21 year. 
Jacob Fisher, Died May 31. 1811. 
Oliver Holmes, Died July 5 1811 
Ebenezer Richards, died July 6 1811 
Elijah Whiting Hewins son of Elijah Jr and Olive Hewins died Nov. 

15. 1811 in his 2 d year. 
Israel Smith, Died November 13 1811. aged 82 years 
John Estey, Died November 28. 1811. 
Lemuel Estey, son of Lemuel and Hannah Estey died May 16 1799. 

1 6 mo s old. 
Lemuel Estey, son of Lemuel and Hannah Estey died Nov. 9. 1802 

aged 16 days. 
Jarvin Morse, died March 30 1813 in his 47 th year. 
Ebenezer Richards, died July 6 1811 in his 66 year. 
Thomas Richards, died April 27 1813 aged 77 years. 
Susanna Tisdale, wife of Israel Tisdale died Oct 15 1813 in her 31 

year 
Joseph Hewins. Esq. Died Dec. 15 1813 aged 68 years. 



1903.] STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. 33 

Samuel Harris Gilbert, Died Dec. 23 1813 aged 37 years. 

Hannah Rhoads, wife of Benjamin Rhoads died Jany 8. 1814 in her 

33 year 
Benjamin Hodges, Died May 8. 1814 in his 68 year. 
Thomas Clark, Died [ ] 

Abigail French, dau. of Edward and Judith French died Aug. 19 

1814 aged 20 years 
Anna Morse dau of Joseph and Sarah Morse died Nov 2 1783 
Joseph Morse, died February 7. 1802 

Sarah Morse, widow of Joseph Morse died March 16. 1808 
Benjamin Gannett, died June 29. 1813 in his 87 year 
Elijah Capen, son of Elijah and Nancy Capen died Aug. 15 1815 in 

his 55 year 
Sophia Fairbanks, widow of Benjamin Fairbanks Jr. died Jany 1 1815 
Irene Capen, wife of William Capen died Oct. 29. 1815 in her 45 

year 
Rhoda Clap, widow of Timothy Clap died Dec. 5. 1815. 
Betsey Harlow, dau of Otis and Betsey Harlow died Oct. 15 1811 
Nathaniel Morse, died January 1 1816 in his 46 year 
Joseph Drake, died February 8. 1810. 
Ruth Drake, wife of Joseph Drake died February 8. 1814. 
Rebecca Drake, wife of George Drake died June 5, 1815 in her 35 
Benjamin Richards,' Died January — 1816 aged 77 years 
William Billings, Died Feby. 18. 1816 aged 73 years 
Jemima Holmes, widow of Ebenezer Holmes died February 6, 1816. 
Mary Estey, widow of Jacob Estey died Oct 22. 1810 aged 80 years. 
Emeline Estey, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth Estey died Sept 21 

1811 in her 2 yr 
Ebenezer Holmes, died June 24 1800 aged 67 years 
Cynthia Holmes, Dau. of Ebenezer and Jemima Holmes died May 

12, 1815 aged 38. years 
Otis Harlow, died March 2, 1816 in his 32 year. 
Levi Morse, Jr. died March 9, 1816 aged 46 years. 
Mary Drake, wife of Archippus Drake died March 11. 1816 in her 57 

year 

Ezikiel Capen, Jr. died March 17 1816. in his 50 year. 
John Randall, died March 17, 1316 in his 49 year. 
Joseph Randall, died March 18. 1816. 
Levi Morse, died March 12. 1816 in his 75 year. 



34 STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. [Jan. 

David He wins, Died March — 1816 aged 47 years 

Widow Jerusha Capen, Died April 1 1816 aged 83 years 

Mary Smith, dau. of Israel and Mary Smith died March 28 1816 aged 

62 years 
Jeremiah Morse, son of Levi and Hannah Morse died March 17 1816 

in his 48 year 
Hannah Morse, widow of Levi Morse died March 28 1816 aged 69 

years 
Ebenezer Fisher, died April 16, 1816, aged 50 years 
Eunice Tolman, wife of William Tolman died March — 1816 in her 

38 year 
Sally, wife of Sewell Hodges died May 1, 1816 aged 39 years 
Thomas, son of Samuel and Elizabeth Estey died April 2, 1816, aged 

4 years 
Elijah Billings, died March 28. 1810 aged 60 years 
Hitty, wife of Gilbert Lothrop. Died Dec. 28. 1810 in her 22 year 
Lucy Hewins. dau. of Mr Jacob and Hannah died Oct 31. 1816 in 

her 24. year 
Aaron Richards, died December — 1816 in his 44. year. 
Anna Gannett, widow of Benjamin Gannett, died Feby 22, 1817. in 

her 77. year 
Hannah, widow of Nathaniel Kingsbury, died May 4, 1817, aged 74 

years 
Hannah, wife of David Drake died July 13, 1817. 
Betsey Everett, died July 26, 1817. 
Mehitabel, dau. of Nathaniel and Mehitabel Bradshaw died Dec. 2. 

1817 in her 26 year 
Keziah, widow of John Coney died Feby. 11 1818 in her 76. year. 
John Savell, died Feby. 28. 1818 in his 53 year. 
William Augustus, son of Elkanah and Hannah Hewins. died Oct. 

27, 1817. 

James French, died 

Abigail, Widow, of William Deverix, died Oct. 20 1818 in her 95 year 
Molly, dau. of Israel and Zipporah Smith died Jany 3, 1819 in her 

22 year 
Sarah Bradshaw, died January 5, 1819. 
Nathan Hancock, died April 15. 1819. in his 70. year 

(To be continued.) 






1903.] THE AMES DIARY. 35 

EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

(Continued from Vol. XIII. page 114.) 

May, 1806. 

5. Dedham send 3 Represent™ 8 today after F. A. opposing. 

6. Daniel Baker died. 8. Daniel Baker buried. 
11. Edw. Sisk died at midnight. 

13. Ed Sisk's body carried into Ch'h. Prayers anth' Organ &c— 
buried. 

31. Genl Court 470 Reps chose P. Morton Spekr but Senate could 
not get a president. J. Bacon pro tern and have not yet heard who is 
Governor Sullivan or Strong now last of May— both houses Repub this 
year. 

June. 

5. Neh Fales died. No Gov 1 * yet declared. Gore and Otis retard 
in Senate by disputing every Section of R'p't of Votes so the house 
have nothing to do yet. 

8. Neh Fales buried. 

9. Senate accept Report of Elections. 

10. ISTo Governor yet ! 

13. Strong sworn Gov 1 ". Heath resign'd so no Lt. Gov r . 

15. Went Church Shaw played organ. 

16. Total eclipse Sun. fair and good observation. 
18. Walley's place lets for 100, .. to Slocum. 

30. Urged to take shares in O. P. K. to Bellingham but suspect 
diversion over Island! 

July. 

4. Tndepend ce 30 compleated. Dedham refuse even to read Deci n 
Ind. Jab Chick spurn'd at Decl n Independence !. 

11. Ann' 42 obit Patris. 

August. 

4. T. O. Selfridge assassinated B. Austin's son by shooting in 
State Str* and Dec 2. Gr Jury at Boston bring in a bill of manslaughter 
only to the abhorrence & consternation of Good People at the Reign of 
Pettifogarchy established here. 

22. Storm commenced today in N. Carolina with havoc ! 

23. Many destroyed by shipwreck since hear! 

31. Comfort of excluding water round my Chimneys now secured 
with Lead at the Roof, before had to set every dish to prevent deluge 
within. 

September. 

8. Nabby Gay m d to Babc k went Tiot & Clapb. 

12. Dogget informs me that Shift has ordered him to carrv business 
from me to S. Haven as to prisoners Bonds & notific 118 &c. 

13. Charles James Fox died. News of it got here 31 Octob r . 
18. Shaw's concert full house! Howe's hall. 

25. Enoch Allen refusing Toll is d Writ, he settled by six dollars. 
Diversions of Purley, a book now reprinting by Duane from the 
Author John Home Tooke. 

October. 

22. Selectmen bewray themselv Road to mill. Lusha Gay failed & 
Jotham Richards also, by instigation of Eb F r but now Nov. 24h Eb 



36 CHANDLER FAMILY. [Jan. 

Fisher says the Selectmen must again go and lay out that Road straight 
thro F. Ames's— Bussy's land!!! 

29. Is' Fairbanks' all moved off to Francest n . 

30. Battalion of Dedham review defeated by Snow. 

31. Earth white with Snow. 

November. 

13. Great envy & commotion at repairing Church Road. 

14. T. Gay work several days now on it & others on whose ac* ? 

16. Asked to attend as Justice of quorum at Gaol to swear out poor 

?ris r , but as I am now only a tool to a junto of conspirators against me 
dont take And conspirators also against the Court of Sessions is well 
known. 

18. D n Jos. Whiting died 3 o'clock mane. 
30. No organist at Ch'h. 

Tho 8 O Selfrige for the murder or assassination of young Cha 8 
Austin 4th August last, at S. I. C. now sitting in Boston is charged only 
Manslaughter and bailed in 2000 dol. People agast! 

December. 

1. Congress opens. 

2. News that the Assassin & Murderer is liberated at Boston 
S. J. C. Reign of Pettifogarchy established. . 

12. Rec'd fr Seaver Pres ts Message but published at Boston 
Wednesday. 

News arrived by Mr. Cooper that Bonaparte killed 25.000 Prussians! 

15. Com ee Sess agree on 12 dol for year from this day for turning 
me out Courthouse. 

20. Gave Capt Pond key Office Ct. H. 
23. Selfridges trial begun. 

(To be continued.) 



GENEALOGY OF A BRANCH OF THE 
CHANDLER FAMILY. 

By Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 

( Continued from Vol. XIII. page 120.) 

Transcript from two old Bibles : — 

Anna Chandler was born at York on Tuesday march 8 th about 9 

o'th clock at night. 

William Haynes was born at Brunswick July 1, 1743. 

Sally Chandler was born at ole York October 22, 1757 Sunday 

morn 5 o'clock 

Was married at Cape Ann by her Hon Father the 16 of Aug 1759 
Sally Haynes was born at Boston June 8 Tues morn 6 o'clock 1773 
Anne Haynes was born at Cape Ann August 31, Thurs morn 10 

o'clock 



1903.] WELLESLEY. 37 

Polly Haynes died at Boston October 27 1786 

Ann Haynes died at Boston Nov 25 1787. 

Sally Haynes was married at Walpole by the Rev Mr Mory to 
Mr. Herman Man the 6 of January 1793 

Daniel Mann was born at Walpole Sep 28 1793 Satterday eve. 

Herman Man was born at Walpole April 8 afternoon 5 o'clock, 
1795. 

William Haynes Mann was born jan 28 at Walpole Sun morn 1 
o'clock 1797. 

Sally Mann born at Dedham July 29 Sunday morn 5 o'clock 1799 

Samuel Chandler Mann born at Dedham August 10 Monday 
morn 5 o'clock 1801 

Samuel C. Mann died March 6, 1802 

Samuel C. Mann born in Dedham February 28 Sat Night Eleven 
clock year 1803. 

Anna Maria and Lydia Sophia Born in Dedham September 7 
1805 Satterday A M Eleven o'clock. 

Lucia Narcissa Lavina Mann Born in Dedham, November the 
7 1807 Sunday morn at 5 o'clock. 

Edward Dun Mann was Born in Dedham July 15 1810 Sunday 
morn at half past 4. 

Franklin Mann was born in Dedham May 28 Friday 4 o'clock 
P. M. 1813. 



WELLESLEY. 



After a long and careful search for a supposed missing volume 
of the records of the "Orthodox Congregational Church of Grantville," 
in order to copy the baptisms, 1847-1861, for the Register, it 
appears evident that the baptisms for those years were never recorded 
in a church book, although it is probable that the ministers had pri- 
vate memoranda. The baptisms in the West Precinct of Need ham, 
1798-1861, already printed in the Register, are confusing in two in- 
stances owing to the failure to use a comma, or its uncalled for use 
by the recording officer, viz.: on page 120, Reg. XII., Lewis Henry 
and Hamilton Ellis were two sons of Luther Kingsbury, and on page 
112, Reg. Vol. XIII., a comma made Mira Louisa Clark two children 
instead of one child. She was born 7 April, 1849, joined the church 
1 July, 1872, and died 11 April, 1875. 



38 QUEBigs. 

The introduction on page 111 of the Register for last October 
is misleading in this particular. The words " who was received to 
the Church at the same time " occur but once in the record of baptisms, 
1849-1861 ; it was a separate line, interlined, and the writer did not 
have it in mind when he wrote the introduction. During 1903 the 
baptisms in the First Church in Needham, 1720-1849, nearly two 
thousand in number, will probably appear verbatim, in the New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical Register. 

George K. Clarke. 



Queries. 

1. Chandler. Rev. Samuel Chandler, b. at Andover, July 2, 
1713, m. Anne Pecker. Wanted, date and place of her birth and 
names of her parents. 

2. Haynes. Samuel Haynes, who lived in Brunswick, Maine, 
m. Hannah, who lived at Medford, on March 26, 1769. She came to 
Medford a widow from Chelsea. Wanted, date and place of his 
birth and death, and names of his parents ; also date and place of her 
birth, and names of her parents. 

Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 

3. Jackson-Bond. Jonathan Jackson, of Rutland, Vt., m. 2dly 
Elizabeth Bond, and d. in 1768. Wanted, date and place of his 
birth, names of his parents and his first wife. 

Mrs. Alice T. Brockway. 

4. Chamberlain. Wanted, the ancestry of Moses Chamber- 
lain, of Walpole, who m. Deborah Onion, of Dedham, September, 1726. 

5. Partridge. Wanted, ancestry of Sarah Partridge (or Pat- 
ridge), who m. Moses Chamberlain of Walpole, May 18, 1758. Will 
the reader who has the information communicate with me ? 

C. N. Fessenden, 626 Tribune Building, Chicago. 

6. Lewis. Who was Olive (Gay) Lewis, widow, and who was her 
husband? John Lewis, a paper manufacturer, of Watertown, her son, 
was her executor (Dedham Prob. File 11, 608) Feb. 7, 1797. Estate, 
undivided half of 40 acres of land in Holden, Mass., owned in com- 
mon with Samuel Pratt. 

Wanted, also the dates of birth, marriage and death of the 
children of Joshua and May (Lyon) Lewis, who lived in Needham, 
and who were married on Sept. 26, 1776. In the papers of Catherine 
Lewis, his second wife, he is spoken of as captain. What was he 
Captain of ? George H. Lewis. 



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interest to residents, as well as to those of Norfolk County who have 
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The subscription price is Two Dollars a Tear, in advance, in- 
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Dedham, Mass., Jan. 1, 1903. Publisher. 



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PVBLTSMED BYTftE 



DEDHAM HISTORICAL .SOCIETY 



DEDrtAM, MA5SACHVSETTS 



Publishing Committee, 

DON GLEASON HILL, 

JOHN H. BURDAKIN, JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 

Business Manager, . . . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR APRIL, 1903. 

ILLUSTRATION. 

Heliotype view, Dedham Village, 1795 39 



DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795 



18th MASS. REGIMENT VOL. INFANTRY IN THE 

REBELLION. (To be continued,) . Amasa Guild. 48 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, NEEDHAM, 

(To be continued.) George K. Clarke. 55 

ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. (To be continued.) 

Frederick H. Whitin. 60 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To be continued.) 

Carlos Slafter. 65 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) DEATHS. ( To be continued. ) 

William B. Mann. 67 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. (To be continued.) 

Edna F. Colder. 71 

Query: 7, Pidge 72 



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The Dedham Historical Register. 



Vol. XIV. April, 1903. No. 2. 



DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 

'T'HE close of the eighteenth century witnessed a new 
lease of life for this quiet country village. On May 
2 6, 1793, by an act of the General Court, Suffolk County 
was divided and the new County of Norfolk was estab- 
lished, the law to take effect on June 20. Dedham was 
made the shire town. The County Courts were then the 
Court of Common Pleas, the Court of General Sessions 
of the Peace, and the Probate Court. The first session of 
the Probate Court was held by William Heath, the first 
Judge of Probate, appointed by the Governor, on August 
22, 1793 ; and the other two courts held their first session 
on September 24. Of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Stephen Metcalf, of Bellingham, was appointed Chief 
Justice by the Governor, and Nathaniel Ames, of Ded- 
ham, Clerk. Mr. Ames was appointed also Clerk of the 
Court of General Sessions. Isaac Bullard was chosen 
County Treasurer, and Eliphalet Pond, Register of 
Deeds. Ebenezer Thayer, of Braintree, was made the 
first Sheriff. 

One of the first steps taken by this Court was to build 
a Court House, 1 and also a Jail. At a meeting held at the 
meeting house on January 7, 1794, which was adjourned 
"to the sign of the Law Book " (the Woodward Tavern), 
a committee of three, consisting of Thomas Crane of 
Canton, Stephen Penniman of Braintree, and Joseph 
Guild of Dedham, was chosen to report " a proper spot 
of ground," and " on what terms the County of Norfolk 

141 The First Court House, 1793," by the late Erastus Worthington, 
Register, IV. 1-5. 



40 DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. [April, 

can be accommodated for their public buildings." The 
Episcopal Church offered its building and " the land lying 
common adjoining " for the purpose " reserving to the 
proprietors of said Church liberty of worship therein, on 
the Sabbaths, until they shall build another church. The 
First Church of Christ, at a meeting on June 30, 1794, 
granted to the County the use of the northeast corner of 
their land on Court Street near the Church Green " for 
the situation of their Court House." The latter offer was 
accepted, and Thomas Crane, Stephen Badlam, Joseph 
Guild, Stephen Penniman, and James Endicott were 
appointed a committee to build a Court House. Further 
reference to the building will be found in the list of build- 
ings given below. 

A view of the village in 1795, painted in oil by Rev. 
Jonathan Fisher, recently became known to the Register 
through Mr. George A. Chute, of Dedham, and thanks 
are due to him from the reader. The view, of which 
a heliotype reproduction is given with this number, was 
taken from a point near the house of Mr. William H. Ivers 
on Federal Hill. It shows the completed county buildings, 
and the Episcopal Church before its removal from its 
first site in 1797, as well as the meeting house of the First 
Church and Parish, and other buildings Jonathan 
Fisher, the painter, was the eldest child of Jonathan and 
Catherine (Avery) Fisher, of New Braintree, Massachu- 
setts, and was born on October 7, 1768. He lived with his 
great uncle, Timothy Metcalf, of Rutland, in 1777, after 
the death of his father, who was a Lieutenant in the 
Revolutionary Army, on March 10, 1777. In the fall of 
the year he went to live with his uncle, Rev. Joseph 
Avery, of Holden. For three months in the winter of 
1787-8, he taught the school at Low Plain (now Read- 
ville), Dedham. He entered Harvard College on the 
19th of July, 1788, and graduated in the class of 1792. It 
is said that "his vacations as well as much of his leisure 



1903.] BEBHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 41 

at College, were spent in painting, drawing, or making 
mathematical instruments." He spent the three years 
following at Cambridge in preparing himself for the minis- 
try. On July 13, 1796, he entered upon his long pastorate 
at Blue Hill, Maine, where he died on September 22, 
1847. For a few years before the summer of 1796, he 
probably made his home in Dedham. The painting of 
Dedham Village was without doubt made in the fall of 
1795, by Mr. Fisher. It was framed by him and is now 
owned by his grandson, Mr. F. A. Fisher, of Blue Hill, to 
whom the Register is greatly indebted for allowing the 
view to be reproduced. The painting is about thirty by 
twenty-two inches in size, and shows some interesting 
details. A key has been prepared to accompany the helio- 
type, which, it is hoped, will be a help to the reader in 
placing the buildings given in the following brief des- 
cription. For convenience they will be taken nearly in 
their order beginning at the left side. The plan on the 
next page, of the part of the village covered by the view, 
shows approximately the situation of the various buildings. 

Haven House. Only the chimneys of this house 
show, at the extreme left opposite the meeting house. 
This "house was built by Rev. Joseph Belcher, the third 
minister of Dedham, and afterwards occupied successively 
by Dexter and Haven, the fourth and fifth ministers, and 
in which they all died, stood near the site " of the Ortho- 
dox Church; it was taken down about the time the new 
church was built in 1819. 

Meetinghouse, First Parish. This building, sixty 
by forty-six feet, faced High Street, and was built in the 
years 1762 and 1763. On June 24, the north sill was laid 
exactly in the place of the one in the old meetinghouse 
which was taken down during the preceding two weeks. 
It had a porch in front, supporting a belfry and a steeple; 
and another porch on the southerly end. The style of 
the steeple, with the colonnade and dome-shaped part 



42 



DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 



[April, 




1903.] DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 43 

above it and the slender spire, is said to belong to New 
England; and while such steeples might be found a 
century or more ago they are now rarely, if ever, seen. 
There is one similar in shape on the meetinghouse of the 
First Church in Groton. The style is thought to have been 
suggested by the steeples in London built by the famous 
architect Sir Christopher Wren. The pulpit was on the 
western side of the building, and the entrances to the 
galleries were through both porches while there was a 
door on the east side. In 1819, the building was enlarged, 
the roof turned to run east and west and a new steeple 
built at the easterly end. 

School House. This building stood near the meet- 
inghouse, and was probably built about the year 1753, on 
the site of the first school house built in 1649. Dedham 
claims the distinction of establishing, in town meeting 
assembled, the first free public school to be maintained 
by general taxation. A tablet placed on the Church 
Green, near High Street, directly in front of the site of 
the first school house, by the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts to commemorate the establishment of a free 
public school by the inhabitants, was unveiled with 
appropriate exercises on June 17, 1898. The address was 
delivered on the Church Green before a large audience by 
Don Gleason Hill, Esq., president of the Dedham Histori- 
cal Society. The school house shown in the view is a one 
story building, and was replaced by a brick building in 
1801. The Deacons of the Church took possession of this 
building in 1821, and a decision was handed down by the 
Supreme Court that the building was the property of the 
Church. The school was continued for a short time, and 
in 1825 the building was torn down. 

Court House. On August 17, 1794, the Court of 
General Sessions voted "to accept a plan or rather a 
wooden model of a Court House . . . offered by Messrs. 
Doggett," and the plan was made nearly to conform to 



44 DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. [April, 

that of the Salem Court House, with a door at each end 
without." On May 14, 1795, it was ordered by the Court 
that the committee "so far finish the Court Chamber that 
the Supreme Court may hold their next session for this 
County therein by the 15th of August next. And that 
they apply to Mr. Bulfinch, Architect in Boston for a 
Plan of a decent Cupola or Turret, to the Court House, 
agreeable to the rules of architecture, for a building of 
such site, use and magnitude." The building was fifty 
by thirty-six feet, and was used until 1827, when the stone 
Court House was completed. The building was sold to 
Erastus Worthington and Harris Munroe, moved across 
the street further south, and became known later as 
" Temperance Hall." It was destroyed by fire on April 
28, 1891. The bell which hung on the old Court House, 
and later over the north portico in the stone Court 
House is now in the rooms of the Dedham Historical 
Society. It bears the inscription: " Revere, Boston, 1790." 
Woodward Tavern. At the right of the Court 
House, a part of the tavern shows. The ordinary, or 
tavern, here was " first kept by Joshua Fisher and his 
descendants from 1658 to 1730; by Dr. Nathaniel Ames, 
Sr., 'the almanac maker,' from 1735 to 1764; known as 
Ames's Tavern to 1772, afterward as Woodward's Tavern. 1 
Here the Suffolk Convention assembled Sept. 6, 1774. 
Here Fisher Ames was born, 1758. The house was de- 
molished in 181 7. . . . Woodward's Tavern became 
historic, not merely as having been the birthplace of 
Fisher Ames . . . but as having been the place where 
the famous Suffolk Convention was organized, Sept. 6, 
1774, to which Dedham sent five delegates [one of whom 
was Richard Woodward]. A large committee was chosen 
to prepare resolutions, and the Convention then adjourned 
to meet at the house of Daniel Vose, in Milton, where, on 
Friday, September 9, 1774, Gen. Joseph Warren reported 

1 250th Anniversary Proceedings, Dedham, 1886, page 193. 



1903.] DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 45 

to the Convention the Suffolk resolutions which he had 
drafted." This tavern is said to be the birthplace of 
the American Revolution. 

House of Fisher Ames. This building was com- 
pleted in 1795, and was a square house having a hip 
roof with balustrade. Mr. Ames died here on July 4, 
1808. The house, somewhat enlarged and reconstructed 
by the present owner, Frederick J. Stimson, was moved 
from the original site a few years ago back to a knoll near 
the river, where Mr. Stimson now lives. The law office 
of Fisher Ames, built in 1794, stood on the corner of 
Court and High streets, near the Pitt's Head, but it can- 
not be seen in the picture. 

H juse of Nathaniel Amss. " This house was 
built in 1772 by Dr. Nathaniel Ames, 2d, and was oc- 
cupied by him until his death, July 21, 1822, at the age 
of eighty-one years." It is now owned by Mrs. John P. 
Maynard. In the view the house is seen in the back- 
ground at the left of the tower of the Episcopal Church. 

House of Samuel Doggett. This house stands 
near the middle of the view, in front of the Nathaniel 
Ames House. It is the building, somewhat improved, re- 
cently occupied by Dr. George A. Southgate, on Court 
Street. The Doggett house became one of the County 
buildings in 1809. On the opposite side of Court Street 
were two shops, one of which was Mr. Doggett's. These 
buildings are seen at the right and near the Court 
House in the view. 

Epis:opal Church. Passing further to the right, 
and near the centre of the view, will be seen the Church 
building standing on the east side of Court Street. It 
"was begun in 1758, and was opened for worship on the 
first Sunday after Easter, 1761. It was a plain building, 
40 by 30 feet, without pews or permanent furniture." 
and was called Christ Church. In 1797 it was moved 
to Franklin Square and there rebuilt. In the lease of 



46 BEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. [April, 

the old lot on Court Street on Sept. 9. 1797, by the 
Church to William Howe, it speaks of " so much of 
the lot whereon the Episcopal Church recently stood." 
The site of the building was just south of the house 
now occupied by Rev. Edward W. Virgin. Church 
Street, then called the " new road," was laid out in 1 792, 
soon after the death of Widow Mary Colburn, when the 
Church came into the possession of a large tract of land, 
given by her son, Samuel Colburn, in his will, 1756. 

Gay Tavern. At the right of the Episcopal 
Church, under the three tall trees, stands a house with 
two chimneys. This is the tavern of Timothy Gay, and 
the same building but slightly changed is now owned by 
Misses Henrietta and Ada F. Adams. 

Jail. This was a wooden building two stories high, 
standing a short distance from Gay Tavern. In the view 
it is shown as a low building, with high fence around it, 
having the tavern as a background. By order of the 
Court of General Sessions the building was begun in 
1794 and completed in February, 1795. It had a dun- 
geon, and was heated by a charcoal stove, and a number 
of " iron kettles known as coalers." So many debtors 
were sent here to be imprisoned that it was found necess- 
ary to prepare rooms outside for the purpose. On June 
1, 1795, Dr. Ames in his diary says " Prisoner whipped." 
Several sentences of this kind were given by the County 
Court. " The punishment for larceny was whipping by 
not exceeding thirty stripes." The tree formerly used for 
a whipping post stood at the corner of Church and Court 
streets. The old jail was sold about 1822. 

House of John Miller. On the right of the post- 
road in the background stands a two-story house with 
one chimney. This was built by Mr. Miller and sold to 
Philip Amidon on March 31, 1797. The house was later 
owned by James Foord, and is now part of the house 
owned by George W. Humphrey. 



1903.J DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1795. 47 

House of George Wakefield. Nearer the ob- 
server is the two-story house, with two chimneys, leased 
to Mr. Wakefield by Samuel Richards on October 22, 
1795. The house was later occupied by James Richard- 
son. 

House of William Gawthorpe. Still nearer on 
the south side of the road is the house sold to Mr. Gaw- 
thorpe on Nov. 10, 1794, and later to Abner Ellis, and 
then to James Richardson. 

House of Alexander Hodgdon. Still further to 
the right are the house and buildings sold to Mr. Hodg- 
don by John Madey of Wrentham, on March 24, 1795, 
and Nancy Hodgdon the widow sold to Samuel Richards 
of Boston, on December 20, 1802. The house was built 
probably in 1791 by John M. Lovell, and is now occupied 
by descendants of the late Mrs. Edward M. Richards. 

House of James Barry. Looking by the Hodgdon 
house on the right may be seen a small house in the 
background built by Mr. Barry, and conveyed to Thomas 
Crehore in 1808, and then to Horatio Townsend in 1809. 
It is supposed to form a part of the house now owned 
by Mrs. T. L. Wakefield. 

Old Burial Place. This is shown at the left of 
the view, in the middle ground, inside the fence. This 
spot was chosen very soon after the settlement of the 
town to be 4; for the use of a public Buriall place for ye 
Towne forever." For a full account see Mr. Hill's 
article in the 250th Anniversary Proceedings, 1886, 
P a ge 157. " 

The Post Road. In 1795, on April 7, the first 
mail coach, under a contract with the Postmaster Gen- 
eral, passed over the road shown in the view, from 
Boston to the southward ; and the service was continued 
every other day. The first national post route in the 
country was established on May 1, 1693, from Ports- 
mouth, N. H., through Dedham to James City, Va. The 
service was weekly to 1780, and the daily service began 



48 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [April, 

in 1814. The mails were carried between Boston and 
Providence for many years before 1792 by Peter and 
Benjamin Mumford, who passed through Dedham always 
on horseback. Then the stage coach took passengers for 
a dollar each, and carried the mail without charge. 

Dr. Ames in his Diary, under date of March 1, 1794, 
says " it is warmly talk'd of joining for a Line of Stages 
and to have a Post office and a printer in Dedham." 
Jeremiah Shuttleworth received his commission as Post- 
master of Dedham, dated September 11, 1794, from 
Timothy Pickering, Postmaster General ; and the office 
was soon in operation. The commission is now in the 
possession of the Dedham Historical Society. The first 
newspaper in Dedham was issued by Nathaniel and 
Benjamin Heaton, on Oct. 11, 1796, and was called the 
Columbian Minerva. 



THE EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT 

VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN THE REBELLION, 

Together with some Personal Reminiscences. 

By Lieut. Amasa Guild, of Company F. 

( Continued from page 11.) 

It was five o'clock in the afternoon when we left 
Readville ; the cars were full, as were also a few of the 
men whose friends had evidently been desirous that they 
should have a good send off, and it was a long time before 
we got settled down and were able to realize that at last 
we were off to the front. What was in store for us in the 
future no man could tell, but being young the spirit of 
adventure was in us, and we soon learned to take things 
as they came and make the best of them, borrowing no 
trouble for the morrow. The cars in those days did not 
have the monitor top, therefore they were close and 
stuffy, particularly so when crowded; parlor and sleeping 
cars were unknown. 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 49 

We passed through Providence early in the evening ; 
the train ran so slowly that we did not reach Stonington 
until one o'clock the next morning. We left the cars and 
went aboard the steamer " Commodore," bound for New 
York. We found it much more comfortable on the 
steamer, although there was some confusionjand it was 
nearly morning before we started. We bunked down on 
the floor wherever we could find a place, filling the state- 
rooms and saloons so that it was difficult to get about 
without treading on some one ; and as this sort of thing 
was new to us, sleep was out of the question. 

At daylight everybody was on the upper deck taking 
in all there was to be seen along the Connecticut and 
Long Island shores. We passed through Hell Gate; 
then New York City came into view, and what a grand 
sight it was to us boys, who had never been there before, 
as we steamed down the East River past Blackwell's 
Island, the Navy Yard and Brooklyn on the east shore. 
My recollection is that New York did not extend much 
farther up than 42d Street, and what was called " up 
town" was somewhere about Union Square. 

It was one o'clock in the afternoon of August 27 when 
we landed and marched to Park Barracks in City Hall 
Square, where refreshments were provided by the city for 
all regiments passing through. We staid there until six 
o'clock surrounded by a great crowd of enthusiastic 
citizens. Many of the men had friends who, knowing 
that our regiment was going through the city, came to see 
them. My cousin, Fred Guild, who was in business there, 
looked me up and we had an interesting chat ; he was 
anxious to know if I needed anything, but I told him 
"I have just as much to carry as I can stagger under;" 
he was very much disappointed that he could not 
do something for me and finally asked if I smoked. 
I told him " I haven't contracted that habit yet." He 
replied " when you get out into active service there will 



50 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [April, 

be many times you will feel blue and discouraged, and 
will think of home and friends ; then a good smoke will be 
a great comfort." So I accepted a pipe and some fine 
tobacco, and he seemed very much pleased that he could 
do this much for me. I soon found that he had given me 
some very excellent advice. 

At six o'clock the regiment was formed, Co. F, in 
command of Lieut. Carroll, on the right of the line, and we 
marched down Broadway, platoon front reaching from 
curb to curb, amid cheering crowds, the windows of the 
buildings on either side of the street being filled with 
enthusiastic spectators, many of them ladies waving their 
handkerchiefs. As we marched, the band played " John 
Brown's Body lies a Mouldering in the Grave," with the 
whole regiment singing in one grand chorus ; that, with 
the hand clapping and the cheers of the crowd, was so 
inspiring that for the moment we forgot our aching backs ; 
we were glad the march was short however. There 
was no doubt about the enthusiasm and patriotism of 
New York City notwithstanding the draft riots two years 
later. We took steamer for Elizabethport, N. J., where 
we arrived at nine o'clock, and were a long time getting 
everybody and all our camp equipage aboard the cars 
here. As might be expected a very few of the men, 
evidently having met too enthusiastic friends in New 
York, were "loaded " with something besides their knap- 
sacks and equipments and had to be taken care of. 

Our special train was to go through to Washington 
by the way of Harrisburg, Penn., and it ran very slowly. 
One of the men was in such an intoxicated condition that 
his friends had difficulty in controlling him. He did 
finally escape them, went out on to the platform of the car, 
and the steps being filled with men sitting there, he de- 
liberately dove out over their heads. The train ran 
nearly a mile before it could be stopped, and backing to 
the spot, he could not be found, but when we arrived at 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 51 

Washington on the evening of the following day, there 
he was fresh as a daisy, waiting on the platform to receive 
us. In some way he had got a quicker train. 

We arrived at Harrisburg about noon where we had 
refreshments, then we continued on to York, where there 
were long delays, also many beer saloons. Some of the 
men got scattered and guards were sent out to round 
them up. As it was, we left a few behind. We reached 
the outskirts of Baltimore at eleven o'clock at night, 
staying in the cars outside the city till morning. Recol- 
lecting the warm reception given by the mob to the 6th 
Massachusetts some time previous, orders were given the 
men to load with ball cartridge, to be prepared in case of 
trouble in passing through the city. We were drawn 
through the streets of the city in the cars by horses, 
reaching the depot on the other side without having the 
least trouble. We started for Washington at about ten 
o'clock in the morning, passing the Relay House and 
Annapolis Junction, and arrived at half past five, very 
nearly exhausted from want of sleep. We slept in 
barracks that night on the Capitol grounds. 

In the morning we marched about a mile and a half 
to the northeast of the Capitol, on very high ground over- 
looking the city, where we made our camp, and where in 
all directions many other camps of Infantry, Artillery and 
Cavalry could be seen. We were temporarily attached to 
Baker's Brigade, and on Saturday, August 31, with the 
Brigade, marched to the Capitol, up Pennsylvania 
Avenue, and passed in review before President Lincoln 
at the White House. He appeared to us just like 
the pictures we had seen of him, being tall, lank and lean, 
with a plain but kindly face which seemed much troubled 
with the grave responsibilities resting upon him. He was 
dressed in black and held his tall silk hat in his hand. 
We gave him a marching salute and passed on, with a 
still stronger resolution in our hearts than we had before, 



52 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS BEGIMENT [April, 

that we must do our very utmost to help him out in the 
coming great struggle for the preservation of the Union. 

We were very much surprised and disappointed in 
the appearance of Washington. The Capitol, while mas- 
sive and imposing, was at that time unfinished, as were 
the grounds about it. The streets were muddy and un- 
kept, and it was a common thing to see pigs rooting 
around through them. Pennsylvania Avenue was the 
principal street, but its only redeeming feature was its 
width. At this time, everything was given over to the 
troops. All the parks and vacant spaces were filled with 
temporary structures, tents, artillery, army wagons and 
everything that goes to make up the outfit of an army, 
which army was not really organized till some months 
later. On Sundays we generally had inspection and held 
religious services. 

Monday, September 2, the Brigade was reviewed by 
General Benjamin F. Butler, who was not at that time 
held in the very highest esteem by many of .the citizens 
of our State. A chronicler states that " as he and his 
staff, mounted, passed along the line, cheers were given 
him by the different regiments, with one exception, which 
regiment remained silent." There was but -one Massa- 
chusetts regiment in the Brigade. 

That night orders were received to get ready to march 
the next morning to Fort Corcoran, Arlington Heights, 
Virginia. We left camp at about nine o'clock in the 
morning of the next day, which was very hot and dusty. 
Not yet being in trim, and having so much to carry, the 
march was terribly hard on us, and many of the men fell 
out, overcome by the heat. We had frequent halts for 
rest, and managed to pull through the ten miles after a 
fashion. We crossed the Potomac over Long Bridge and 
found ourselves at last on the "sacred soil" of Virginia. 

This soil of Virginia is principally red and yellow 
loam, and on a hot day the roads would be ankle deep in 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 53 

the very finest dust, but when it rained it formed a sticky, 
clinging, slippery mud, varying at times, in depth from 
six inches up to the hubs of the wheels of an army wagon, 
changing in an exceptionally short time from mud to 
dust ; if we didn't have the orre, we always had the other, 
but without any question, the mud was more in evidence. 

We marched up the south bank of the river and 
arrived at our destination at about four o'clock in the 
afternoon. Exhausted as we were, we managed to pitch 
our tents, and later had our supper and turned in for the 
night, hoping we shouldn't have such another march for 
some days to come. Some of the men were so disabled 
from "sun stroke" that it was many days before they 
were ready for duty. A cousin of mine, Edward F. 
Richards, emphatically remarked " I shall carry a knap- 
sack no more." We smiled, somewhat, at this very 
forcible declaration, and said " we cannot very well see 
how you are going to avoid it." But sure enough, it so 
happened that he was right, for within a few days he was 
made " Quartermaster Sergeant" of the regiment and had 
a horse to ride, and later on was "Acting Quartermaster." 
This I was very glad of, on my own account, as well as 
his, for the position was such that he was able to do me 
many little favors. 

Our camp was on Arlington Heights, very near 
Fort Corcoran, which was about on the spot where Fort 
Myers is to-day. There was a beautiful view across the 
Potomac of the City of Washington. Aqueduct Bridge, 
connecting Georgetown with the Virginia shore, was very 
near to us. 

September 8, Sunday, we had an inspection and were 
assigned to General Martindale's Brigade. 

General Martindale was a New York lawyer. He 
was a fine appearing officer and took great interest, and 
did his utmost in looking after the " well-being" of the 
officers and men, by whom he was very much liked. In 



54 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT. [April, 

addition to the regular camp duties, we worked on the 
fortifications in the vicinity of our camp. It should be 
understood that the officers and men of our regiment, as 
well as all other troops, were somewhat green at this 
time, for which reason many things were done which 
need not have been, and many things not done which 
should have been, but we were gradually learning the 
duties and life of the soldier, and as time went on and we 
got to know how to take care of ourselves, things were 
much more agreeable in many respects. 

One night we were suddenly awakened and very 
much startled by the beating of the "long roll" and orders 
to fall quickly into line on the parade ground; so we 
tumbled out, nervously inquiring of each other " what 
was up," but no one seemed to know. Each company 
was marched double quick out on the line, and we thought 
surely the enemy must be upon us. It was so dark that 
we got a little mixed up and were not all facing the 
same way, but we finally got straightened out, and were 
anxiously peering to the front looking for the foe, when 
Colonel Barnes came along the line, and dismisssed us, 
saying "you did very well for the first time, I only 
wished to test you in case of an emergency." This un- 
doubtedly was a good thing to teach the regiment, to be 
ready for business at all times, but it should not be done 
too often, as it was our fortune to know on many occa- 
sions that " the wolf did come." 

Wednesday, September u, in the afternoon, while 
working on intrenchments about a mile from Fort Cor- 
coran, heavy cannonading was heard up the river; we 
were immediately ordered to camp and under arms, but 
were not needed. This proved to be an attack by the 
enemy on the Union forces at Chain Bridge, resulting 
in the Confederates being driven back five miles, and in 
the taking of a number of prisoners. 

On the following Saturday our pickets were driven 



1903.] SCHOOLS IN NEEDHAM. 55 

in and a number of Union houses were burned. Our 
regiment was out in line of battle awaiting orders. On 
Sunday, for the first time, a detail from the regiment went 
on picket about three or four miles out from camp. Three 
days picket duty came to be very much desired by the 
men, as they preferred to be out on the line where there 
was more or less excitement, than to remain to do camp 
duty or to work in the trenches. 

Tuesday, the 17th, our Brigade was reviewed by 
General McClellan, the great organizer and commander 
of the Army of the Potomac, of which we became a part. 
We were destined to remain with it, a participant in most 
of its battles, sharing in its defeats and victories for the 
full term of three years for which we were enlisted. 

(To be continued.) 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS IN NEEDHAM*. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL. B. 
( Continued from page 18.) 

Theodore Mann of Wrentham taught in Needham five 
weeks in 1735-6, perhaps in the East as John Fisher was to 
pay him. From 1735-42 £1 per week, old tenor, was the 
usual wages of a male teacher if he boarded himself. All 
through the Provincial period a man who taught in Needham 
received at least twice as much as did a woman, and his board 
was reckoned as worth in like proportion. 

Early in 1737-8 Josiah Newell, Jr., of a well known 
Needham family, had a school in the East for two months. 

In the selectmen's records is a grant of £13 to Peter 
Vialas of Dedham for teaching three months and one week, viz., 
part of December, 1738, and all of January and February, and 
part of March following. Mr. Vialas was engaged by the 

1 In the fourteenth line on page 13 of the January Register for May 16, 
1727, read May 16, 1726. 



56 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [April, 

selectmen, March 20, 1740-1, to keep school one month at the 
house of Jeremiah Fisher. He (Mr. Vialas) taught in Need- 
ham three months in 1742-3. 

Mr. Vialas taught three months in the winter of 1743-4, 
and boarded with Ensign Thomas Fuller (Centre), and perhaps 
with Jonathan Huntting for a time. Mr. Yialas was granted 
March 11, 1744-5, £7 for keeping school one month and 
boarding himself. In March, 1746, he taught one month, 
three months each in the winters of 1752-54, boarding with 
John Fuller in January and February 1753, and with Ensign 
Thomas Fuller five weeks, and with James Smith (East) later 
that year. The next year he was at the house of Jesse Kings- 
bury (Wellesley) two weeks, and at that of Ensign Thomas 
Fuller two weeks. On April 8, 1755, Mr. Vialas had kept 
school sixteen weeks " Ending with this pressent Date." He 
boarded with Timothy Kingsbery, Jr., (East) live weeks and 
four days, and with Nathaniel Fisher two weeks and one day. 

On May 13, 1756, the selectmen granted £2, 12 s., 8 d. 
to the administrator or heirs " of m r - Peter Vialas of Hopkin- 
ton our Late School Master Deceased " for his teaching seven 
weeks and four days last winter. He boarded with David 
Smith (Wellesley). Either this season or the preceding one 
he boarded three weeks with John Alden (Upper Falls) and a 
short time with John Kingsbury. Mr. Vialas was probably a 
successful teacher, as he usually received the highest price then 
paid by Needham for such services. " April, 21. 1756. Early 
in y e . morning Peter Vialas (of Hopkinton) died." (Church 

records). 

Jonathan Townsend, Jr., (Harvard 1741, A. M.) a minor 
and one of the sons of the Rev. Jonathan Townsend, A. M., 
kept school two months in January and February, 1738-9, and 
five weeks later in the year. He was subsequently the minister 
at Medfield. 

A son of Jonathan Smith taught one month in 1741. Mr. 
Smith lived in what is now Wellesley. 



1903.] IN NEEDHAM. 57 

From 1733-41 £20 was the usual annual grant 1 for 
schools. In 1741 the people on the other side of Natick 
Brook had a share of the school appropriation, and used it. 

In 1742 the appropriation was £30, old tenor, and in 1743 
£32. 

William How taught two months late in 1743 for £8. A 
school master boarded with Samuel Parker (West) six weeks 
in 1743, and four weeks with Joseph Daniell (Wellesley 
Hills). 

Mrs. Mary Day of Dedham kept school three months in 
the summer of 1744, and one month late in 1746. She also 
taught several months in 1746 at the house of Jeremiah Fisher. 

Joseph Greenwood taught three months in the year prior 
to March 11, 1744-5. He perhaps boarded with Timothy 
Kingsbery, Jr., (East) seven weeks, and with Joseph Daniell 
five weeks. The next winter he taught nine weeks for £1 per 
week, and may have been the master who boarded with Josiah 
Woodard (Woodward) one month. 

On May 20, 1745, £50 were appropriated, £20 "of it to 
be laid out for a School Dame and the other thirty pounds to be 
laid out for a School Master." 

In the summer of 1745 Mrs. Hannah Coller, wife of 
Joseph, had a school one month. She was the widow Hannah 
Horton when she married Coller November 10, 1732. She 
also taught one month in 1748, one month in the summer of 
of 1750, two months in the summer of 1751, one month in 
1752. In the summer of 1762, being then a widow, she 
taught fourteen weeks, in the summer of 1763 she taught six 
weeks " in the School House near Ebenezer Fishers," and 
boarded with Mrs. Sarah Bacon, and also eight weeks " in the 
School House" at the Great Plain, boarding with Ebenezer 

*As the writer is preparing an account of the " School Land " in the Spring- 
field Parish, Dover, no mention has been made of it, as there is no record of 
any income from it in the early times. It was the first gift for the benefit of the 
Needham schools, and a very important one. Mr. Timothy Dwight of Dedham 
was the donor in 1717, and the town sold the land, thirty-four acres more or less, 
in 1902, to be a part of the Cheney estate. 



58 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [April, 

Skinner. Mrs. Coller kept school twenty-four weeks in 1764, 
during eight of which she boarded with Eliphalet Kingsbury, 
six weeks with Ebenezer Huntting, and eight with Ensign 
Lemuel Pratt. She taught sixteen weeks in 1765, and also 
one month that year M in y e School House near M r Ebenezer 
Fisher's " (South). For a time in 1765 she boarded with Capt. 
Eleazer Kingsbery (Upper Falls). 

Mrs. Coller boarded with Lieut. Ebenezer Fisher two 
months in the summer of 1766 while teaching at the school 
house near by (South), and the previous summer she boarded 
with John Edes (Wellesley). In 1766 she boarded six weeks 
with Jonathan Smith (Wellesley). In 1768 she taught twenty- 
two weeks, and boarded four weeks with Eliphalet Kingsbury 
while teaching at his house in the summer, and with Caleb 
Kingsbury (Centre) one month, and with Capt. Eleazer Kings- 
bery one month. In 1769 she boarded with Capt. Caleb 
Kingsbury six weeks while teaching at the school house near 
Metcalfs (Centre). Mrs. Coller also taught seventeen weeks 
in 1769 (treasurer) and she had a school twelve weeks in 1770 
in Wellesley. That summer she boarded with Jonathan 
Whittemore, Jr., one month. The next year she taught at 
the Great Plain school house twelve weeks for £3, 4 s., and 
boarded herself, and in 1771 she probably also had a school 
three months or longer (town treasurer, which official did not 
date his payments). This latter item is distinct from the others 
and found only in the treasurer's book. In the summer of 
1772 she had a school four weeks at Samuel Daggett's, four at 
Oliver Mills's, and eight at Eliphalet Kingsbury's, and boarded 
in the houses where she taught; in the summer of 1773, she 
kept school in the Brick School house (Forest Street) twelve 
weeks for £2, and boarded with Capt. Caleb Kingsbury. 

On February 29, 1747-8, the selectmen granted £6 to 
Deacon Eleazer Kingsbery and Josiah Newell, Jr., " for their 
Going to Boston upon the account of the Town Being prosecuted 



1903.] IN NEEDRAM. 59 

for not Keeping a Schoole,"and to Samuel Woodward £28 for 
teaching two months " this year." 

John Fullei taught one month ending in March, 1747, 
also five weeks in the winter of 1753-4. The appropriation for 
schools was £50 in each of the years 1744-47, '49. 

Hannah, the wife of the Dea. Jeremiah Woodcock, had a 
school six weeks in 1747 and also in 1748 ; and one month in 
the summer of 1749. Dea. Woodcock married for his second 
wife, Hannah, daughter of Edward Ward, May 25, 1742. 

The wife of Matthias Ockinton taught four weeks in 1747. 
In 1748 the town granted £80 for the schools, and in 1750, 
'52, '55-58, £13, 6 s., 8 d., " Lawfull Money." Abijah 
Thurston (Harvard, 1749) was the school master two months 
" Ending this Week," February 27, 1748-9, and apparently 
boarded with Dea. Timothy Kingsbery for a time, and then 
with Timothy Kingsbery, Jr., both dwellers in the East. 

Amos Adams (Harvard 1752, A. M. later a minister) 
taught six weeks in 1749-50, perhaps boarded by Samuel Bacon 
(East), and also taught five weeks in 1750 or '51, and from 
December 3, 1751, to February 6, 1751-2, and boarded half of 
the time with Timothy Kingsbery, Jr. , and the other half with 
Nathaniel Fisher. 

Mrs. Esther Fisher had a school ten weeks in the summer 
of 1750, and boarded five weeks with Jonathan Smith, Jr., 
(West). She may also have taught in 1752 (town treasurer's 
book) . 

Abial Cook taught one month in the summer of 1750, and 
Elizabeth Wheaton one month. Abiel Cook married Samuel 
Parker, April 11, 1751. 

Jonas Clark (Harvard 1752, A. M.), afterward the noted 
minister of Lexington, kept school six weeks in 1750-1, and 
for a time later in that winter. A male teacher boarded with 
John Fisher, Esq., (South) in 1750-1. Unless the record 
gives the name of the teacher all reference to boarding places 
will in most instances be omitted. 



60 ALDIS FAMILY. [April, 

In 1751 the town grant for schools was £20 (lawful 
money), in 1753 £15, 14 s. On May 15, 1755, the town 
granted to Deacon Josiah Newell £1, 16 s. to pay "Mary 
Aldrich Formerly Mary Wheat " for thirteen weeks school < ' in 
Needham abought y e year 1751." 

The wife of Samuel Gay taught one month in the summer of 
1751. Samuel Gay married Elizabeth Woodward, January 23, 
1752 : both of Needham. 

On March 9, 1752, the town voted not to defer "the 
Building of School-Houses " to the May meeting, but took no 

further action. 

(To be continued.) 



THE ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. 
Compiled by Frederick H. Whitin, 

a Descendant of the Ninth Generation. 
( Continued from page 24.) 

3. John 2 Aldis (Nathan 1 ) died at Dedham on 
December 21, 1700 (I. 28). He married there on Septem- 
ber 27, 1650 (I. 126), Sarah Eliot, a daughter of Col. 
Philip Eliot, of Roxbury. She was baptised at Nazing, 
England, on January 25, 1629 (New Eng. Hist, and Gen. 
Reg. VIII. 281, XXVIII. 145), and died at Dedham on 
April 17, 171 1 (I. 37)*. John Aldis and Sarah, his wife, 
were admitted to the Church, December 29, 1650 (III. 32). 
By deed dated June 15, 1661 (Suffolk Deeds, VII. 323), 
they join the other heirs in disposing of the Roxbury 
land of " Deacon Philip Eliot." By a deed of gift, July 
18, 1695 (Suffolk Deeds, XX. 118), John Aldis, Senior, of 
Dedham, yeoman, gave unto his son, Daniel Aldis of 
Dedham, yeoman, sundry Dedham lands in consideration 

*Savage (I. 24) is in error in assigning the date 1686 for the death of 
Sarah (Eliot) Aldis, which was that of Sarah 4 (Daniel*), proof of which is 
in deed of gift cited. 



1903.J ALDIS FAMILY. 61 

of filial duty, etc., unto him and " Sarah, his wife, mother 
of said Daniel Aldis." Administration "of the estate of 
his father" was granted to John Aldis, June 26, 1702 
(Suffolk Prob. XIV. 358). The property was inventoried 
at ,£233.5.6. including house and land near bridge, £2$ ; 
and Vine Rock land ^58. John Farnsworth and Gershom 
Hobart (Hubbard), of Groton, Nathaniel Richards and 
Daniel Aldis, of Dedham, heirs to the estate of Deacon 
John Aldis, give quit claim unto "our brother John Aldis, 
administrator," September 5, 1703 (Suffolk Deeds, XXI. 
3&3> 384)- Issue, recorded in Dedham : — 

4. 1. Sarah 3 , b. June 9, 1652 (I. 5). 

5. 11. John 3 , b. Feb. 12, 1655 (I. 6 ) 

6. in. Mary 3 , b. Nov. 29, 1657 (I. 7). 

iv. Nathaniel 3 , b. Aug. 1, 1659 (I. 7) ; d. Feb. 7, 1661 (I. 8). 

7. v. Daniel 3 , b. Aug. 3, 1661 (I. 8). 

vi. Nathaniel 3 , b. March 6, 1664 (I. 9) ; d. Aug. 5, 1683 (I. 
20). 

8. vii. Hannah 3 , b. July 4, 1666 (I. 10.) 

4. Sarah 3 Aldis (John 2 , Nathan}) bapt. Dedham, 
June 12, 1653 (I. 2)i)\ died Groton, Mass., April 14, 1712; 
married at Dedham, April 26, 1675 (I. 14) Gershom Hub- 
bard, son of the Rev. Peter Hubbard, of Hingham, born 
Hingham (?), December, 1675, died Groton, December 
19, 1707. Graduate of Harvard, 1667. See One Thous- 
and Years of Hubbard History (1896), page 155. Issue: — 

1. Gershom. 4 

11. Shebuel. 4 

hi. Rebecca. 4 

iv. Nehemiah. 4 

v. Joanna. 4 

vi. Peter 4 , 

vii. Hepzcbah. 4 

viii. Ruth. 4 

5. John 3 Aldis (John 2 , Nathan 1 ) was baptised at 
Dedham, February 18, 1654-5 (II. 24), and died at Rox- 
bury, March 18, 1736 (Town Records). He married at 



62 ALDIS FAMILY. [April, 

Wrentham, May 23, 1682, Mary Winchester (Town 
Records ; New Eng. Hist, and Gen. Reg. IV. 85). She 
was probably the widow of the Jonathan 2 Winchester 
{John 1 ), who joined the Roxbury Church, 1677, and died 
there 1679. Mary, Widow Winchester, was received into 
full communion, 1681 (Boston Rec. Com. VI. 93, 95, 183). 
Hannah, the third child of John and Mary (Winchester) 
Aldis, was baptised at the Roxbury Church, August 30, 
1687 (page 142). 

John 3 , as the eldest son, probably received the land at 
Wrentham, which had come to his father as a Dedham 
proprietor. He remained at Wrentham but five years 
after his marriage when he removed to Roxbury, settling 
in that part which was close to the Dedham line (Suffolk 
Deeds, XXI. 381), so while called "of Roxbury," the 
births of the younger children are recorded at Dedham, 
to which town he also paid taxes. The James Draper 
family were similarly situated and so probably neighbors, 
which would account for the intermarriages. 

By a deed signed December 30, 1701, John Helledis 
of Roxbury, husbandman, tranferred the eightieth lot 
" being his father — John Alldess" and the seventieth lot 
" being his grandfather's, Nathan Alldess," signed " John 
Alldis (Suffolk Deeds, XXXIX. 143). 

By a deed of gift dated March 10, 1721 (Suffolk 
Deeds, XXXV. 269), John Aldis "in consideration of 
natural love and fatherly affection" gave " unto my well 
beloved only son, Nathan Aldis, of Roxbury, Husband- 
man," various lands. Nathan Aldis executed a bond for 
^500 of the same date (Suffolk Deeds, XXXVIII. 171), in 
connection therewith, by which he was " firmly bound 
unto John Aldis, of Roxbury, my father," and " upon the 
death of Mary Aldis, the mother," to pay unto Hannah 
Man and Abigail Draper, daughters of John Aldis, unto 
James Draper his son-in-law, and unto Ebenezer Perry 
and John Perry, grandsons. " Between said Nathan 



9. 


i. 


10. 


ii. 


11. 


in. 


12. 


IV. 


13. 


V. 




VI. 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 63 

Aldis, Hannah Man & Abigail Draper, the brother, the 
two sisters," etc. Issue : — 

Sarah 4 , recorded, Wrentham, b. Feb. 26, 1683. 

Nathan 4 ,* do. b. May 11, 1685. 

Hannah 4 . do. b. Feb. 19, 1687. 

Rachal 4 , recorded, Dedham, b. March 15, 1690 (I. 23). 

Abigail 4 (no birth record found). 

Ruth 4 , recorded Dedham, b. Aug. 14, 1695 (I. 26), probably 
died unmarried before 1721, for neither she nor grand- 
children that might have been her children, are mentioned 
in the deed of gift. 

6. Mary 3 Aldis (John 2 , Nathan 1 ) died after 1727. 
She married at Dedham, February 21, 1679 (I. 17) 
Nathaniel Richards, son of Edward and Susan (Hunting) 
Richards, born, Dedham, January 25, 1648 ; died, Dedham, 
February 15, 1727. See Morse's Gen. Register (1861), III. 
123. Issue, recorded at Dedham: — 

1. Nathaniel 4 , b. Nov. 2, 1679 ; d. Oct 25, 1747. 

11. Jeremiah 4 , b. March 30, 1681 ; m. Hannah Fisher, 

in. James 4 , b. Feb. 24, 1683 ; m. Hannah Metcalf. 

iv. Edward 4 , b. Sept. 18, 1684 ; m. Sarah Wheeler, 

v. William 4 , b. Dec. 16, 1687 ; d. Jan. 8, 1702. 

vi. Mary 4 , b. Feb. 28, 1691 ; m. John Totman. 

vii. Dorcas 4 , b. April 21, 1696 ; d. Jan. 19, 1702. 

viii. Elizabeth 4 , b. Dec. 3, 1699. 

7. Daniel 3 Aldis {John 2 , Nathan 1 ) died at Dedham, 
January 21, 1718 (I. 44); married there November 23, 1685 
(I. 21), Sarah Paine, dau. of Stephen and Ann (Chicker- 
ing) Paine, born at Rehoboth, Oct. 12, 1666, died at Ded- 
ham, December 16, 1733 (I. 59). Daniel Aldis was 
" deacon " as were his father and grandfather, — the date of 
election is unobtainable. He was elected constable, 1695 
(V. 230). In his will dated January 19, 17 18, he gives unto 
" my beloved wife Sarah Aldis," " my son-in-law William 

*Nathan is recorded " Ethau " on the Wreatharn Records, the capital 
letter being very distinct, hence was so copied. See New Eng. Hist, and 
Gen. Reg. IV. 83, and Dedham Hist. Reg. IV. 86. 



64 ALDIS FAMILY. [April, 

Bacon," " my daughter Anna, wife of Jonathan Onion of 
the Clapboard Tree Lands in Dedham, husbandman," 
" my grandson William Bacon son of the before named 
William Bacon " (Suffolk Probate XX. 332). The inven- 
tory of the real estate "of Deacon Daniel Aldis" (XXX. 
177) amounted to about ^1200, including the house lot 
valued at ,£355. Issue, recorded in Dedham : — 

1. Sarah 4 , b. Oct. 16, 1686 (I. 22); d. Nov. 12, 1686 (I. 20). 

11. Daniel 4 , b. Dec. 2, 1687 (I. 22) ; d. March 8, 1688 (I. 21). 

14. in. Ann 4 , b. Aug. 21, 1692 (I. 24). 

15. iv. Sarah 4 , b. Aug. 27, 1695 (I. 26). 

The date of death of Sarah (Paine) Aldis does not 
agree with that given by Savage. His error is now clear. 
He also gives Sarah Paine as probably a dau. of Moses of 
Braintree. The Paine Records give her parentage as 
above, which is confirmed by a receipt signed by Daniel 
Aldis of Dedham, Sept. 26, 1700, for a legacy in which he 
is called brother-in-law of Benjamin Paine, late of Bristol, 
dec'd (Bristol Prob. Rec. II. 26). See Paine Family 
Records (1880), pages 21 and 124, chart 1. 

8. Hannah 3 Aldis {John 2 , Nathan 1 ) married Decem- 
ber 8, 1686, at [ ], John Farnsworth, son of Matthia 
Farnsworth, b. 1651-2, died at Groton, October 17, 1729. 
Will dated October 13, 1729. See Farnsworth Memorial 
(1897), P a £ e IJ 8. Issue, born at Groton : — 

I. Abigail 4 , Oct. 17, 1687 ; m. April 10, 1713, Ephraim Saw- 

tell, of Concord. 

II. John 4 , Dec. 1, 1689 ; d. Sept. 19, 1703. 

in. Daniel 4 , May 11, 1692 ; m. Nov. 20, 1725, Widow Abigail 

Shedd. 
iv. Nathan 4 , March 13, 1696 ; d. Aug. 4, 1753. 
v. Joseph 4 , Feb. 26, 1698; m. at Concord, May 5, 1727, 

Rebecca Gibson, of Sudbury, 
vi. Jeremiah 4 , March 24, 1701 ; m. Sarah Gilson. 
vii. Hannah 4 , July 21, 1702; m. May 29, 1721, Ebenezer 

Prescott. 



1903.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 65 

viii. Rachel 4 , Dec. 8, 1704; m. Aug. 24, 1728, Ebenezer 

Hartwell, of Concord, 
ix. Sarah 4 , Nov. 20, 1707 ; m. 1728, Samuel Hartwell. 

9. Sarah 4 Aldis (John* [5], John 2 , Nathan 1 ) died at 
Roxbury (?) March 10, 17 16. She married at Roxbury, 
May 30, 1 7 10 (Town Records), Thomas Perry, son of 
Samuel and Sarah (Stedman) Perry, born Sept. 1, 1680. 
See " Memoranda of Descendants of Perry," etc. (Cincin- 
nati), 1878. Issue : — 
1. Ebenezer 5 . 

11. Nathaniel 5 . 

iii. John 5 . 

iv. Oliver 5 . 

v. Joseph 5 . 

(To be continued.) 



THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

( Continued from page 27.) 

Mary Frances Gragg commenced teaching as assistant in 
the Dedham High School, Sept. 1857, doing very acceptable 
work for five years. Then she held a similar position in the 
Roxbury High for six years. She was the daughter of Moses 
and Rebecca Newell (Alden) Gragg, born in Milton, June 30, 
1839, and was educated in the Roxbury Grammar and High 
Schools. In 1868, Sept. 7, she was married to Henry White 
Richards. For a short term she was a member of the Dedham 
School Committee. She died Aug. 14, 1880. 

During a part of the School year, 1858-9, Abby Jane 
Ellis had charge of the fourth class of the South Dedham 
School. Later she taught in the Gridley School, South Canton, 
three years, 1862 to 1865 ; then again five years, 1872 to 1877 : 
the Ponkapoag School two years, 1877-1879 : and as assistant in 
the Canton High School one term, 1871. She was the daughter 



66 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. [April, 

of William and Jane (Endicott) Ellis, born in Canton, April 1, 
1841 ; was educated at the Bridge water Normal School. She 
was married to George H. Snow in Canton, Jan. 1, 1865 ; was 
Librarian of Canton Public Library three years, 1879 to 1882, 
in which year she died on the ninth day of November. 

Hannah M. Lealand was a teacher in the Centre School, 
1858-9, of the primary division. She was the daughter of 
Charles and Caroline Lealand, born Dec. 10, 1838, in Dedham, 
where she died Oct. 26, 1861. She received a diploma at the 
High School for the three years' course. 

From 1858 to 1862 Abbie Ellis Tisdale taught in the 
primary and intermediate grades of the South Dedham School. 
She is the daughter of Oileus Aurelius and Louisa (Harding) 
Tisdale, born in Walpole, April 1, 1840, and educated in the 
Walpole Corner and West Dedham Schools. Before teaching 
in this town she was employed one winter term, 1857-8, in 
the lower division of the North School of Medfield. She now 
resides in Worcester, Mass. 

John Oliver Winslow Paine was master of the Readville 
School, winter of 1858-9. He is the son of Abner and Com- 
fort Paine, born in Charlestown, Maine, Jan. 16, 1838 ; 
educated in Corinth Academy, Me., Charlestown Academy and 
the Dedham High School, entering Dartmouth College in 1858. 
He studied law in Bangor, Me., where he taught school 1860- 
61 ; also in Oldtown 1863-4. He entered the U. S. army as 
2d Lieut., Co. D, 14th Reg., Maine Vols., in 1861 ; was pro- 
moted 1st Lieut., 1862, resigned on account of disability, 1863 ; 
re-enlisted and was Capt. Co. E, 14th Reg. Maine Vols., 1865, 
and served till close of the war ; was Provost Judge of South 
District of Georgia, 1865 : settled in Ottawa, Kas.,1867, and was 
Dist. Att'y. of Franklin County, Kas., two terms. He is now, 
1902, practising his profession in San Diego, Cal. Captain 
Paine married in 1869, Jane Price McKinley in Ottawa, 
Kansas; in 1886, Anna B. Crofts in San Diego, California. 



1903.] STOUGHTON HAM DEATHS. 67 

Juliet Frances Sumner was a teacher in the South Dedham 
School about two years, 1859 to 1861, having previously taught 
in Poxboro, her birthplace. She is the daughter of Henry 
Harvey and Experience (Robinson) Sumner, born March 7, 
1837; studied at Hopkinton Academy; and graduated at 
Wheaton Seminary in 1855. After leaving Dedham, to care 
for an invalid mother, she opened a private school in Foxboro, 
and later taught again in the public schools there. In 1871 she 
commenced teaching in the Felton School, Cambridgeport, but 
resigned in 1874, and on May 14 of that year was married to 
Thomas Lewis and went to reside in Cambridgport, for a while 
carrying on a private school there. In 1882 they returned to 
Foxboro where she was soon elected to the school committee 
and served as their secretary for nine years. 

Henry Hastings Kimball was master of the East Street 
School the winter of 1860-61. He is the son of Isaac and 
Lucinda (Tenny) Kimball of Temple, N. H., born Sept. 1, 
1835, and was educated at Ipswich Appelton Academy and 
Dartmouth College, graduating A. B. in 1860. His life devoted 
to teaching has been divided as follows : a year in South Can- 
ton ; a year and a half in Newton ; and from Sept., 1863, to 
Nov., 1892, submaster in the Boylston, and master of the 
Lincoln School, Boston. He is now engaged in business and 

resides in Boston. 

( To be continued.) 



DEATHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

Commencing with the minutes from the diary of the Rev d 

Philip Curtis, giving the names of the number 

who have died in the six years past. 

By William R. Mann. 

(Continued from page 34.) 

Anna Capen, dau. of John and Tiley, died April 26. 1819 in her 12 yr 

Anna French.dau. of James and Anna, died May 18 1819 in her 23 d yr 

Sidney Allen Morse, son. of Jacob and Rhoda died Jany 6, 1820, in 

his 9 th year. 



68 STOUGHTONRAM DEATHS. [April, 

Mr. Isaac Bird, died Jany. 16. 1820. aged 58 years 

Mary, widow of Israel Smith, died Feby 1 182- aged 86. 

Hitty, wife of Doct. Daniel Stone died April 4. 1811. in her 36 year 

Nancy Stone Bixby, died March 3. 1812, in her 33 d year. 

Lemuel Capen, died March 1. 1820. in his 47 year. 

Widow Sarah Bixby, died April 18 1814, in her 70 th year. 

Sophia, wife of Doct Daniel Stone, died March 18, 1820 aged 33 yrs 

Luther Holmes, died February 15 1821 in his 49 th year. 

Samuel Swift, died March 3, 1821. in his 50 th year. 

Mrs Relief Richards, wife of Capt. Thomas P. Richards died June 

22. 1821, aged 36 years. 
Mr. Thomas Coney, died July 12, 1821, aged 74. years. 
Miss Ruth, dau. of Dea. Joshua Whittemore and Ruth his wife died 

August 9. 1821, aged 22. years. 
Lieut Enoch Hewins, Died August 10. 1821. aged 80 years. 
Mr. Asa Willis, died August 14, 1821, aged 39 years 
Miss. Sarah Hewins Died August 13 th . 1820 aged 49. years 
A son of Jeremiah & Susanna Richards died Nov 3. 1809. aged 10 

days 
Enoch, son of Jeremiah & Susanna Richards died March 10 1816. 

aged 3 years 
Mr. Elijah Clark Died August 22. 1821, aged 35. years 
Elijah, son of Enoch and Susanna Holmes died Sept 3. 1821 aged 7 

weeks 
Mrs Mary, widow of Capt Lemuel Capen died Sept. 13. 1821 aged 73 

years 
Richard, son of Jacob and Rhoda Morse died Sept 15. 1821. aged 3 

yrs 
Sally, Dau. of Capt Richard and Hannah Hixson died Oct 7, 1821, 

aged 5 yrs 
John, son of Ensign John and Catherine Smith died Dec. 13, 1821, 

aged 17 yrs 
Mr. William Savells, Died Dec. 14, 1821, aged 63 years 
Mr. Ziba Plimpton Died Dec. 14 1821 

Mrs Nancy, wife of Major Elijah Capen died Dec. 16, 1821 
Miss Hannah, Dau of Mr Edward French died February 4, 1822, 

aged 30 years 
Mrs. Esther, widow of Lieut Amasa Hewins died April 23, 1822. 
Dau. of Capt Thomas P. Richards died June 6, 1822 aged 2 

years 



1903.] STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. 69 

Mrs. Chanty, wife of Mr. Abiel Drake, died May 10, 1822, aged 76 

years 
(Mary Clark) wife of Nathaniel Coney Died June 9, 1822. 
Mrs. Marcia, wife of Rev d Thomas Barrett Died June 12 1822, aged 

28 years 
An Infant of Mr. Enoch and Susanna Holmes died June 29, 1822. 
Miss Berthia Hubbard, Died July 2, 1822, aged 80 years 
Capt. Increase Hewins Died Sept. 26, 1822, aged 53 years 
Martha, Dau. of Lieut Barney and Anna Richards died Oct. 4. 1822. 

aged 4 years 
Samuel. Jr. Son of Lieut Samuel and Elizabeth Estey died Sept 18. 

18^2. aged 24 years 
Amos, Son of Enoch and Susanna Holmes died Octo 14. 1822. aged 

3 years 
Capt. Nathaniel Morse. Died October 17. 1822. aged 90 years 
Enoch, son of Philip and Lucy Hewins Died Oct. 18 1822. aged 6 

mo s 
Fanny, Dau. of Zebulon and Rachel Holmes died Oct 24. 1822. aged 

17 years 
Edwin, son of Hobbs and Sally Johnson died Dec. 20. 1822. aged 3 

mos. 
Mrs. Rachel, widow of Sylvanus Clark Died Dec 31. 1822 aged 79 

years 
Simon Gould . . . died January 4. 1823. aged 58 years 
Sukey, Dau. of Thomas Glover, died Feby 23. 1823 aged 32 years 
Mrs. Elizabeth, widow of the Rev d Philip Curtis d. March 11.1823 

aged 91 years 
Lucy, Dau. of Luther and Catherine Drake d. Oct. 10. 1822. aged 4 

years 
Charles, son of Luther and Catherine Drake, d Oct. 11. 1822. aged 8 

mos. 
Mr. Solomon Gay, Died June 8. 1823 aged 82 years. 
Mr. Israel Jr., son of Israel and Zipporah Smith d. June 29. 1823 

aged 21 yrs 
Betsey. Dau. of Widow Anna Swift died Aug. 10 1823. aged 17 years 
Dea. Joshua Whittemore died August 19. 1823. aged 61 years 
Mary, Dau of Silas and Betsey Bullard d. Aug. 24. 1823 aged 17 years 
Mrs Susanna., wife of Jabez Richards died Sept 17. 1823. aged 53 

years 
Mrs Hannah, wife of John Smith Novem 29. 1823. aged 70 years 



70 STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. [April, 

Mr. Hartford, son of Mr. Jonathan Billings died Nov. 30. 1823. aged 

40 years 
Mr. Chester, son of Mr. Ezra Gould, died. Dec 7. 1823. aged 29 years 
Miss Lois Gould, died April 15. 1824. 

Mrs. Ruth, wife of Mr. Benjamin Richards d. Sept 15. 1824 aged 47 

years 
Mrs. Rhoda, wife of Mr. Lemuel Drake, d. June 13. 1824 aged 45 

years 
Mr. Jason, son of Mr. Lemuel Drake died Aug — 1824. aged 24 years 
Mr. Abiel Drake died Nov. 13. 1824. aged 90. years. 
Mr. David White, Died January 10. 1825. aged 81 years 
Mrs Sally, wife of Hobbs Johnson. Died January 29. 1825 aged 30 

years 
Mr. Atherton Belcher, Died January 30. 1825 aged 62 years 
Mr. Joel, son of Mr. Joseph White Died February 18 1825 aged 24 

years 
Mr. Joseph Billings, Died March 22. 1825. in his 5$ year. 
Mr. Uriah Johnson, Died April 27. 1825 aged 50 years 
Mrs Mary, relict of the late Gilead Morse died April 27. 1825. aged 

82 years 
Mr Nathaniel Rhoades died Sept. 29. 1824. aged 45 years 
Mr. John Smith, Died May 26. 1825. aged 90 years. 
Mrs. Elizabeth, relict of the late Jabez Fisher died May 30. 1825. 

aged 83 years 
Dea. Benjamin Fairbanks, died August 23. 1825. aged 35. years. 
Mr. Elisha, son of Mr. Ransel Jones and Mrs Rhoda Jones died Sept. 

10. 1825. aged 19 years 
Mr. Joshua Rhoades. died Sept. 29. 1825 aged 62 years 
Mr. James Welch, died Oct. 13. 1825. aged 47 years. 
Mrs Lydia, wife of Mr. Joseph White died Oct. 25. 1825 aged 65 

years 
Miss Elizabeth Clark, died November 8. 1825. 
Miss Henrietta, dau. of Mr. Zebulon Waters died Nov. 10. 1825, aged 

16 years 
Hannah, dau of Jacob and Rhoda Morse, died Sept. 4. 1825. in her 

3 d year. 
Mr. Samuel Holmes, died Dec. 28. 1825. aged 62 years. 
Mr. Zebulon Holmes, died Dec. 31. 1825. aged 67 years. 

(To be continued. ) 



1903,] THE AMES DIARY. 71 

EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

( Continued from page 36.) 

January, 1807. 

Origin of Tithes to Ecclesiastics is fully display' d in Montesquieu's 
Spirit of Law 

About the year 800 Charlemagne finding the Clergy at a low ebb in- 
stead of fiefs as they had before been alternately invested with & then 
strip'd by successive kings, gave them the right to the tenths of their 
produce, as more appropriate to the meekness of public teachers of 
Christian piety than lordly domains with troops of Vassals to be often 
arrayed in war under command of a bishop! 

1. Selfridge's effigy hang'd in Boston. 

2. Sent Letter Seaver at Congress & Wm Duane Phil' a yesterday. 
Selfridg's promised trial not seen tho' it ended 26 h ult. 

5. All gapeing for Selfridge's trial, not yet publish'd! the edge of 
curiosity grows dull with time. 

7. 8 Upon News of Bonaparte's Decree blockading the British 
dominions &c: All Insurance stop'd in Boston. All Europe except 
England and Russia are now bowed before him an invincible conquerer 
but humane & generous hitherto, however some brand him as a tyrant 
which is not yet determin'd, for he only leads on the nation as yet, to 
chastise the tyrant invaders of France, to establish a firm Peace after 
which his Character whether Tyrant or Patron of his generation will be 
settled. He doth not seem like petty tyrants to exult in havoc, but in 
making all his conquests cooperate with the vast plans he has conceiv'd 
part of which is to curb the tyrants of the ocean and restore the rights 
of nations to unmolested neutral trade so that it seems very possible 
that after a general peace in Europe is settled Bone' may yet shine out 
greater than Alexander or any other hero as the greatest benefactor of 
all Nations by securing to all their common rights upon the ocean— 
And yet rival Washington nearly by convincing the people of the old 
world that they are not, in Right, however in fact, their own worst 
Enemies, and that they may yet render themselves capable of their own 
government, there, as Washington did here. 

10. Selfridge still hung in Effigy various places People grow in- 
dignant at the reign of Pettif ogarchy. 

15. Museum burnt & fall of Wall kill'd 6 Lads. 

24. Eb. Stowel died. 

26. Parish Meeting in Ct. House Vote to build New Meeting 
house & grant 16.000 dolls, to catch the goats. Soon after vote to build 
a new Meeting house by 47 to 36, & many neutrals standing by. Another 
subscription for a new meeting is circulated 

31. Selfridge and Chief Justice Parsons hung in effigy in divers 
parts of continent, New York, Salem, &c. 






72 THE AMES DIARY. 

February. 

1. Rec'd development of Burr's Consp. For Plot. 

2. Tyler offers 15 Acres of his houselot for 1200 d in Rox'y. 

3. Deliv'd Ex' on J. Harris vs. Ex' on Fuller to J. Guild D'Sh'ff 

4. Bonaparte subjected near all Europe and declares British domin- 
ions blockaded which strikes despair on American Merchants as Engl d 
will retaliate & stagnate trade awhile! ~No insurance in Boston. 

16. Jon Breck vs O. T. Wheelock before Townsend & me. 

17. All Bridges on Blackstone river swept off & 14 buildings at 
Patucet. fear dwelling houses and Mills. 

23. Parish meet to destroy M-house by majority of 3. 

March. 

16. Majority of 3 to destroy Meeting house. P. Meeting. 

17. Caucus Com ee wait on me. Pomp killed. 

19. M r Fred c Richards here. 

Altho by 2 different Caucus not knowing of each others projects, I 
am designated unanimously as a Senator of Norfolk, yet Jos. Swan 
takes pains to go thro' Dorchester to represent division not existing— 
lies! & succeeds against majority of County. 

31. Remarkably cold snow storms into April. Savage winter reigns 
wood & hay consum'd distress seizes Animals. 

April. 
12. Votes pub d for Gov r today, 1796 majority for Strong. Chronicle 
546 majority for Sullivan.— Palladium 909 majority for Sullivan. Centinel 
—1228 Democrat. 1748 Majority for Sullivan. Chronicle and 60 towns 
more which last year gave 1000 majority to Sullivan. 

18. 2174 majority for Sullivan today. 

20. Jem moved off W & goods to Canton, return' d himself. 

30. Jem gone off & no person to be hired I have nothing done 

not a seed sowed 

May. 

18. Moses Baker grafted sundry trees with Pear mains. Hired a 
Blake from Wrentham has a Wife at 5- p r day with pay her at 4 Blake 
begins at 15 month 

28. J. Sullivan Gov r . 

(To be continued.) 



Qrery 
7. Pidge. Who were the parents of Mary Pidge (widow), of 
Roxbury, Mass., who m. Michael Metcalf, Dedham, August 13, 1645 ; 
when and where was she born, and when and where did she die ? 

Bryce Metcalf. 



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PVBLiSMED BYTAE 



DEDHAM HISTORICAL .SOCIETY 

DEDrtAM, MASSACHVSETTSv 



Publishing Committee, 

DON GLEASON HILL, 

JOHN H. BURDAKIN, JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 



Business Manager, . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR JULY, 1903. 

ILLUSTRATION. 

He\iotype view, Dedham Village, 1817 . . . . . 73 

DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1817 73 

18TH MASS. REGIMENT VOL. INFANTRY IN THE 

REBELLION. (To be continued.) . Amasa Guild. 75 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To be continued.) 

Carlos Slafter. 83 

A FEW WORDS ABOUT SHARON ..... 86 

Eugene Tappan. 

ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640- 1800. (To be continued.) 

Frederick H. Whitin. 87 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, NEEDHAM, 

(To be continued.) George K. Clarke. 94 

THE AM E S DIARY, Extracts. ( To be continued. ) 

Edna F. Colder. 99 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) DEATHS. (To be continued.) 

William B. Mann. 100 

CHANDLER FAMILY 102 

Query: 8, Whiting 102 



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The Dedham Historical Register 



Vol. XLV. July, 1903. No. 3. 



DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1817. 

IV T EARLY a quarter of a century had elapsed since the 
establishment of Norfolk County; and many changes 
had taken place in the village which were likely to make 
it a busy place of affairs. In 1793 came the post office, 
the formation of the new County, the establishment of 
the Courts; in 1796 the newspaper "Columbian Minerva," 
the turnpike to Boston in 1802, and in 1814 the Dedham 
Bank. The number of stages had been increased, and 
trades brought in by the new conditions began to flourish. 
The heliotype view with this number of the Register 
follows a water-color sketch owned by the Dedham 
Historical Society, taken by Daniel Bingham in 181 7 
from the old Bingham House, now standing on East 
Street, near the Electric Light Station. Much effort has 
been made to identify the houses shown in the view ; and 
both the key to the. picture and the plan of the village 
are given to aid the reader. Valuable help has been 
gained from a plan of lands belonging to St. Paul's 
Church, which was made in 1817, and which gives with 
accurate detail the position of many houses in the village. 



74 



DEDHAM VILLAGE IN 1817. 



[July, 




j Si 7. * 



1903.] EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT. 75 

THE EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT 
VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN THE REBELLION, 

Together with some Personal Reminiscences. 

By Lieut. Amasa Guild, of Company F. 

( Continued from page 55.) 

September 20, 1861, a new flag-pole being- set, we raised 
our flag for the first time since leaving Readville. The 
band played, and General Martindale,who was a fine orator, 
made a patriotic speech. Our brigade was now assigned 
to General Fitz-John Porter's Division, and on Saturday, 
the 2 1st, that officer and the Prince de Joinville, a French 
nobleman, reviewed the Division. During the review a 
shower came up and we got drenched to the skin. 

On Monday, the 23d, the whole regiment went out 
about four miles on picket. This was the first experience 
the writer had of this kind of duty; he had charge of 
four posts, three men on a post, placed on a road running 
from Chain Bridge to Bailey's Cross Roads. A party 
went out scouting and saw a few of the enemy, but no 
shots were exchanged. 

Thursday, September 26, was " National Fast Day," 
on which day Company A arrived from Massachusetts. 
Company C was yet to come to make the number of 
companies up to ten, the complement. 1 

Friday night a heavy rain set in which lasted till 
morning; the water ran in rivers through the camp ; the 
men were routed out and there was not much sleep that 
night. I was fortunate enough to find a dry place in a 
wagon, where I slept till daylight. 

Our rations, at this time, were not what would be 
called satisfactory; perhaps there was no time during the 
war when a soldier felt that he had not the right to com- 
plain of his grub; the quantity was generally abundant, 
but the quality was hard to get accustomed to. 



76 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [July, 

The coffee was good, but was spoiled in the making, 
as it was difficult for the company cooks to get the clear- 
est of water, and then it was boiled in large iron kettles. 
Later each man made his coffee in his individual tin cup, 
and learned to be expert in the art, so that coffee became 
the mainstay of the army, and was made and drank at 
any and all hours of the day or night, and in all sorts of 
conditions and situations in which the men found them- 
selves, where a fire could be made. Turning into a 
field to camp for the night, hundreds of fires would be 
started, and in ten minutes the men would be drinking 
hot coffee. 

" Hard tack " was the principal bread we had issued 
to us through the war, although when in winter quarters 
we had soft bread a portion of the time. On occasions 
the " hard tack " was so hard that it had to be broken up 
before it could be eaten. At one time we had issued some 
very nice, brittle " hard tack," and we thought we were in 
luck, but at the end of the day's march we found nothing 
but crumbs in our haversacks ; we sometimes, however, 
struck the happy medium. As for meat, at this time, we 
had boiled beef, and frequently bean soup. 

The government tried to saddle on to the army a lot of 
salt beef, called by the soldiers " salt horse," which was 
said to have been lying in government store-houses; 
in brine, since the "War of 1812." The company 
cooks tried to get the salt out by boiling it three 
or four days, but too long companionship of the salt and 
beef had made them inseparable. The men could not eat 
it, and threw it away, so after awhile fresh beef and salt 
pork were issued, which rations continued throughout 
the war. 

But what a craving a soldier had for something to 
eat which was not on the regular bill of fare ; the princi- 
pal thing on his mind, from the time he rose in the morn- 
ing till he lay down to sleep at night, was something to 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 77 

eat that would be a change in his diet ; if he had money 
he would buy it, if not, he would beg for it, and if he 
could not get it that way — well, it has gone down in 
history how he obtained it. 

Our camp was frequented by colored men and women 
from the country about, who had for sale pies, cakes, 
fruit, etc. Peach pie seemed to be in the greatest 
demand, many of the boys making themselves ill by 
partaking of too much of a good thing. Many stories 
were circulated of people living in our vicinity, who sym- 
pathized with the South, as to poisoning the wells, and 
they were to a certain extent believed ; but the writer 
never knew of a man being poisoned; it was one of the 
many stories that went about at the time, in which there 
was no truth. 

Saturday we had orders to get ready to march. 
There was some excitement in camp as we surely thought 
we were to meet the enemy. We did not leave camp 
until about seven o'clock in the evening, when we 
marched about four miles to Ball's Cross Roads. It was 
very dark when we arrived, but we had orders to continue 
on to Hall's Hill, about two miles further. When we 
arrived there we found that the 9th Mass. had reached 
that point before us, had made their camp-fires and were 
to remain there for the night, and we were ordered to 
do the same. A detail was made up, in which I was in- 
cluded, to go on picket. We formed a skirmish line and, 
in the darkness, advanced about a quarter of a mile in the 
direction of the enemy, passing into a piece of thick 
woods which bordered the side of the hill. The Con- 
federates had occupied Hall's Hill the day previous. 

Just after midnight heavy musketry firing was heard 
about a quarter of a mile to our right, and we expected 
every moment to become engaged, but it soon died down, 
and when daylight came we were told that two of our 
regiments ran into each other in the dark, each mistak- 



78 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [July, 

ing the other for the enemy ; there were eight killed and 
twenty wounded. 

Sunday, the 29th, not having our tents, we made huts, 
which were of all kinds and shapes, to sleep in. The 
next day, being short of rations, some of the boys went 
out and killed a cow, and we had some nice, fresh beef 
for a change. 

Wednesday, October 2, our tents, knapsacks, and 
other equipments were brought up from Fort Corcoran, 
and the camp, named for our Colonel, Camp Barnes, was 
laid out on the top of the hill. Hall's Hill was a Very ex- 
tended, level plateau, bare of trees except on its southern 
and western slopes, and was an ideal camp during the 
summer months ; but as we were destined to remain here 
until the following spring, we found the winter months 
very trying. There was no protection whatever from the 
cold winds and snow which would sweep across the hill ; 
on many occasions tents would be blown down, and it 
was impossible for the men to keep comfortable. Why 
we remained on this exposed spot through the winter I 
never was able to ascertain, but presume it was 
owing to the inexperience of some of the higher 
officers of the army, who had to learn their lesson as well 
as the men whom they commanded. We had a fine 
parade ground in front of our camp, large enough for a 
thousand men, on the further side of which were the 
guard tents where we erected a tall flag pole, and flung 
our large camp flag to the breeze, in full sight of the 
enemy, who were just beyond Fall's Church, about two 
miles away. 

Munson's Hill, some distance beyond Hall's Hill, 
was taken by some of our troops without firing a shot : 
it was supposed to be strongly fortified by the Rebels, but 
like many other stories it proved to be a myth. 

From this time on it was drill, drill, drill, from morn- 
ing till night. There was squad drill, non-commissioned 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 79 

officer's drill, company drill, battalion drill, guard mount- 
ing and dress parade ; and we were in luck if we were 
detailed for a three day's picket. However, we became 
one of the finest drilled regiments in the army, and it 
proved later on, in many ways, that it was all for our good, 
and that Colonel Barnes knew best what was needed. 

On Saturday, Sherman's regular battery shelled the 
woods beyond Fall's Church to try the range of their 
pieces; it was interesting to watch the bursting of the 
shells. 

October 10, a member of Company G died in the 
hospital ; he was the first man the regiment lost by death. 
The 2d Maine was in our brigade, and was camped on 
the hill just at our right. This regiment, commanded by 
Colonel Roberts, was one of the bravest and finest in the 
Army of the Potomac; they, and the 18th were always 
particularly friendly. 

Sunday, October 13, the 226. Massachusetts and 
Follett's 3d Massachusetts Battery arrived. The 22d 
went into camp on the right of the 2d Maine, and became 
a part of our brigade. The regiment was commanded 
by Colonel Henry Wilson, then one of our senators from 
Massachusetts; he soon resigned on the assembling of 
Congress. Its Adjutant was Thomas Sherwin of Ded- 
ham, who was an old schoolmate of the writer in the 
High School. He served through the war and was a fine 
soldier; was severely wounded at Gaines' Mills; was 
promoted to Major and Lieutenant Colonel of his regi- 
ment, and at the close of the war was brevetted Brigadier 
General. There were others in the regiment with whom 
I was acquainted. Also there was First Lieut. Nelson A. 
Miles, now Lieutenant General commanding the United 
States Army. 

Dexter H. Follett's Battery went into camp just 
at our left and was with us through the service, 
becoming one of the finest batteries in the army. 



80 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS BEGIMENT [July, 

Augustus P. Martin was its First Lieutenant, and on the 
resignation of Capt. Follett, became its commander. At 
the close of the service he was brevetted Brigadier 
General. Some years later he was Mayor of the City of 
Boston, and afterwards Chairman of the Board of Police 
Commissioners. 

Tuesday, Oct. 15, for the first time had brigade drill 
under General Martindale. George Everett and others 
from South Dedham (now Norwood) made us a visit, 
which was a great pleasure to the boys, and showed us 
that the folks at home had a thought for our welfare, 
which was very encouraging. 

October 19, Capt. Onion resigned and went home; 
Lieut. Carroll became our Captain, and Fisher A. Baker 
our First Lieutenant. 

As might be expected many of the men in the regi- 
ment were sick with colds and other ailments. The 
" blues " seemed to attack a few. A man named Booth 
of Co. A was so affected by this particular trouble that 
he went into an unoccupied guard tent, hung the trigger 
of his musket over a nail, placed the muzzle against his 
breast, and sent three buckshot and a bullet through his 
body. It was known by his friends that he was very des- 
pondent and that he had said he would rather be dead 
than be a soldier, but they never supposed the poor fellow 
would end his life in this way. Madden and Shepardson 
of Co. F were discharged for disability and sent home. 

Mr. Babcock, rector of St. Paul's Church, came out to 
see us and brought the boys many letters and messages 
from friends at home. On October 22, we learned of the 
disastrous battle of Ball's Bluff, which had occurred the 
previous day some distance up the Potomac from Wash- 
ington. Baker's Brigade, in which was the 20th Mass., 
crossed the river into Virginia but was driven back with 
great loss, General Baker being killed. Owing to the 
resignation of Capt. Onion, the senior Captain in the 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 81 

regiment, and the promotion of Lieut. Carroll, who 
became the junior Captain, Co. F lost its place on the 
right of the line and became the eighth company, for 
which the men were very sorry, but it had to be. 

Our friends at home, particularly our young lady 
friends, were very kind in writing to us, telling all the 
news and cheering us up wonderfully. Also many boxes 
were sent us with nice things in the eatable line, and 
sometimes in the drinkable. If a man was seen who 
seemed a little paralyzed, it would at once be remarked 
that "he has had a box from home." This did not occur 
very frequently, but the Colonel gave orders that all 
boxes for the men should be taken to the Captains of 
companies and be opened in their presence, which orders 
were strictly carried out. 

I once heard a man of Co. F say that " Capt. Carroll 
was a gentleman," which was true, but on asking in 
what particular way he had favored him, he replied " I 
had a box from home and took it up to Capt. Carroll's 
tent for examination, and when the cover was knocked 
off such a strong smell of brandy came from the contents 
that the Captain put his hand to his nose and turned 
away saying " take it away John, it's all right." It seems 
that the good friend who sent the box had been informed 
of the examination it would be subjected to, and so had 
sealed up two large tomato cans filled with brandy which 
were packed in the box with the food, but in closing the 
box a nail had been driven through one of the cans and 
the pies, doughnuts, cake, etc., were saturated. Capt. 
Carroll knew that Corporal John could be trusted, and 
with his usual good sense, allowed him to take the box 
away. 

October 26, we had a Division Review before General 
McClellan, who complimented our regiment as to its 
drill, but criticised our shabby and worn uniform, and 
said we should have new winter clothing: at once. 



82 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT. [July, 

As there were a number of very good singers in the 
regiment a Glee Club was organized, and although Col. 
Barnes was certainly no musician, he gave it his hearty 
approval, and many an evening the club would visit the 
various headquarters of the brigade being always well 
received. General Martindale was particularly well pleased 
and wrote the words of a song for our brigade which be- 
came very popular ; its title was '* Comrades Touch the 
Elbow." The music of the song was composed, I think by 
our Bandmaster and Sergeant Alderman of Co. I. The 
latter was a fine singer and to him principally was due 
the great success of our Glee Club. I give the words of 
the song here : — 

Comrades Touch the Elbow. 

When battle's music greets our ear, 

Our guns are sighted on the foe ; 
Then nerve the arm and banish fear, 

And Comrades touch the elbow. 

Chorus : 
Touch the elbow now my boys, 

Comrades touch the elbow ! 
Nerve the arm and banish fear, 

And Comrades touch the elbow ! 

For Home and Country, Patriots, fire, 

Kindle our souls with fervid glow, 
The foe before us shall retire, 

When Comrades touch the elbow ! 

— Chorus. 

Though cannon ball may plow the rank, 
And though it make the life-blood flow, 

Fill up the space the ball made blank, 
And Comrades touch the elbow ! 

— Chorus. 

Now show the stuff of which you're made ! 

List to the signal " March " Hallo ! 
Double the quick-step ! First Brigade, Charge ! 

Comrades touch the elbow ! 

— Chorus. 



1903.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 83 

We were now, the first of November, having the 
finest of weather and the most beautiful moonlight nights. 
One evening, which with the full moon was nearly as 
light as day, we had a game of foot ball. In the game 
Lieut. Col. Ingraham commanded the left, and Major 
Hayes the right wing of the regiment ; our company, F, 
was on the side of the latter. The game was the old 
Massachusetts style, not as it is played to-day. There 
was no carrying of the ball, but just kick for all you were 
worth, only it must be in the right direction. We had the 
whole parade ground to work on with three hundred men 
on each side. The goal lines were straight across each 
end of the parade. The ball was placed in the centre, 
and whoever won the toss, chose some good man to kick 
off. The men of the regiment had been kicking, more or 
less, at something ever since they left Massachusetts 
and naturally should do good work in this special line. 

At a given signal the game was started, and such 
pushing, scrambling, knocking and righting of the "six 
hundred " was beyond description. Those having debts to 
pay, paid them, one hundred cents on the dollar; if they 
couldn't kick the ball they must kick something, and the 
shins had to take it. However, the game ended, with the 
right wing, under Major Hayes, the winners. But what a 
sorry looking crowd we were after it was over, with 
broken heads and shins. It was fortunate that our new 
clothing had not been issued. 

(To be continued. ) 



THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

( Continued from page 67.) 

The West Dedham Primary School from 1860 to 1865 
was instructed by Annis C. Guild. She is the daughter of 
Dea. Reuben and Olive (Morse) Guild, born in West Dedham 



84 SCHOOLS AND TEACHEBS [July, 

April 14, 1842, and was educated in the West Dedham and 
High Schools, receiving a diploma for three years. In 1869, 
Feb. 10, she was united in marriage to Francis D. Hay ward 
and now resides in Worcester, Mass. 

From 1863 to 1873 Helen Bates was a faithful and effective 
teacher in the Ames School, having previously taught for a 
time in Hanson, Mass. She is the daughter of Eben and Betsey 
(Kenney) Bates of Yarmouth, Maine, in which town and in 
Bangor she was educated to be a teacher. Her residence is 
still in Dedham. 

Charles Frederic Kimball began to teach in the West Ded- 
ham School April, 1863, continuing there till April, 1866, when 
he became master of the Mill Village School. In 1868 he was 
appointed an usher in the Rice School of Boston and became 
submaster in 1877. This position he still holds. He is a 
native of Temple, N. H., son of Isaac and Lucinda (Tenney) 
Kimball, born Dec. 3, 1830. His preparation for teaching was 
chiefly in the FrancestoAvn , Peterborough and Ipswich Appleton 
Academies. His first school was in New Boston, N. H.,1849- 
50; then a winter each in Milford, New Ipswich and Rindge, 
N. H., and in Townsend, Mass. Just previous to coming to 
Dedham, he taught in Mason, N. H., Fitchburg and Attleboro, 
Mass. August 5, 1859, he married at Temple, N. H., Juliet 
Augusta Stanley. He was school committee in Attleboro, 
1863 ; in Dedham nine years from March, 1886. As a teacher 
Mr. Kimball is thorough, accurate and progressive, enjoying 
in a high degree the confidence of parents and affection of his 
pupils. He has resided in Dedham since 1863. 

In the autumn of 1863, Sarah Annie Shorey was elected 
assistant teacher in the High School, having taught several 
months of the preceeding year in the High School of Minneap- 
olis, Minn. She continued her excellent work in Dedham till 
September, 1870, and since then has been constantly 
employed in the Girls' High School of Boston. Her proficiency 
in Chemistry, which she had studied at the Institute of Tech- 



1903.] OF DEDHAM. 85 

nology while still teaching in Dedham, made her an acceptable 
teacher of that study for several years ; later she has been 
allowed to indulge her preference in teaching languages, 
history and English. She is the daughter of John and Cor- 
nelia (Guild) Shorey, of Dedham, and resides at "The Eliot," 
Koxbury. 

For two years, 1864 and 1865, Willard Francis Estey 
was master of the Mill, now Avery, School, having previously 
taught in the schools of Easton, Sharon, Canton and Milton. 
He was the son of Willard and Mary Eandall Estey, born in 
North Easton, August 30, 1839. He was educated in the 
public schools of North Easton and Sharon, an academy in 
Walpole, and later at the Phillips Exeter Academy. At 
Stoughton, April 6, 1863, he married Jane E. Withington of 
Canton, and resided a short time in Canton and Milton, then 
in Dedham till the autumn of 1867, when he removed to Hyde 
Park. After teaching in Dedham he studied law in the offices 
of Ellis Ames of Canton and F. D. Ely of Dedham, and was 
admitted to practice in the courts of Mass. in 1866 ; and in 
1870 in the U. S. Circuit Court at Boston. He was a mem- 
ber of the School Committee in Dedham and Hyde Park, and 
a trial justice for Norfolk County. In 1883 he removed to 
Lewiston, Maine, and died there May 18, 1903. "Circum- 
stances forced Mr. Estey to earn his education ; and, to the 
day of his death, he continued to be a diligent student." 

Abby Louise Baker began her long and effective work as 
a teacher in West Dedham, January 1865, having charge of 
the primary department. Then she taught the Endicott School, 
the summer of 1869. Afterwards she taught in Melrose two 
years ; and since then has continued her labors in Roxbury, in 
the Dearborn and Hugh O'Brien schools, twenty years or 
more. She is the daughter of Francis Whiting and Lucinda 
Stowe Baker, of West Dedham, and now resides in Roxbury. 

(To he continued.) 



86 SHARON. [July, 

A FEW WORDS ABOUT SHARON. 

By Eugene Tappan. 

" Origin and early history of the First Parish, Sharon, 
Massachusetts. A Sermon preached on the occasion of 
the 150th anniversary of the formation of the church, July 
6, 1890, by George Willis Cooke, then minister of the 
parish. Published by request. Boston, H. M. Hight, 
Printer, 76 Summer Street, 1903." 

Mr. Cooke's discourse is a pleasing contribution to 
Sharon history. He well remarks : " The history of a 
parish or church is, to a large extent, the history of the 
men and women of whom it is composed." For several 
generations the Sharon meeting-house was a principal 
centre of attraction. There the whole town came on 
Sundays, and the men and boys on town meeting days. 
The building stood, as was usual, on a high elevation near 
the geographical centre of the precinct or town. The 
village appeared a great deal later. 

The old post road from Boston to New York passed 
several miles to the west, and the old Bay road from 
Taunton to Boston was a mile and more to the east. On 
this latter road in 1830 the daily mail was deposited at 
Cobb's Tavern, in the extreme northeast corner of the 
town. From this post office a cross mail was sent over, 
once a week, to the little hamlet at the centre. Mr. 
Hewins' map of 1831 shows only sixteen dwelling houses 
within a half-mile circuit of the church. 

Yet, earlier than this, the church had been split up 
into thirds, and Mr. Cooke treats ot this delicate subject 
in a dispassionate way. In fact,no odium theologicum exists 
in the town, and a family may be found which sends a 
member to each of the three churches. The same church 
structures have stood for upwards of sixty years. Is it 
too much for christian love to accomplish that the wor- 



1903.] ALD1S FAMILY. 87 

shippers shall be again in one house in the twentieth 
century as they were in the eighteenth century ? 

Barber's Historical Collections shows a quaint picture 
of the old meeting-house with a view of Blue Hill, which 
hill is now hidden by the houses and trees of the village. 
No burial ground is attached to the church, for the old 
cemeteries are in remote spots, and existed before the 
church. On the pulpit is a " hot-pressed Bible," so called, 
printed in 1798, and containing on its fly leaf a list of the 
donors, as follows : — 

The following are the names of the persons who contributed for 
the purpose of purchasing this Bible : Wm. Billings, Leonard Billings, 
Joseph Billings, Jesse Billings, John Baker, Sarah Belcher, Elijah 
Capen, Jona Cobb, Mary Capen, Jerusha Capen, MaryCapen [twice], 
Mela Capen, Sybil Cobb, Mary Drake, Oliver Everett, Edward 
Everett, Benjamin Fairbanks, David Fairbanks, Aaron Fisher, Luther 
Gay, Benj. Gannett Jun., Deborah Gannett, Lois Gould, Ziporah 
Gould, Enoch Hewins, Joseph Hewins Esq., Benjn Hewins, 
Amasa Hewins, Benjn Hewins Jun., Benj. Hodges, Daniel Hodges, 

Sewall Hodges, Joseph Hodges, David Hewins, Hewins, Anna 

Hewins, Sarah Hewins, Polly Hewins, Ruth Hewins, Susan Hewins, 
Hannah Hixon, Hannah Kingsbury, Susanna Leonard, Nath 1 Morse, 
John Morse, Lewis Morse, Susanna Morse, Mary Morse, Daniel 
Richards, Polly Randall, Mary Richards, Elizabeth Richards, 
Daniel Stone, W m Strobridge, Anna Swift, W m Savage, Aaron 
Richards, Jeremiah Richards, Oliver Williams, Nath 1 Withington, 
W m Withington. 



THE ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. 

Compiled by Frederick H. Whiten", 

a Descendant of the Ninth Generation. 

(Continued from page 65.) 

10. Nathan 4 Aldis {JohrP [$\, John 2 , Nathan 1 ) died 
at Roxbury, February 10, 1750 (Town Records). He 
married, first, June 24, 1708, at Roxbury, Eunice Draper, 
daughter of James and Abigail (Whiting) Draper, born 
June 5, 1689, died June 13, 1714, at Roxbury (" Drapers in 
America," page 23). He married, secondly, at Dedham, 



88 ALDIS FAMILY. [July, 

April 19, 1715 (I. 37), Mary dickering, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Lydia (Fisher) dickering, born at Ded- 
ham, Oct. 15, 1680 (I. 20), died after 1745 (Dedham Hist. 
Reg. III. 118). 

The will of Nathan Aldis (Suffolk Probate, No. 9561, 
1750), dated March 12, 1745, mentions wife Mary, daugh- 
ters Rachel and Ruth, daughter Mary Draper and 
" only son John." By deed of gift, of a value of ^"250, 
dated January 19, 1750 (Suffolk Deeds, 77-254), Nathan 
Aldis of Roxbury, Husbandman, gives " unto my only 
& well-beloved son, John Aldis, of Wrentham." By a 
deed dated November, 175 1 (Suffolk Deeds, 107-17), 
" Moses Draper of Roxbury, Husbandman, & Mary, his 
wife, & Ruth Aldis of Roxbury, Spinster," exchange land 
"of our late father Mr. Nathan Aldis, deceased" with 
" our sister Rachel Aldis of Roxbury, Spinster." Later 
(Suffolk Deeds, 120-252) Rachel Aldis and Ruth Aldis 
transfer " unto our brother Moses Draper & sister Mary 
Draper." Issue, recorded at Roxbury: — 

16. 1. (1) John 5 , b May 8, 1711. 

11. Nathan 5 , b. May 3, 1714 ; died Aug. 14, 1715. 
in. (2) Mary 5 ,* b. December 4, 1716 ; died Dec. 29, 1716. 

17. iv. Mary 5 , b. April 4, 1719. 

v. Nathaniel 5 , b. Sept. 25, 1722; died June 10, 1736. 

18. vi. Rachel 5 , b. Feb. 6, 1724-5. 

19. vii. Ruth 5 , b. Feb. 10, 1726-7. 

1 1. Hannah 4 Aldis (John 2, [5], John 2 , Nathan 1 ) died 
at Wrentham, Oct. 27, 1756. She married, Nov. 27, 1709, 
at Wrentham (Town Records), Thomas Mann, son of 
Rev. Samuel and Esther (Ware) Mann, born Oct. 24, 
1682, d. Wrentham Sept. 10, 1756. He settled 1719 in that 
part of Wrentham which was set off as Franklin, 1770. 
Issue, recorded at Wrentham : — 

*The records are in error in citing Mary (in.) as a daughter of Nathaniel 
Aldis, a common error with the name of Nathan and easily disproved in 
this case. Likewise they give year of birth of Kachel (vi.) as 1722, an 
impossibility, nor does it agree with her baptismal date, which preserves 
the sequence of years. 



1903. j ALDIS FAMILY. 89 

I. Hannah 5 , b. March 3, 1711 ; married May 20, 1736, Eleazer 

Ware. 
II. Esther 5 , b. Aug. 19, 1712; married May 1, 1736, Robert 

Ware, 
in. Rachel 5 , b. July 17, 1714. 

iv. NATHAN 5 ,b. Oct. 15, 1716; married Esther ?; by his son 

Thomas, who married Mary Stanley, was a grandfather 

of Horace Mann, the educator, b. Franklin 1796. 

v. Ruth 5 , b. Jany 15, 1720 ; married June 5, 1745, Benjamin 

Rockwood. 

vi. Hepzibah 5 , b. May 7, 1722 ; married, Jan. 14, 1742, 

Peletiah Metcalf. 
vii. Mary 5 , b. July 15, 1725; married Dec. 16, 1746, Jazeb 
Ware. 

Special Reference: N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg. Vol. 
XIII., p. 326, Ware Gen., 1901. 

12. Rachel 4 Aldis (John* [5], John 2 , Nathan^) died 
at Roxbury, March 16, 17 17. She married May 2, 1716, at 
Roxbury (Town Records), James Draper, son James and 
Abigail (Whiting) Draper, born Roxbury, 1691 ; died 
Apr. 24, 1768. Issue, recorded at Roxbury: — 

John 5 , b. Jany. 29, 1717, d. March 10, 1717. 
Special Reference ; " Drapers in America," 1892. 

13. Abigail 4 Aldis (John? [5], John 2 , Nathan}) mar- 
ried April 22, 1713, at Roxbury (Town Records), Gideon 
Draper, son of James and Abigail (Whiting) Draper, born 
Roxbury, 1694. Issue (first seven recorded Dedham): — 

1. Abigail 5 , b. May 26, 1714 ; d. Dec. 4, 1729. 

11. James 5 , b. Sept. 29, 1715 ; d. Jan. 7, 1719. 

in. John 5 , b. July 29, 1717. 

iv. Ruth 5 , b. Nov. 29, 1718. 

v. Gideon 5 , b. Aug. 25, 1722 ; d. Dover, N. Y., 1778. 

vi. Nathaniel 5 , b. Feb. 17, 1724; Major in Revolution. 

vii. Nathan 5 , b. April 9, 1725. 

viii. William 5 , b. Feb. 10, 1727. 

ix. Caesar 5 , b. Feb. 14, 1729. 

x. Mary 5 , b. Nov. 30, 1731. 
Special reference : " Drapers in America," 1892. 



90 ALDIS FAMILY. [July, 

14. Ann 4 Aldis (Daniel* [8],/o/m 2 , Nathaji 1 ) died 
at Dedham, Jan. 26, 1772 (I. 108). She married at Ded- 
ham, March 5, 1712 (I. 36), Jonathan Onion, son of Ben- 
jamin and Deborah (Woodstock, I. 17) Onion, born 
Dedham, March 7, 1687-8 (I. 22), died Dedham, Aug. 3, 
1758 (I. 90). The entry calls him "Deacon." Issue, re- 
corded at Dedham : — 

1. Hannah 5 , b. Dec. 17, 1712 (I. 39). 

11. Sarah 5 , b. Sept. 11, 1714 (I. 41). 

in. Mary 5 , b. Oct. 27, 1718 ([. 45). 

iv. Jonathan 5 , b. Oct. 9, 1720 (1. 47), married July 24, 1744, 

Sarah May (I. 74). 

v. Daniel 5 , b. Jan. 2, 1723 (I. 49); d. Nov. 22, 1737 (I. 64). 

vi. Benjamin 5 , ) b. March 20, 1726 ( d. April, 1726 (I. 52). 

vii. Joseph 5 , j (I. 52), Twins, \ d. March 20, 1726 (I. 52). 

15. Sarah 4 Aldis (Daniel* [8], Joint 1 , Nathan 1 ) died 
before 17 17 (see below). She married at Dedham, March 
21, 1716 (I. sjX William Bacon, son of Daniel 3 (John 2 , 
Michael 1 ) Bacon and Elizabeth Martin. He was born 
Dedham, Oct. 8, 1694 (I. 26), and died at Stoughton. 
Suffolk Probate, 30, 133; Jany. 15, 1733; William Bacon 
of about 17 years, grandson of Daniel Aldis of Dedham, 
appeals for the appointment of his honored father William 
Bacon of Stoughton as his guardian. Issue, recorded at 
Dedham : — 

1. William 5 , b. June 24, 1716 (I. 42); died May 21, 1761 
(I, 96) : married Nov. 17, 1737, Abigail Dean (I. 65). 
Had ten children, was Captain of company raised for 
Crown Point Expedition. 

Sarah (Aldis) Bacon died between the birth of her 
child and the making of her father's will, in which she is 
not mentioned. William Bacon married again, the first 
child of that marriage being recorded Oct. 6, 1721. 

Special Reference : N. E. Hist, and Gen. Reg. Vol. 
LVL, p. 373. 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 91 

16. John 5 Aldis {Natharft [io], John z '^, Nathan 1 ) 
died at Wrentham, April 29, 1750, ae 39 (Town Records). 
He married at Dedham, May 15, 1733 (I. 60), Mehitable 
Hawes, daughter of Nathaniel and Sarah (Newell) Hawes, 
born Dedham, Nov. 3, 1703, (I. 31), died Wrentham, 
Feb. 26, 1785. ae 81. Widow Mehitable (Hawes) Aldis, 
married Wrentham, Sept. 28, 1762 (Town Records), 
Ichabod Pond (Daniel Pond and his descendants, 1873, 
p. 27). 

John Aldis was received into the Dedham church, 
March 18, 1733 (II. 81), and with wife Mehitable was dis- 
missed to Second Church at Wrentham, Sept. 11, 1748 
(II. 90). He was received by that church, now the First 
Congregational Church in Franklin, the following month. 
The record gives the reception of Mehitable Aldis as from 
Needham. 

John Aldis died intestate (Suffolk Probate, Vol. 44, 
p. 94) ; his widow declined the administration, which was 
granted to Caleb Philips, of Bellingham, June 5, 1750. 
The real estate appraisement total was ^579 ; the prin- 
cipal items being Home-place, part in Wrentham and 
part in Bellingham — 100 acres — house and barn, part in 
Roxbury and part in Dedham — 35 acres. 

John Goldberry of Wrentham was appointed guardian 
for Nathan and John Aldis, aged upwards of 14 years, 
and the mother, Mehitable Aldis, for Mehitable, aged 13, 
Ebenezer, aged 9, and Eunice, aged 7 (Suffolk Probate, 
Vol. 47, p. 31 : 1752). Issue :— 

John 6 , recorded Roxbury; born Feb. 19, 1734. 
Nathan 6 , do. ; born Aug. 17, 1735. 

Nathaniel 6 , recorded Wrentham ; born April 15, 1737 ; 

died Wrentham, Nov. 20, 1741 (Town Records). 
Mehitable 6 , recorded Wrentham ; b. Aug. 8, 1739. 
Ebenezer 6 , do. ; b. Nov. 26, 1742. 

Eunice 6 , do. ; b. Feb. 23, 1745. 



20. 


1. 


21. 


11. 




in. 


22. 


IV. 


23. 


V. 


24. 


VI. 



92 ALDIS FAMILY. [July, 

17. Mary 5 Aldis (Nathan'' [10], John*'\ Nathan^) 
died at Roxbury, Nov. 20, 1810. She married first, at 
Boston, March 26, 1739 (Boston Records Com., Vol. 28, 
p. 206), Abel Allen, son of Abel and Sarah ( ) Allen, 
born at Weston, April 19, 1714; and died Roxbury, spring 
of 1742. She married, secondly, Nov. 26, 1743, at Boston 
(op. cit. p. 276), Moses Draper, son of Jonathan and 
Sarah (Jackson) Draper, born Roxbury, Aug. 11, 1721, 
died Jan. 21, 1775. 

Administration in the case of Abel Allen was granted 
to his widow May 27, 1742. He was promised of "awright 
in a new township near Northfield, County of Hampshire, 
value at ^31/10/x. 

In the will of Abel Allen, Sr. (1750), are mentioned 
grand daughters Abigail and Mary, but not David 6 , so 
that he probably died young. No mention of him is made 
by his mother in her will, nor of any who might be his 
descendants. 

In the settlement of the estate of Moses Draper 
1775 (Suffolk Probate, No. 15,741), mention is made of 
Widow Mary and children, Moses, Samuel, Jonathan, 
Sarah, Nathaniel, Nathan and David. This is the only 
reference found of Nathan 6 , so he probably died young. 

The will of Mary (Aldis-Allen) Draper made June 
17, 1809; proved Jany. 1, 181 1 (Norfolk Probate, No. 5821), 
mentions " my daughter Abigail, wife of Edmond Gook- 
in," "the six children of my said daughter Gookin," 
" my daughter Sarah, wife of James Prentice," " my son 
Samuel Draper, Jonathan Draper, Nathaniel Draper and 
David Draper," " my grandson Moses Draper," "grand- 
daughter Mary Billings." Bequests are also made but 
without statement of relationship, if any, to John Mayo, 
William Mayo and Mary, wife of Elias Cook. 

The six children of Abigail (Allen) Gookin were 
Bethia, Edmond, Squire, Daniel, Abigail and Walter. 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 93 

" Grand-daughter Mary Billings " was also a daughter of 
hers, b. Nov. 4, 1765, married 1st Joseph Billings. 

Moses 6 Draper was appointed, 1784 and '86, guardian 
for Abel, John, William and Mary Mayo (Suffolk Probate, 
No. 18,213 and No. 18,681). They were probably the 
children of his half-sister, Mary (Allen) Mayo. He had 
previously been appointed guardian for his own nephew, 
Paul Whiting (Suffolk Probate, 80-823). Mary Mayo 
married at Roxbury, June 27, 1793, Elias Cook of Belling- 
ham. Grandson Moses 7 Draper, son of Moses 6 , was born 
July 24, 1774. His father died February 11, 1798. 
Issue, recorded at Roxbury : — 
1. (1) David 6 , b. June 3, 1739; bapt. Dedham, Nov. 11,1739 

(II. 51). 
11. Abigail 6 , b. Nov. 14, 1740; d. Canton, Mass., April 22, 
1832 ; married 1762, Edmond Gookin, son of Richard 
and Margaret (Morse) Gookin. 
in. Mary 6 , b. Sept. 28, 1742 (posthumous); bapt. Dedham, 
Oct. 17, 1742, "daughter of Widow Mary Allen" (11.53). 
She married at Trinity Church, Boston, April 28, 1762 
(Records p. 33), John Mayo, son of Thomas and Eliza 
(Farley) Mayo. He was killed March 16, 1776 by a 
British cannon-ball on the march to Dorchester Heights. 
Drake : History of Roxbury. 
iv. (2) Moses 6 , b. Aug. 26, 1744; married April 21, 1770, Grace 
Hyde. 
v. Samuel 6 , b. Nov. 5, 1746 ; married (1) Sarah Hyde ; (2) 
Nancy Miles. 
vi. SARAH 6 ,b. June 5,1748 ; d. Northbridge,Mass.,Dec. 8,1831 ; 
married, first, at Trinity Church, Boston, Sept. 23, 1767, 
Nathaniel Whiting, son of Nathaniel and Hannah (Lyon) 
Whiting. He died Roxbury, June 21, 1769. She married 
secondly, Dec. 21, 1770, James Prentice of Sutton, son of 
Samuel and Phoebe ( ) Prentice. (Nathaniel Whit- 

ing Genealogy and Prentice Genealogy). 
vii. Jonathan 6 , b. Dec. 7, 1750 ; married Silence Copeland. 
viii. Nathaniel 6 , b. (unrecorded) ; married July 3, 1785, Anna 
Jones. 



94 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. [July, 

ix. Nathan 6 , b. (unrecorded) ; died without issue between 

1775 and 1810. 
x. David 6 , b. June 3, 1762 ; married May 17, 1785, Rebecca 

Healey. 

(The Allen and Draper families of Mary 5 Aldis are 
now clearly shown and the date of her second marriage 
correctly ascribed. The statement that John Mayo mar- 
ried Lucy Richards (Am. Ancestry, V., 28), and not Mary 
(m) Allen is without stated authority. Likewise that Sarah 
(vi) Draper "married Prentice of Newton." James 
Prentice was of the Newton Branch of that family.) 

Special Reference : " Widow Mary Draper," Ded- 
ham Historical Register, Vol. VII., p. 5; " Draper Family 
in America," p. 181 ; " Lewis Allen of Weston," p. 6. 

18. Rachel 5 Aldis {Nathan^ [10], John**' 1 , Nathmi}), 
was baptised at Dedham, Feb. 14, 1725 (II. 40). She mar- 
ried at Dedham, Nov. 13, 1775 (I. 125), Josiah Briggs, so 
that she was over fifty years of age at that time. This 
date is confirmed by the fact that she signed deeds as late 
as 1769 as "spinster." She was received into the Dedham 
Church, June 4, 1758 (II. 84). 

(To be continued.) 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS IN NEEDHAM. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL. B. 
(Continued from page 60.) 

Elizabeth Newell had a school two months in 1753, and 
eleven weeks in the summer of 1754. 

Esther Fuller taught one month in 1753, one month in the 
summer of 1755, and three months in that of 1756. 

Mary Parker taught one week in 1754. 

In 1754 William Bowdoin gave his pay as representative 
in the General Court, £24, 4s., to the town, and it was appro- 
priated for the schools. During the four j^ears, 1752-55, that 



1903.] IJS NEED HAM. 95 

Mr. Bowdoin was representative he annually presented his 
compensation to the town, and it was more than once used for 
the schools. 

Mrs. Elizabeth " Whitting," wife of Jonathan, kept school 
one month in the summer of 1755. Another record calls her 
surname Whitney. Jonathan Whiting of Dedham married 
Elizabeth Newell of Needham, January 15, 175(5, and lived in 
Needham or in the Springfield Parish. She perhaps taught 
while single and drew her pay when married. 

Submit Cook (perhaps born November 13, 1737, daughter 
of Eliakim and Susannah (Littlefield) Cook, married Jesse 
Knapp of Weston, March 27, 1760) kept school six weeks in 
the summer of 1756, and eight weeks in that of 1759, and 
boarded herself. 

Joseph Wheeler (Harvard 1757, A. M., later a minister) 
taught two months in the winter of 1756-7, and boarded half 
of the time with Dea. Timothy Kingsbery, and the other half 
with Ebenezer Fisher (both East). 

John Felch had a school two months in the winter of 
1756-7, boarding six weeks with Samuel Mackentier (West), 
and two weeks in March with John Alden (East). Mr. Felch 
taught two weeks in the West early in 1762, four weeks (place 
uncertain) in 1763, one month somewhere in 1765, and four 
weeks in the winter, late in 1767 or early in 1768, at the West 
End ( < « Needham Leg ") . 

Lieut. Samuel Townsend, son of the Rev. Jonathan, 
taught six weeks in the winter of 1757-8, two weeks in 1761, 
one month in 1763. 

In the spring of 1758 Daniel Noyes (Harvard 1758, A. 
M.) had taught school two months and boarded part of the 
time with Lieut. Amos Fuller (Centre). Mr. Fuller's house 
is still standing and is about equally distant from the site of 
the Brick school house, and that of the Great Plain school 
house. Alexander Shephard " of Newtown" taught six weeks 
in 1758, and boarded himself the whole time (£2, 12 s.). 



96 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [July, 

Samuel Kingsbury (Harvard 1759, A. M., later a minis- 
ter) taught one month and seven days in the winter prior to 
March 6, 1759, and boarded with Ebenezer Fisher (South) 
one month, and with Ensign EliakimCook (Upper Falls) seven 
days. 

Daniel Stimpson (Harvard 1759, A. M., later a minister) 
kept school six weeks in the winter prior to March 6, 1759, 
and boarded with Jonathan Huntting. 

Mrs. Lydia Willard taught ten weeks in the summer 
of 1758. 

In the summer of 1759 Mrs. Elizabeth Wheaton, wife or 
daughter of Caleb (the daughter was born April 10, 1739) 
taught nine weeks, and boarded herself. Caleb " Whetean " 
married Elizabeth Fisher, September 8, 1736. 

Mrs. Hannah Willard taught seven weeks in the summer 
of 1759, and boarded herself, six weeks in the summer of 1760, 
and again in 1761 ; in the latter year she boarded with Ebenezer 
Fisher (South). In August and September, 1762, she taught 
six weeks. Nathaniel Fisher married Mrs. Hannah Willard, 
June 23, 1763, and she died prior to November, 1777. 

Mrs. Sarah Whittemore, wife of Jonathan, taught seven 
weeks, and boarded herself, in the summer of 1759. Sarah 
Woodcock married Jonathan Whittemore of Maiden, April 10, 
1735. 

' < Doc r " Jonathan Fuller kept school four months and four 
days ending March 6, 1760, and boarded ten weeks with Lieut. 
Amos Fuller (Centre), and for a time with Capt. Eleazer 
Kingsbery (Upper Falls). 

Nathan Stone (Harvard 1762, A. M., later a minister) 
taught two months in the winter prior to March 3, 1760, and 
boarded with Jonathan Huntting. The next two winters Mr. 
Stone also taught two months, and boarded with Huntting. 

Mr. Gocldard taught six weeks in the winter prior 

to March 3, 1760, and boarded three weeks with Nathaniel 
Fisher, and the other three with Ebenezer Fisher. 



1903.] IN NEEDHAM 97 

In 1760 the annual appropriation for schools was £22 ; in 
1761, £20; in 1762-64, £30; in 1765 it was £35; in 1766, 
'67, £40; in 1768, '69, £50; in 1770, 71, £60; in 1772, '73, 
£50; 1774, £40. 

Isaac Hasey (Harvard 1762, A. M., later a minister) had 
a school two months in the winter prior to February 23, 1761, 
and boarded one month with Capt. Eleazer Kingsbery, Jr., 
(Upper Falls), and one month with Lieut. Amos Fuller 
(Centre). Mr. Hasey taught ten weeks early in 1762, and 
boarded with Ensign Eliakim Cook (Upper Falls), and with 
Ebenezer Fuller. 

James Parker (Harvard 1763) taught six weeks in the 
winter prior to February 23, 1761, and boarded with Ebenezer 
Fisher (South). Mrs. Eunice Bartlett taught one month in 
the summer of 1761, and boarded with Stephen Huntting. In 
1765 she and her daughter, Lois, were warned out of town. 
They were from Newton. 

Mrs. Mary Fisher had a school one month in the summer 
of 1761, and boarded with Josiah Woodward, two months in 
the summer of 1766 she taught "at the Dwelling house of 
Capn Kobert Fuller's " (Centre). From the town treasurer's 
book it seems that she also taught a few weeks in 1763. 

Mrs. Martha (Smith) Dewing, wife of Jeremiah, taught 
three months, and later six weeks, in the "summer" of 1761, 
eight weeks in 1763 at 5 s., 4d. per week, five weeks (places 
uncertain) in 1764, and three months in the summer of 1771 
in Wellesley. She probably taught in 1765 (town treasurer's 
book). In the summer of 1772 she taught three months for 
£3 and boarded herself. 

Mr. Shaw taught in the South part of the town six weeks 
in the winter of 1761-2, and Dea. Josiah Newell was paid for 
boarding him. 

John Jones taught six weeks in the winter prior to March, 
1763. "Capn John Jones of Dedham" was on May 12, 1766, 
granted £4, 13 s., 4 d. for keeping school two months "want- 



98 SCHOOLS IN NEEDHAM. [July, 

ing " two days in the winter past, and boarding himself. The 
next winter Captain Jones taught six weeks in the South part 
of the town ; the winter of 1767-8 "John Jones Esq r " taught 
there six weeks. 

As Col. John Jones he was a well-known magistrate and 
surveyor of land for many years, and lived in Dover where the 
Cheney family now have a fine estate. 

In the summer of 1763 the wife of Moses Feltt taught 
seven weeks (places uncertain), and in the summer of 1770 
one month at the house of Jacob Parker. Feltt lived at one 
time in Natick, and was a soldier in the French and Indian 
War, but in 1774 he lived in West Needham. 

Robert Fuller, 3d. (sometimes called Robert Fuller, Jr.) 
of a prominent Needham family, taught two months early in 
1763, fourteen weeks ending early in 1764, fifteen weeks the 
next year, sixteen weeks (places uncertain) late in 1768, three 
months ending in the spring of 1769 at the "Brick School 
house," and the same time in 1770. Some time in 1769 the 
town treasurer paid Fuller £8, 8 s. for keeping school, and the 
writer does not find a corresponding order of the selectmen. 
Perhaps he taught two terms in 1768 or 1769. In May, 1771, 
he was granted £9, 12 s. for teaching four months the year 
past. In the winter of 1771-2 he taught three months at the 
Brick school house, and in the spring two weeks at the Lower 
Falls, and boarded himself. In February and March, 1774, he 
taught eight weeks, and boarded with Capt. Ebenezer Fisher, 
"at Said Fishers School House" (South). His board was 
4 shillings per week, and his wages, exclusive of his board, 
8 shillings per week. Earlier the same winter he taught six 
weeks and three days in the "Brick School House," and 
boarded himself, for £3, 12 s. He taught seven weeks in the 
"Brick School House" " in the winter Season 1774 & 1775," 
and boarded himself, for 12 shillings per week. 

(To be continued.) 



1903.] THE AMES DIARY. 99 

EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances C alder. 

( Continued from page 72.) 

May, 1807. 

31. Capt Isaac Doggett died. Parlour fire necessary first of June as 
in January. I had bargained with Fred c Richards for a Pasture all 
well walled in of about 30 Acres for 900. Doll! & was inform'd that D n . 
I. Bullard had usurped a road to N. Fisher's without Authority and 
fenced across the same near Sandy Valley I went look at the s'd Pas- 
ture & found 5 or 6 fences across the public highway! I pull'd all down 
& pass'd thro' and soon had a blackguard letter from D n Bullard which 
has defeated the bargain ! as he claims a Right to the Road by a vote of 
the town above 20 years ago. 

June 

8. Bo't Salmon at 20 p d the 8 th Clarke got. Pass'd new-mill-road. 
Josh Whiting Surveyor freting at the disappointment of teams promis'd 
& obliged to quit & leave work to more favorable season! But might 
soon be a grand accommodation & pleasant part of town. 

20. Went Milton, Dorchester Roxb'y Brooklyn Newton 

21. Justices of Sessions cashier' d British Murder again aggravated 
worse than of Pierce last year. 

24. Planted potatoes between high and low water mark for exper. 
[and by appearance and forwardness of these Potatoes in August it 
seems that if planted a month later they would arrive at perfection. 

30. Exa. Cold backward. Fires necessary till 26 th . Now I find by 
observation that Scions leaved out set in May last will very hardly grow 
while those cut before the buds started all grew, tho' set same day came 
out much earlier than one or two of the others that barely grew 

Country roused to indignation at conduct of British Squadron at Vir- 
ginia—the Leopard a 50 gun ship on 22 d inst fires many brodsides into the 
Chesapeak our frigate just clear'd the bay of that name bound for Mediter 11 
unprepared for action and killed murdered 3 men wounded 18 then on 
C. Barron striking, the British Captain Humphreys took off 5 of the 
crew, Americans, refus'd the frigate!! 

July. 
2. British insults & murder of 5 men on 22 d June! now heard of. 
4. Independence, much parade ! 
11. Pater obiit 1764. 

President's procl'n of 2 d instant banishing British War Ships and 
Vessels of all kinds from our coasts & harbors & prohibiting succours & 
intercourse War impending! All parties join in indignation at English 
insult & murder as bad as Self ridge's ! ! ! 
13. President's farewell Address. 



100 STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. [July, 

15. Hannah Richards & 15 others lost in Portland packet & Sam 
Richards' s wife and two children drowned, he sav'd on wreck 16 out 22 
drowned. 

31. Resolves blazing against Britons from one end of United States 
to t'other. 

August. 

16. Went Milton. Saw many people drying & fishing hay from 
water, Sunday. 

24. Meloncholly destruction of Grass by floods ! 
24. Water kept up by Avery's dam ! 

September. 
1. Handbill of Bonaparte's triumph. 

5. News of the consternation in England at affair of Chesapeake! 
21. Sessions Seaver Ruggles Ellis qualif' d sole to hold Sessions in 
N'ton. 

29. A Comet appears evenings E. of Sun 

(To be continued.) 



DEATHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

Commencing with the minutes from the diary of the Rev d 

Philip Curtis, giving the names of the number 

who have died in the six years past. 

By William R. Mann. 

(Continued from page 70.) 

Miriam, relict of the late Benjamin Hodges died Dec. 31. 1825. aged 

71 years. 
Jacob, son of Mr. Jacob and Polly Smith, died January 12. 1826. aged 

15 years 
Mehitabel, wife of Lieut Joseph Cummings, died February 8. 1826. in 

her 63 d year. 
Polly, wife of Mr. Tisdale Drake, died February 18. 1826. aged 28 

years. 
Lieut. Samuel Estey, died February 25. 1826. in his 60 th year. 
William, son of the late Zebulon and Rachel Holmes, died Feby 27 

1826 aged 17 years. 
Infant, of Capt. Charles and Mary Ide. died Oct. 18. 1825 aged 18 

days 






1903.] STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. 101 

Mary, relict of the late Nathaniel Coney, died April 20. 1826 in her 

80 th year 
Oliver, son of Lieut Joseph Cummings. died May. 16. 1826 in his 40 th 

year 
William Savage, Esq. died June 17. 1826. in his 79 th year. 
Archippus Drake, died June 19, 1826. aged 73 years 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Hannah Holmes, died August 5. 1826. in 

his 25 th year 
Billings, son of Mr. Benjamin Richards, died Oct 22. 1826. aged 24 

years 
Capt Edward Tisdale, died November 13 1826. in his 72 d year, 
Mr. Benjamin Hewins, died Nov. 18. 1826. in his 80 th year. 
Warren Johnson, died January 28. 1827. in his 40 th year. 
Polly, dau. of Mr. Thomas and Eunice Glover, died Feby. 12. 1827. 

aged 32 years 
Deborah, wife of Mr. Benjamin Gannett died April 29. 1827 in her 

68 th year. 
John H. Kolhoff. died May 8. 1827. 
Doer. Elijah Hewins, died May. 21. 1827. aged 80 years. 
Oliver Savels, died June. 7 1827. aged 66 years. 
Dea. Oliver Everett, died July. 28. 1827. aged 78 years. 
Esther, dau. of Lewis and Mary Billings, died Aug. 6. 1827. aged 7 

years 
Betsey, dau. of Jonathan Fales, died Aug. 27. 1827. aged 20 years. 
Miram, son of Judson and Polly Gilbert, died Aug. 31. 1827. aged 19 

years 
Sarah, relict of the late John Tolman, died Sept. 13. 1827. in her 88 th 

year 
Philip Hewins, died Sept. 25. 1827. aged 10 years. 
Joel Andrews, died Oct. 20. 1827. aged 29 years 
Albert, son of Joseph and Abigail Bicknell, died Oct 25. 1827. aged 6 

years 
Jonathan Billing, died Nov. 2. 1827. aged 78 years. 
Col. Ransel Jones, died Nov. 21. 1827. aged 34 years 
Howard, son of Philip and Lucy Hewins died Jany 22. 1828. aged 13 

years 
Rebecca, relict of the late Lieut. Nathaniel Morse died Jany. 23. 1828. 

aged 58 years 
Francis, son of Mr. Oliver Lothrop died Feby 2 d 1828. aged 19 years 



102 CHANDLER FAMILY. 

Jeremiah Richards, died February 4. 1828. aged 74 years. 
Joseph Tucker, died February 6. 1828 aged 94 years 

wife of Mr. Joseph Wood died April 12 th . 1828. aged 74 years 

Sabrina, dau. of Calvin and Berthia Curtis, died May 9 1828 aged 13 

years. 
Experience, wife of Mr Josiah Johnson, died May 26. 1828 aged 68 

years 
Nathaniel Bradshaw, Jr. died June 5. 1828. aged 41 years 
Lydia, wife of Mr. Jacob Johnson, died July. 10. 1828. aged 45 years 
Frederick, son of Ellis and Hannah Johnson, died Octo 30. 1828 aged 

2 years 
Anna, widow of the late Benjamin Hewins, died Nov. 29. 1828. in 

her 78 th year 
Joel Johnson, died Dec. 9 th . 1828. aged 38 years 
Joseph Wood, died January 4. 1829. 

(To be continued,) 



CHANDLER FAMILY. 

Copies of the Genealogy of a branch of the Chandler Family 
may be had by applying to Mrs. A. M. Pickford, 166 Washington 
Street Lynn, Mass.; price fifty cents. It is in pamphlet form and 
contains 31 pages of carefully prepared material, compiled by Mrs. 
Pickford from printed sources and from family letters and journals 
in her possession. 



Query. 

8. Whiting Information wanted as to Hannah Whiting, born 
in Dedham, May 3, 1778, daughter of Joshua (4) and Prudence 
(Draper) Whiting. She is said to have been living, a spinster, in 
Dedham, as late as 1865-70. She possessed a Coat-of-Arms said to 
have been brought over by Nathaniel Whiting, the Emigrant, and 
other relics of the family. What became of them ? Hannah's brother 
Joshua had no sons ; his daughter Matilda married Jesse Vose, and 
lived to a great age. Hannah's sister Loacada married Abner (5) 
Whiting; their son Edwin (d. 1885) married Rebecca Dean (had 
George E.) ; their daughters married Lemuel Babcock, Aaron Baker 
(had Samuel, d. 1890), and Joseph Morrell. Other sisters of 
Hannah's married Joshua Fales, William Gay, Thaddeas Mason and 
Amasa Guild. (Whiting Gen. p. 29.) 

Frederick H. Whitin. 






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PVBLI5MED BYTME 

DEDHAM HISTORICAL .SOCIETY 

DEDttAM, MA5SACMVSETTS^ 



Publishing Committee, 

DON GLEASOtf HILL, 

JOHN H. BURDAKLN, JULIUS H. TUTTLE. 



JULIUS H. TUTTLE, Editor. 

Associate Editors, 

HARRIET T. BOYD, . . . EDNA F. CALDER. 



Business Manager, . M. GARDNER BOYD. 



CONTENTS FOR OCTOBER, 1903. 

ILLUSTRATION. 

Monument, Mendon, half-tone, . . - . . . . . 103 

MENDON MASSACRE MONUMENT. John E. Alden. 103 

18th MASS. REGIMENT VOL. INFANTRY IN THE 

REBELLION. (To be continued.) . Amasa Guild. 108 

STOUGHTONHAM (SHARON) DEATHS. (To be continued.) 

William B. Mann. 118 

ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. (To be continued.) 

Frederick H. Whitin. 119 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, NEEDHAM. . . . 

(To be continued.) George K. Clarke. 121 

NEEDHAM BRANCH, TOLMAN FAMILY. 

(To be continued.) Mrs. A. M. Pickford. 125 

SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS, DEDHAM. (To be continued.) 

Carlos Slafter. 127 

THE AMES DIARY, Extracts. (To be continued.) 

Edna F. Colder. 129 

Query: 9, Smith 130 



All literary communications should be addressed to the Editor ; 
subscriptions and business communications to the Business Manager. 

The Register will be published quarterly on the first days of Jan- 
uary, April, July and October. 

SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $1.00 a year. Single Numbers, 35 Cents. 



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Entered at the Post Office, Dedham, Mass.. as second-claes mail matter. 



The Dedham Historical Register. 

Vol. XIV. October, 1903. No. 4. 

MENDON MASSACRE MONUMENT. 

By John Eaton Alden. 

OUR early emigrants, coming from England where 
land was closely held and restricted, were eager to 
obtain and own large tracts of the (to them) limitless 
domain in this country ; and the restless energy of the 
race and a desire to secure the best farms kept them 
reaching further and further from a prudent border line 
of the settlements, thereby exasperating the Indians who 
saw their hunting grounds spoiled and taken from them, 
for pay it is true, but pay which did not compensate for 
loss of home. So that perhaps we ought not now, two 
hundred and twenty-eight years after the event, to con- 
demn too harshly the Nipmuck chief, Mattoonas, who 
raided the settlement at Mendon, and killed the inhabi- 
tants whose death has been commemorated by the monu- 
ment shown in our illustration. 

The story of the affair has been told in the History 
of Mendon, the Proceedings of the Mendon Historical 
Society, in Markham's History of King Philips War, 
etc. In all these publications, and also in the inscription 
on the monument itself, the exact identity of the victims 
is not recorded. And it seems to be simple justice that 
those who had such a prominent role in the tragedy of 
July 14, 1675, should have their names perpetuated. Also 
in these days of active study of ancestry, it adds very 
much to the value of such a momento, and puts us more 
fully in touch with the history which it commemorates, 
to know that descendants of one of the victims are now 
living among us. This paper is for the purpose of 



104 MENDON MASSACRE MONUMENT. [Oct. 

putting on record the name of the principal sufferer, with 
such of her lineage as may enable other descendants to 
trace back to her. 

Mendon was originally settled by ten families from 
Weymouth and thirteen families from Braintree, among 
the latter being that of Matthias Puffer. A tract of land 
eight miles square was purchased for £2^, and a deed 
of April 22, 1662, was signed by Anawassanauk, Quasha- 
amait, Nansconet and Upanboquin. Matthias Puffer 
had a thirty acre lot, on its northeast corner being 
'"A greate Rocke with A Springe running from under 
It into Muddy Brooke." "Oct. 18, 1674, Matthias 
Puffer was sent to Natick ' to fech ' John Anawassanauk 
to show the boundaries of the land he sold in 1662." 

The town records give no account of the massacre. 
The Town Clerk escaped with them and began the new 
record, after the return, Jan. 3, 1680. The General Court, 
Nov. 3, 1675, " Ordered that the people of Mendon should 
not remove from the place without leave and those who 
had done so should immediately return." Some of the 
names of the slain are learned through a petition of 
Matthias Puffer who asked to be excused from going 
back to Mendon. The petition is at the State House, in 
the State Archives, Vol. LXVIIL, page no: in it he 
says, — My wife was slaine by the barbarous Indians and 
my eldest son. 

In Braintree records are the following entries : — 

Matthias Puffer and Rachel Farnsworth were married 
18, 1 mo. 1*562. 

Joseph Puffer, the son of Matthias Puffer and Rachell 
his wife, borne 1 mo. 17, 1663. 

John Puffer, son of Matthias Puffer and Rachell his 
wife borne 8 mo. 10, 1665. 

Which proves clearly that two of the victims were 
RACHEL PUFFER and 
JOSEPH PUFFER. 



1903.] MENDON MASSACRE MONUMENT. J 05 

The children of Matthias and Rachel Puffer were 

Joseph, born in Braintree, March 17, 1663. 

John 3 , " " " Oct. 10, 1665. 

James, " " Mendon, June 4, 1668; m. Dec. 17, 1695, 
Abigail Newton of Milton; and d. 1718. He had four 
daughters, and some of their descendants are now living 
in Canton. 

Esther, born probably in Mendon; m. June 2, 1697, Wil- 
liam Sumner of Milton. From her came the late William 
S. Appleton, who published a genealogy of the Puffer 
Family. 

John 3 Puffer (Matthias 2 , George 1 ), the second son, 
was under ten years of age at the time of the massacre. 
He escaped with his father, and through him many 
families of Canton and Dedham are descended from 
Rachel Puffer. He married in Dorchester, Dec. 17, 1695, 
Mary Holbrook. His brother James was married the 
same day. He lived in that part of Dorchester, after- 
ward Stoughton, now Canton, and died Jan. 16, 1751. 
Children : — 

John 4 , born Oct. 3, 1698. 

Miriam, born Aug. 14, 1702; m. Jan. 11, 1720, Benjamin 

Waite. 
Mary, born Nov. 3, 1706 ; m. at Boston, Jan. 26, 1726, 
Samuel Belcher. 

John 4 Puffer (Jokn z , Matthias 2 , George 1 ) was born 
Oct. 3, 1698, and died Feb. 21, 1765 ; married Dec. 14, 1725, 
Abigail Vose, daughter of John and Sarah (Clap) Vose, 
who died Feb. 8, 1774. Children : — 

Hannah, b. Oct. 15, 1726; m. Elijah Baker; has descend- 
ants in Milton and Boston. 
Mary, born in 1728 ; m. Jonathan Farrington ; several of 
her descendants are now living in Canton and Milton. 
Seth 5 , born March 11, 1731. 

Sarah, born May 20, 1733 ; m. Feb. 1, 1754, Samuel Went- 
worth. They have many descendants in Canton, Stough- 
ton and Milton. 



106 MENDON MASSACBE MONUMENT. [Oct. 

Abigail 6 , born April 26, 1739 ; m. James Endicott. 
Bathsheba, born Nov. 15, 1745 ; m. Dec. 5, 1765, Jacob 

Shepard. Some of their descendants live in Canton 

and Stoughton. 

Seth 5 Puffer (John*, John z , Matthias 1 , George^) was 
borrrin Stoughton, March n, 1731 ; married Patience Tol- 
man, and died in 1786. Children born in Stoughton: — 

Miriam, born July 9, 1755; m. 1779, Abijah Tisdale of 

Stoughtonham (now Sharon). 
Sarah, born Oct. 15, 1757; m. July 31, 1777, Nathaniel 

Tilden, Jr., of Stoughton. 
Eunice, born April 3, 1762; m. June 10, 1784, Mace Tis- 
dale of Easton. 
Elijah, born July 22, 1764. 
Hannah, born Jan. 18, 1770 ; m. John Randall, 2d, of 

Easton. 
Abigail, born Oct. 11, 1772. 

Abigail 5 Puffer (John*, John*, Matthias 1 , George^) 
was born in Canton, April 26, 1739, and died May 26, 1833. 
She frequently spoke of the massacre, and said that " her 
grandfather's brother was caught by the Indians who 
seized him by the heels and dashed out his brains on the 
door-sill of the barn." She married, 1761, Captain James 
Endicott of Canton, son of James and Esther (Clap) 
Endicott. Children of James and Abigail (Puffer) 
Endicott :— 

Hannah Endicott 6 , born Oct. 26, 1761 ; d. June 3, 1860 ; 
m. July 17, 1791, John Eaton of Dedham. From her 
are descended Eatons of Dedham, the writer of this 
paper, and many connections. 
John Endicott, born Feb. 4, 1764; d. June 31, 1857; m. 
June 14, 1787, Mary Humphrey. He is the subject of 
the paper in the Register, Vol. VI., page 45, and is 
ancestor of Henry E. Weatherbee of Westwood, repre- 
sentative to the General Court. 
James Endicott 6 , born April 30, 1766; d. Feb. 22, 1834; 
m. Betsey Crane. 






1903.] MENDON MASSACBE MONUMENT. 107 

Elijah Endicott 6 , born June 20, 1768 ; d. Nov. 4, 1844 ; 
m. in 1800, Mary Spurr ; she d. May 22, 1807 ; and he 
m. 2dly, Oct. 31, 1813, Cynthia Childs. 

Abigail Endicott, born May 17, 1771 ; d. Oct. 9, 1857 ; 
m. Laban Lewis. They left no children. 

Children of James 6 and Betsey (Crane) Endicott: — ; 

George, born June 14, 1802 ; m. Sarah L. Munroe ; had 
two sons, Francis and George Munroe Endicott. 

John, born Jan. 21, 1807; m. April 21, 1838, Ann M 
Ellis of Dedham. Children : Frederic Endicott, of Can- 
ton, born April 2, 1839, who has been of great assistance 
in collecting these items of the family record ; William 
Ellis Endicott ; Marion Endicott, who m. Capen Brown. 

Harriet, born Sept. 3, 1810; m. William N. Owen, of 
Dedham, and removed to Lowell. 

Jane, born July 28, 1812 ; m. William Ellis of Dedham. 

William, born Aug. 20, 1816; m. Mary Munroe. Had 
one daughter who owns and lives in her grandfather 

L ^* A ii*Aj^-J? nc ^ cott ' s hcmsejxin Canton. 

And six others who left no children. 

Children of Elijah 6 and Mary (Spurr) Endicott :— 

James, born Nov. 23, 1801 ; went to Chelsea and was in 

business with his brother-in-law, Albert Bisbee. 
Mary, born April 13, 1807 ; m. Albert Bisbee of Chelsea. 

Children of Elijah 6 and Cynthia (Childs) Endicott : — 

Emily, born Feb. 14, 1814. 

Evelina, born July 29, 1815. 

Elizabeth, born Feb. 13, 1817 ; m. William Billings. 

Augustus B., born Sept. 10, 1818; formerly High Sheriff 
of Norfolk County, and now President of the Dedham 
National Bank, and of the Dedham Institution for 
Savings. 

Elijah, born May 6, 1821 ; lived in Chelsea. His son, 
Eugene F. Endicott, b. Oct. 14, 1848, was mayor of that 
city in 1885 and '86. 

Charles, born Oct. 28, 1822, late Commissioner of Cor- 
porations, and formerly Treasurer of the Commonwealth. 



108 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Oct. 

Henry, born Nov. 14, 1824, lives in Cambridge; in 1887, 
'88 and '89 was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of 
Massachusetts, F. and A. M. 

The name of the Indian chief is preserved in Mark- 
ham's History. " Near the close of the war, in July, 1676, 
a well-known Nipmuck, Sagamore John, brought in (to 
Boston) 180 of his men and submitted. To gain favor 
with the English he brought with him Mattoonas . . . this 
Mattoonas was the Indian who first shed English blood 
in the Massachusetts Colony in King Philip's War, for 
it was he who committed the murders at Mendon the 
year before. The Council turned him over to the Indians 
who had a grudge against him, and they tomahawked 
him on Boston Common." 

The monument is a slab of polished granite fastened 
to a bowlder of the region, and is set in the fork of the 
road opposite to the site of Matthias Puffer's house, 
which was in the corner of the field just east of the monu- 
ment. It is said that some trace of the well can still be 
seen there. The location is one mile south from Mendon 
Centre on the road to Blackstone, and is called Fletcher's 
corner. Miss Fletcher was very kind in pointing out 
these details when the writer visited the spot. 

The monument was erected in December, 1901, under 
the auspices of the Mendon Historical Society, and was 
presented to the town by General William F. Draper, 
George A. Draper and Eben S. Draper, of Hopedale ; the 
presentation address being made by the last metioned. 



THE EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT 

VOLUNTEER INFANTRY IN THE REBELLION, 

Together with some Personal Reminiscences. 

By Lieut. Amasa Guild, of Company F. 

( Continued from page 83.) 

About this time, the first part of November, 1861, 
there were probably nearly one hundred thousand troops 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 109 

encamped in the vicinity of Washington, and they were 
continually being added to. Not a great distance from 
our camp was a division composed of Germans, under 
command of General Blenker, the men who later on 
"fought mit Siegel." The greater portion could hardly 
speak English, and discipline was very lax, many of the 
men straggling about from camp to camp at their own 
sweet will. 

General Porter determined to put a stop to this, and 
one day patrol guards from different regiments were sent 
out to arrest all men absent from their camps without 
leave. A guard from our regiment, consisting of about a 
dozen men, which included the writer, under command 
of Lieutenant Bugbee of Co. I, started out, overhauled 
and arrested three or four men belonging to one of the 
German regiments, and marched them to their camp, 
which was situated on the side of a hill a little back from 
the road. On nearing the camp our prisoners cried out 
in German to their friends for assistance, a few of whom 
came rushing down to the road shouting and gesticulating. 
The rumpus brought pretty nearly the whole regiment 
upon us, and we were obliged to come to a halt. Many 
of them ran back to their quarters, and getting their 
muskets, returned, loading as they came. Matters looked 
squally for us, surrounded as we were by the excited mob, 
over which their own officers had no control ; we were 
obliged to release our prisoners, but that did not seem to 
appease them. We used the butts of our muskets, which 
were not loaded, pretty freely in order to keep them at 
bay, but they were too many for us, and we were beginning 
to get very much scared, when out of the woods in the 
rear of their camp, marched the whole of the 9th Mass., 
which passed along in the rear of our assailants between 
them and their line of tents; the Germans rinding such a 
formidable force in their rear got alarmed and withdrew 
from the attack on us. We were quick to take advantage 



HO EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Oct. 

of this and marched hurriedly back to our camp. On 
taking account of the injuries, we found that some of our 
men had been pretty roughly handled, one of them getting 
a bayonet wound in the leg. There is no question that, 
but for the sudden appearance of the 9th Mass. just in the 
nick of time, it would have gone hard with us, probably 
resulting in loss of life. We had the satisfaction, however, 
of knowing afterwards that the work of the several patrols 
on that day had a very good effect on the discipline of 
those German regiments, and when these very same men, 
later, came in contact with the enemy, they gave a good 
account of themselves. 

The 25th New York was in our brigade. Colonel 
Kerrigan, its commander, was suspected of " giving in- 
formation to the enemy," and his arrest ordered. General 
Martindale, having reason to fear that Kerrigan's men 
might interfere with the arrest and create some trouble, 
arranged to have most of the men out of the way by 
having them detailed for fatigue duty, building roads, etc. 
Our regiment, when going on brigade drill, usually had 
issued to it five rounds of blank cartridges, on this one 
particular occasion ball cartridges were issued, for what 
reason, at the time, the men could not understand. The 
mystery was soon explained, however, when with the 2d 
Maine and Follett's 3d Mass. battery, we marched to, 
and were drawn up in line in front of the camp of the 
25th New York. General Martindale and Colonel Barnes 
then stepped into Colonel Kerrigan's tent and arrested 
him. It was said, afterwards, that he escaped punishment 
from the fact that he was still a member of Congress from 
the State of New York. Colonel Johnson succeeded to 
the command of the regiment, and there was no further 
trouble. The regiment was mostly Irish, and they made 
a fine record during their two years of service. 

Our picket line extended for miles, and was usually 
some four miles in advance of the camps of the troops, 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. HI 

which camps, on the Virginia side of the the Potomac 
River, were distant some eight or nine miles from Wash- 
ington, so that the pickets of each regiment, connecting, 
on the outer circle formed a continuous line surrounding 
the whole army. A countersign, the name of some battle 
which had occurred during the Revolutionary or Mexican 
wars, such as " Bunker Hill," " Saratoga," or " Monterey," 
was given out from army headquarters to the men on the 
picket line only, and was changed every twenty-four 
hours. No person, except on some special business, 
could cross this line either way without giving the proper 
countersign for the day or night. While our regiment 
and the 25th New York were on picket one day, two men 
of the latter regiment deserted to the enemy, consequently 
the countersign had to be changed at once for the whole 
line, as these men having knowledge of it might have 
given it to the Rebels who could have made use of it to 
our great disadvantage. 

Strict orders, emenating from the headquarters of the 
army, were repeatedly issued to the troops, that all 
property, of whatever kind, belonging to the inhabitants, 
whether loyal or disloyal to the government, in the 
territory occupied, or to be occupied, by the Union army, 
must not be taken, stolen or destroyed. This was in the 
early part of the war; later these orders were very much 
modified. 

A picket guard has two hours on and four hours off, 
and the number of men sent out from camp for this duty 
is generally large enough to make three reliefs ; and while 
one relief was on duty the other two would be camped just 
in the rear of the line in some convenient spot, and these 
were called the " Reserve." One night when a detail from 
our regiment was on picket, the writer was corporal of 
one of the reliefs which was out on the line. I was back 
on the reserve, and was supposed to keep awake while 
my relief was on duty; a musket shot out on the line was 



112 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Oct. 

heard, which aroused the men on the reserve, and it was 
my business to go out and see what the trouble was. I 
went at once, beginning at Post number one, on the right, 
I asked : " Who fired the shot ? " The reply was : " It 
was down the line." The next man made the same reply, 
but when I got about half way through the line the 
answer began to be that " the firing was up the line," and 
this statement was made to the very last post ; not a man 
knew anything about it, and I could not get any satis- 
faction. I suspected, however, that there was some " funny 
business" going on. I went back to the reserve and 
reported to the commanding officer that I could not 
locate the man who fired the gun ; he ordered me back 
again to make another try, but it was of no use; one 
would think from the replies to my questions that the 
men were as stupid as owls, but I knew better, and the 
development came in the morning when the men could 
be seen quietly cooking their breakfasts, and there was 
something simmering in the frying pans besides salt 
pork. I was later approached by one of the men, who 
said : " Corporal, would you like a little fresh beef for 
your breakfast?" I replied emphatically that I should. 
Well, it was nice and tender and very acceptable. 

About the middle of the forenoon, into our camp 
walked a " Secesh," who owned a farm near us, complain- 
ing to the commander of the pickets that one of his cows 
had been shot during the night, and demanded a settle- 
ment at once. Inquiry was set on foot, and though the 
officers found it difficult, they located the man who shot 
the cow, and fined him, I think, thirty dollars, the com- 
pany to which he belonged making it up to him from 
their company fund. 

A story is told of a soldier from the State of Maine 
who, being on the picket line one day, observed a nice 
fat turkey, on which he cast a longing eye, slowly ap- 
proaching his beat. As he could not shoot it for fear of 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 113 

making trouble, he waited for it to get close enough so 
that he might get his hands on it, but his desire for that 
turkey was so great that his patience gave out, and he 
went for it. In the eagerness of the chase, round and 
round through the bushes, they made so much noise that 
it attracted the attention of his Colonel, who happened to 
be near by. The Colonel started for the man crying 
''halt ! " "halt ! " but the man was too much engrossed in 
the pursuit, apparently, to notice his command. As the 
Colonel neared the man, still commanding "halt !" "halt!" 
"halt!" the man reached the turkey, and raising the butt 
of his musket knocked it over, saying "there, darn ye," 
when the Colonel says "halt! you halt." It is said that the 
Colonel was very nice about it, and had fricasseed turkey 
himself for supper that night. 

November 19, 1861, a squad of men belonging to the 
13th New York were taken prisoners by a body of Rebel 
Cavalry just beyond Falls Church. Governor Andrew's 
Thanksgiving proclamation was read to the regiment at 
dress parade. 

There were rumors that American citizens in Paris 
had arranged to present a French Zouave uniform, with 
equipments complete, to three of the best drilled regi- 
ments in the Army of the Potomac. There were many 
who did not give credence to this story, but we had 
reason to think that Colonel Barnes believed it, as the 
drilling of the men went on with increased vigor. A 
little later it was reported that the regiments selected 
were the 44th New York (Ellsworth Avengers), 83d 
Pennsylvania and the 18th Massachusetts, also that we 
were to have them very soon. Little faith was placed by 
us in these reports, as so many stories of various kinds 
had been circulated which had never materialized. But 
it so happened in this case, much to our surprise, that 
there were such uniforms in the hands of the government, 



114 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS REGIMENT [Oct. 

and our regiment received one thousand of them, as did 
each of the other regiments spoken of. 

It was termed a " French Chasseur " uniform, and 
there was everything in the equipment that a soldier 
could possibly need, and very much more ; but we found 
before we got through with it, that it was something of an 
elephant on our hands. It was well enough for parades, 
etc., but for campaigning, such as we had later on, it was 
of no use. To have transported this uniform, and all that 
went with it, would have required all the teams of a 
division. The individual soldier dressed in this uniform 
was certainly not an object of admiration, but the regi- 
ment, as a body, on parade looked fine. 

We never realized what small men the Frenchmen 
were until we received this uniform. All men in the 
regiment who had ever been tailors, together with many 
assistants, were specially detailed to the work of refitting 
to suit the size of the big men, of which our regiment 
boasted many. Now this refitting business is perhaps 
easy where a garment is to be made smaller, but when 
it is to be made much larger it requires generalship of 
the first order. 

The dress cap was of dark leather, trimmed with 
black, with a black feather plume. The jacket was dark 
blue, trimmed with yellow, with a single row of silver 
buttons, also epaulets of green trimmed with yellow. The 
trousers were of heavy light blue cloth, very loose and 
baggy. The shoes were low, of russet leather and hob- 
nailed, over which were light cotton gaiters, and above 
them, extending to the knee, tight fitting leather leggings. 
Instead of overcoats we had a long cloth cape with a 
hood. The fatigue cap was blue trimmed with yellow, 
and had ear laps. There was also a fatigue jacket of blue. 
The knapsacks were of cowhide with the hair on, also 
belts and cartridge boxes. The tents were of dark 
brown canvas, round, with centre pole, accommodating 



1903.] 



IN THE REBELLION. 



115 



sixteen men ; smaller tents were provided for picket and 
campaign purposes. Cooking utensils of various kinds 
and sizes were part of the equipment. Soon after we 
received these uniforms, a cut of which is here given, 

various statements were made 
as to how the government came 
into possession of them, it be- 
ing denied that American resi- 
dents in Paris presented them. 
This statement was generally 
accepted as true, that Gen. Fre- 
mont, commanding the Union 
forces in Missouri, who had just 
been relieved, in his extrava- 
gance had purchased these uni- 
forms in France for some of his 
troops, the government paying 
for them; and having them on 
its hands the war department 
conceived the idea of presenting 
the three thousand uniforms to 
the three best drilled regiments 
in the Army of the Potomac. 

As to the best drilled regi- 
ments, there is no doubt that 
our regiment stood high in this 
respect, but there must have certainly been a hundred 
others just as good; but then there were not French 
uniforms enough for them all. 

The weather grew colder, especially at night, as winter 
approached. In the tent of sixteen men over which the 
writer presided, we had what was called a " California 
Stove." A hole about two feet square and a foot and 
half deep, in which a wood fire could be made, was dug 
in the ground near the middle of the tent. A flue, under- 
ground and near the surface, ran to a chimney on the 




116 EIGHTEENTH MASSACHUSETTS BEG1MENT [Oct. 

outside, built of bricks, stone and barrels, cemented out- 
side and in, with a little of the " sacred soil of Virginia." 
To make a better draught another underground conduit 
for cold air, from the opposite side of the tent entered the 
hole in which the fire was. This system kept the ground 
dry and gave us heat at the same time. All of the tents 
had wooden floors on which the men slept, and in , this 
floor nearly every man had a little wooden trap where he 
would stow his food and other belongings. Thanksgiving 
Day was spent by the men in playing foot ball and other 
games. Our dinner that day did not consist of roast turkey, 
plum pudding, mince and apple pies, but of " salt junk," 
hard bread and coffee. Our friends at home, however, had 
not forgotten us, as owing to delay boxes filled with a com- 
plete and bountiful Thanksgiving dinner for Company F 
of Dedham reached us later. Our tent's crew had a 
celebration a few nights after Thanksgiving. One of the 
men received a box from home containing roast chicken, 
plum pudding, pies and cake, and as we had received two 
months' pay that day, we visited the sutler and bought 
more edibles to add to the banquet. We had a grand 
time, the occasion being enlivened by speech and song 
till sometime after "taps ;" the jollification only coming to 
an end, by orders of a special guard who demanded that 
the lights be put out at once, or the whole gang would 
be taken to the guard house. 

Preparatory to going on regimental or brigade drill, 
the companies would form on the parade ground and 
wheel into column of companies ; and then took place 
what was called equalizing companies. Enough men 
were taken from the left of large companies and placed 
with the smaller ones, so that the number of men and 
files in each company would be the same, the movements 
of the regiment being easier and much more perfect on 
drill. 



1903.] IN THE REBELLION. 117 

As the smaller men on the left of the company were 
the men who were taken and distributed, there was 
always more or less complaint coming from them. The 
writer was among the smaller men, but was kept with the 
company to which he belonged as he was a corporal. A 
suggestion from one of these smaller men was, " why not 
take them off the right of the company once in a while ?," 
which remark came to the ears of the Colonel, and he 
being a just man thought he would adopt the suggestion ; 
so one day he ordered the overplus of men to be taken 
from the right of companies to their great surprise. The 
captains of those companies kicked, as they hated to 
lose their fine, big, handsome men. This scheme was 
tried just once, and the little fellows had to take it ever 
after. 

Captain Stephen Thomas of Company D was the 
most corpulent officer in the regiment, weighing about 
two hundred and twenty-five pounds. He had been 
sometime in the State Militia previous to the war, and 
consequently was well posted in the " evolutions of the 
battalion." One day the regiment was out for drill, and 
were marching in column of division, that is two com- 
panies front, when the Colonel gave the order to double 
quick, Capt. Thomas, in advance of the first division, 
tripped and fell ; quick as a flash he roared, " pass 
obstacle;" the right company was ordered by its com- 
mander to right oblique, and the left company by its 
commander to left oblique, and each successive division 
executed the same movement. After passing the "obstacle" 
the regiment came to a halt, and both officers and men 
were in such roars of laughter that they were unable to 
continue the drill for some little time. 

Captain Carroll secured a leave of absence to go home 
for ten days. The men of Company F wished him a 
pleasant trip and sent many messages to their friends. 

(To be continued.) 



118 STOUGHTONHAM DEATHS. [Oct. 

DEATHS IN STOUGHTONHAM (NOW SHARON). 

Commencing with the minutes from the diary of the Rev d 

Philip Curtis, giving the names of the number 

who have died in the six years past. 

By William R. Mann. 

( Continued from page 102.) 

Mrs. Mary Capen, wife of Mr. Ezekiel Capen died January 15. 1829 

Mr. Seth Day, died January 16. 1829. aged 42 years. 

Mr. Joseph White, Jr. died January 17. 1829 aged 43 years 

Mr. Benjamin Sumner died January 21. 1829. 

Benjamin F. son of Mr. Charles and Mrs Elizabeth Richards died 

Feby 10. 1829 aged 6. weeks 
Mr. Jonathan Fales, died March 8. 1829. aged 76. years. 
Mr. David Drake, died March 20. 1829. aged 72 years 
Mrs Harlow, widow of the late Matthew H. Harlow died April 7, 

1829 aged 79 years 
Mrs Hannah Lothrop, wife of Mr Oliver Lothrop died April 30 1829. 

aged 45 years 
Mr Hobbs Johnson, died May 19. 1829. 
Mr. Samuel Johnson, died June 24 1829. aged 42 years 
Mrs. Mary Ide, widow of Benjamin Ide died July 12. 1829. aged 70 

years 
Mrs. Mercy Capen, widow of the late Mr. Elijah Capen died July 16 

1829. in her 94 year 
Mrs. Sally Manly, widow of the late Mr David Manly died Oct. 21. 

1829 aged 46 years 

Mr. Caleb Johnson died December 29. 1829 aged 79. years 

Mrs. Irene, wife of Mr. Warren Smith died December 30. 1829. aged 

22 years 
Harriet, Daughter of Mr. William and Mary Tolman died January 30 

1830 aged 6 mo 8 . 

Mr. George Fairbanks, died January 8. 1830. 

Miss Nabby E. Holmes, Daughter of Lieut. W m . Holmes dec d and 

Mrs. Sibel Holmes died Feby. 17. 1830 in her 47 th year. 
Mrs. Mary, widow of the late Capt William Billings died March 13. 

1830 in her 84 th year. 

(To be continued.) 



1903.] ALDIS FAMILY. 119 

THE ALDIS FAMILY IN AMERICA, 1640-1800. 

Compiled by Frederick H. Whitin, 

a Descendant of the Ninth Generation. 

( Continued from page 94.) 

19. Ruth 5 Aldis {Nathan* [10], John m , Nathan 1 ) 
was baptised at Dedham, Feb. 26, 1727 (II. 42), and died 
there March 3, 1803. She married at Dedham, Jan. 13, 
1764 (II. 120), Joseph Metcalf, son of Joseph and Mehit- 
able (Savells) Metcalf, born at Dedham, May 10, 1710, 
died Feby. 25, 1785. Ruth Aldis is called "of Roxbury" 
on the marriage record. She signed a deed in 1759 in 
which she is called " Spinster." Issue recorded in 
Dedham : — 

1. Joseph 6 , b. May 20, 1765 ; m. Rebecca Fairbanks. 

11. Nathan 6 , b July 15, 1767 ; m. Olive Estabrook. 

in. John 6 , b. May 7, 1769 ; m. Kezia Reed, 

iv. Thomas 6 , b. Jany. 16, 1771 ; m. Sally Chase. 

Special reference : N. E. Hist. Gen. Reg. Vol. VI., 
P. 175. 

20. John 6 Aldis {John h [16], Nathan*, John*'*, 
Nathan)-) was baptised Dedham, Feb. 24, 1734 (II. 47) ; 
was received by the Second Church of Wrentham, Aug. 
2 6, 1753; and died Wrentham (T. R.) (Franklin T. R., p. 
143), July 4, 1773 (Gravestone Franklin Cemetery "in the 
40th year of his age ")• He married at Wrentham, June 
19, 1770 (T. R.), Esther Wright, daughter of Jonathan and 
Rebecca (Wilson) Wright of Wrentham. She was born 
at Wrentham, April 5, 1743 (T. R.), and died, Franklin, 
June 16, 1824 (p. 153 and gravestone). John Aldis of 
Wrentham gave quit claim of his interest in the estate of 
" my Hond. Father, John Aldis, late of Wrentham, deed," 
consisting of lands in Wrentham, Roxbury, Dedham and 
Bellingham for ^102 to Nathan Aldis (Suffolk Deeds, 
90, 229). 



120 ALDIS FAMILY. [Oct. 

Nathan Aldis " of Wrentham, Gentleman " was ad- 
mitted administrator of estate of John Aldis of Wren- 
tham, Sept. 3, 1773 (Suffolk Probate, Vol. 73, p. 180). The 
distribution amounting to ,£242.8.11 was made Dec. 3, 
1782, to Widow Esther and children Mehitable, Eunice 
and Sarah by Elisha Burr, of Bellingham, adm'r, Stephen 
Metcalf being deceased (Vol. 80, p. 792 ; 82, p. 131). On 
the same date, John Crooks of Franklin was appointed 
guardian for Hitty, Eunice and Sarah Aldis, minors 
under 14 years, children of John Aldis of Franklin. He 
was succeeded, 1787, by John Metcalf of Franklin (Vol. 
81, p. 687 ; 82, p. yy) t Issue (Franklin T. R., p.io):— 

I. Mehitable 7 ,* b. July 28, 1770 ; bapt. Franklin, Dec. 23, 
1770 (Ch. Rec). 

25 ii. Eunice 7 , b. Sept. 24, 1771. 

26 in. Sarah 7 , b. March 3, 1773. 

21. Nathan 6 ! Aldis (John* [16], Nathan*, John™, 
Nathan^) was baptised at Dedham, Aug. 17, 1735 (II. 49), 
and died at Boston, May 25, 1775. He married at Wren- 
tham, Sept. 23, 1762 (T. R.), Sarah Metcalf, daughter of 
Jonathan and Hannah Metcalf, born, Wrentham, Sept. 
12, 1739 ; died there May 6, 1773 (T. R.). 

Daniel Pond, of Medway, was appointed, April 2, 
1779, guardian for Asa Aldis, aged under 14 years, son of 
Nathan Aldis, late of Wrentham, yeoman, deceased. 
(Suffolk Probate, Vol. 75, p. 130). 

An inventory of the " estate of Nathan Aldis, an 

*The date of birth of Mehitable 7 is recorded as 1760, which is proved an 
error by guardianship papers, which are confirmed by date of baptism. No 
record of marriage or death of Mehitable 7 appear, nor does the correspondent 
mentioned below recollect her, while remembering perfectly her sisters, 
" Cousin Eunice Ware," of Franklin, and " Cousin Sarah Blackington," of 
Attleboro; conclusion, died young. 

fFor an interesting account of Nathan 8 Aldis, see Blake's " History of 
Franklin," 1879, p. 140. Franklin was set off from Wrentham, 1778. From the 
description of his property, it would seem as if John 8 Aldis settled close to the 
western boundaryof the land of the Dedham proprietors, for his ''home-place" 
was partly in Bellingham (Mendon Grant), so the family became identified with 
Franklin, Asa 7 always considering that town his birth-place. 



1903.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 121 

absentee, deceased, late of Wrentham, Gentleman," taken 
Jan. 15, 1782, gives :— 

Personal Property, £89. 

Real Estate, 1350. 

Debts, 587. 

These latter included 

To Esther Aldis & heirs of John Aid is [the 

executor's account], ;£240. 

To Mehitable Wood [a sister], 39. 

To Ebenezer Aldis [a brother], 8. 

Final statement was made Jan. 1794, with " Asa 
Aldis, the only heir of the deceased" (Vol. 81, p. 94; 81, 
106 ; 93, no). Issue (recorded at Wrentham) : — 

1. Sarah 7 , b. Jan. 30, 1764; d. Wrentham, Feb. 7, 1767. 
11. John 7 , b. April 9, 1766; ) died before 1776 for no 

111. Nathan 7 , b. Feb. 28, 1768; J guardian was appointed. 
27 iv. Asa 7 , b. April 14, 1770. 

(To be continued.) 



SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS IN NEEDHAM. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL. B. 
(Continued from page 98.) 

In the summer of 1763 Mrs. Lydia (Fuller) Drury, wife 
of Joseph, taught six weeks, and in the summer of 1769 two 
months.* 

In the winter prior to March 29, 1764, Dr. Nathaniel 
Ames, Jr. (Harvard 1761, A. M.), kept school six weeks, and 
boarded with Ebenezer Fisher (South). 

In the winter of 1763-4 Benjamin Godfrey taught seven 
weeks at the Great Plain, and four weeks at the West End. 
He apparently boarded with Lieut. Amos Fuller while teaching 

*In August, 1895, Horace Mann wrote, " Beyond this, near the dwell- 
ing of W. W. Wight, one sees a small building painted red. It has been 
a dwelling, a school house and a store. One of the Underwoods was the 
original owner of it, then Joseph Drury. There his wife taught school for 
the west end of Needham and some of the Natick people." 



122 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS [Oct. 

at the Great Plain, and with Thomas Hall while at the West 
End . The same winter Joseph Ward kept school two months 
and boarded with Samuel Huntting ' ' when he Kept School at 
ye School house near Said Hunttings." 

Mrs. Elizabeth Haven taught six weeks in 1764, and 
boarded with James Mann. 

Joseph Fisher taught two months and three days in the 
winter ending early in 1765. 

On March 11, 1765, the town dismissed a petition of 
Jonathan Smith and others that they might have a portion of 
the school money to expend, and also a petition of Samuel 
Daniell and others in reference to a school house. On the 
question to see " if the Town Will approve of the School 
house Being Sold that Stands near M r Joseph Mudgs house ; 
that was Stated there by a Vote of the town," the vote was in 
the negative. 

Miss Jemima Skinner, born August 18, 1745, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Joanna (Bacon) Skinner, taught eight weeks at 
the Great Plain in 1765, and seventeen weeks (place not 
stated) in the summer of 1766. She married Jonathan Kings- 
bury, December 24, 1767. 

Mrs. Mary Newell taught twelve weeks in 1765 "at y e 
School House near M r Jonathan Smiths," eight weeks in 1769 
at the school house "Near Ensn Ephraim Bullard's." It is a 
question whether the title of "Mrs." indicated a married woman. 
Some of the teachers were widows, but a married woman who 
had a family probably had enough to do without keeping 
school, and, moreover, her wages would have been paid to her 
husband, or if to her by his consent, his name would appear in 
the order. 

Nehemiah Mills had a school one month in the winter late 
in 1765 or early in 1766. He was born August 20, 1739, son 
of Nehemiah and Patience (Ball?) Mills. 

Samuel Baldwin (of Weston, March 30, 1758, when he 



1903.] IN NEEDEAM. 123 

married Mrs. Sarah Deming of Needham) taught three months 
in the winter of 1765-6. 

In the winter ending in the spring of 1767, Noah Vialas 
taught six weeks at the school house near Jonathan Smith's 
with whom he boarded part of the time. The next winter he 
taught two months in the same place, and boarded five weeks 
and three days with Jesse Kingsbury. Mr. Yialas taught six 
weeks in the West End early in 1769, and boarded with 
John Bacon. 

Mrs. Mary Goodenow, Jr., taught seven weeks in the 
summer of 1767 in what is now Wellesley. Mrs. Goodenow, 
wife of Elijah, taught for a time (place uncertain) in 1766 or 
1767, as did Jemima Kingsbery and Mrs. Zeruiah (Drury) 
Bacon, wife of John Bacon, Jr. (treasurer's book). 

Abigail Fisher taught nine weeks in 1768, eight in the 
summer of 1769 (South), and boarded herself for £2, 2 s., 8 d. 
She had the same school twelve weeks in 1770. She was a 
daughter of Dea. John and Mary (Fuller) Fisher, and married 
December 24, 1772, Jeremiah Daniell, who died in 1784, and 
she married secondly, November 23, 1788, John Wilson of 
Dedham, and died in 1801. 

William Fuller taught seven week in 1768 at the Great 
Plain school house, one month in 1769 in the West (Wellesley) , 
five weeks in the winter ending in 1772 at the Upper Falls, 
and two weeks the next winter, place uncertain, when he 
boarded himself. In the winter of 1774-5 he taught seven 
weeks at the Lower Falls, and boarded himself for £4, 4 s. 

Samuel Shuttle worth (Harvard 1777, A. M., later a 
minister) taught ten weeks at the Great Plain early in 1769, 
and boarded with Ebenezer Fuller. The next winter he had 
the school at the Great Plain seven weeks and boarded himself. 
(£4, 4 s.) Teachers boarded with Ebenezer Fuller at other 
times, including 1773, but their names are not given. 

Zephaniah Briggs taught three weeks in the South part of 
the town early in 1769. "July 2 [1769] Zepheniah Brigs 



124 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. [Oct. 

admitted to full Communion." "May 2 [1773] Zepheniah 
Brigs was dismissed & recommended to y e Chh of X in 
Northborough." (Church Records.) 

Jonathan Newell, a minor, son of Josiah, Jr. (Esq.), 
taught six weeks in the winter late in 1768 or early in 1769, 
and the next winter one month in the school house near his 
home (South). In March and a part of April, 1772, he had a 
school and boarded himself. Jonathan graduated at Harvard 
College, 1770, A. M., and was the minister in Stow from 
October 11, 1774, until his death, October 4, 1830, aged 81 
years. 

Hannah Blake taught one month in 1769, six weeks and 
three days in the summer of 1771 "at pine Plain" at William 
Leverett's house, and one month in 1772, place not stated. 

Eichard Evens taught at the West End one month ending 
February 12, 1770, and boarded with David Hall. 

John Butler taught « « Near the Lower falls in Needham " 
two months late in 1769 or early in 1770, and also one month 
in the South when he boarded with Lieut Ebenezer Fisher. 

Mrs. Sarah Pratt taught ^ve weeks in the summer of 1769, 
and boarded herself, three weeks in September, 1771, and 
boarded herself, places uncertain, and eight weeks each in the 
summers of 1770 and 1771 "near the Lower falls," and 
boarded herself. In the summer of 1773 she taught in the 
school house at "Birch Plain," and boarded herself, for 5 s., 
4 d. per week, and in the summer of 1774 she taught twelve 
weeks in the Brick school house, and boarded herself, for 4 s., 
8 d. per week. Elijah Pratt married Sarah Woodward, March 
10, 1762. Sarah Pratt married Jonathan Kingsbury, Jr., 
May 9, 1775. 

Miss Hannah Day kept school eight weeks in the summer 
of 1770 at the Centre school house, which then stood on the 
opposite side of the road from the Metcalf homestead. The 
Convalescent Home of the Children's Hospital is now on the 



1903.] TOLMAN FAMILY. 125 

Metcalf farm. Hannah Day married Samuel Dix of Waltham, 
August 3, 1773. 

Miss Kachel Newell taught nine weeks in the summer of 
1770. "Nov r 4 th 1773. Edward Foster of Sturbridge was 
Married to Kachel Newell of Needham." (Church records.) 

(To be continued.) 



NEEDHAM BRANCH OF THE TOLMAN FAMILY. 

Compiled by Anna Maria (Tolman) Pickford, 

Lynn, Mass. 

{Continued from Vol. XI., page 147.) 

Here Lyes Buried 

Y e Body of Thomas 

Tolman Deceased 

9 September y e 

11 th Day 1718 

Aged About 

85 Years. 

Children : — 

Thomas 3 , b. 1664-5. 
Mary 3 , b. Nov. 26, 1671. 
Samuel 3 , b. June 11, 1676. 
Daniel 3 , b. May 1, 1679. 

Mary 3 , m. Ebenezer Crane. The History of Milton 
(p. 108) says: "Ebenezer Crane 6 th child of Henry and 
Elizabeth Kinley Crane, in December 1689, when twenty years 
of age, married Mary Tolman of Dorchester. They were 
married by Mr. Peter Thatcher. Mr. Crane served in Philip's 
War. He enlisted with the company which went with Sir 
William Phips' expedition to Quebec Aug. — 1690, under the 
command of Col. John Withington ; and was one of the 
twenty-nine who returned, out of the 75 sent by his native 
town. He was in Milton in 1714, as both he and his wife 
signed a deed December 24, 1714. One book of Crane gene- 
alogy says he was the son of Henry and Mary Dennison 
Crane of Milton. He evidently removed to that part of Brain- 



126 TOLM AN FAMILY. [Oct. 

tree which was later incorporated as the town of Quincy, and 
all of his children were born there. His wife was administratrix 
to his estate Aug. 21, 1726. Children : — 

Ebenezer 4 , b. Nov. 21, 1692; m. Elizabeth Cook. 
Ezekiel 4 , b. Nov. 28, 1 694. 
Daniel 4 , b. Feb., d. March 1696. 
Tabitha 4 , b. Dec. 27, 1697. 

Mary 4 , b. July 11, 1699 ; m. Robert Swan of Milton, April 
30, 1724. 

Elizabeth 4 , b. Jan. 17, 1702 ; m. Elisha Faxon. 

Lydia 4 , b. April 2, 1703 ; m. Zechariah Alden, of Boston. 

Edward 4 , b. Aug. 12, 1705. 

Henry 4 , b. Feb. 29, 1708; m. Mehitable Vose, Sept. 6, 

1727 (?). 
Thomas 4 , b. May 12, 1710 ; m. Deborah Owen, Jan. 13,1732. 
Benjamin 4 , b. Oct,22, 1712; m. AnnaBrackett, May 12,1737. 
Abijah 4 , b. Nov. 2, 1714 ; m. 1st Sarah Field ; she d. Sept. 

3, 1742 ; m. 2dly Sarah Beverly. 

Samuel 3 , b. June 11 th , 1676 (Dor. Eec, p. 15). "Samuell 
Tolman was Married Unto Experience Clap November y e 21 st , 
1704, by y e Reverend Mr. John Danforth" (Dor. R., p. 104). 
She was " borne y c 31 9 83 in y e evening of y*day ; bapt. 
y e 2 10 83 " (Dor. Ch. Rec, p. 194) ; d. April 9, 1726. Buried 
at Upham's Corner, Dorchester. Gravestone reads ' 'Here lies 
y e Body of Experience Tolman wife to Samuel Tolman Aged 
43 years. Dec'd April y e 9 th 1726 " (N. E. Hist, and Gen. R., 
Vol. V ; page 257 from Milton Ch. R.). Samuel Tolman and 
Experience, his wife, were admitted to " full Communion," in 
the Dorchester Church May 2, 1708. Inscription on stone : 
"Here lies ye Body of Mr. Samuel Tolman who died May 
y e 18 th 1738 in y e 62 d year of his age." Children born in 
Dorchester : — 

Aquila 4 , b. Oct. 16, 1705 ; m. Waitstill Leadbetter, Oct. 
16, 1734. She was granddaughter to Sarah 2 (Tolman) 
Leadbetter. In ascending a ladder to a hay mow, he 
fell and was killed, Nov. 7, 1771. She d. June 4, 1784, 
aged 76. 



1903.] SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. 127 

Samuel 4 , b. Sept. 20, 1706; bapt. 29, 7, 1706; d. July 14, 
1707. 

Samuel 4 , b. Dec. 14, 1707 ; d. Feb. 22, 1708. 

Sarah 4 , b. Sept. 3, 1709. 

Priscilla 4 , b. Nov. 20, 1710; d. Jan. 11, 1710/11. 

Desire 4 , b. April 14, 1712; d. March 1759. 

Elizabeth 4 , b. June 12, 1714 ; d. Aug. 31, 1716. 

Johnson 4 , b. April 26, 1716 ; m. Elizabeth Capen, Oct. 31, 
1751. He d. Oct. 30, 1796. She d. Feb. 14, 1803. 

Samuel 4 , b. 17th day of October, 1717 ; m. Patience Hum- 
phreys, March 13, 1728. 

William 4 , b. Aug. 12, 1719 ; removed to Sharon, where he 
remained through life. 

Hopestill 4 , b. May 12, 1721 ; bapt. May 14, 1721. 

Elizabeth 4 , b. Jan. 14, 1723 ; m. Henry Bird, Junr., Jan. 
21, 1741. 

{To be contiuued.) 



THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF DEDHAM. 
By Carlos Slafter. 

( Continued from page 85.) 

Abbie Louisa Wight Everett in 1865 began to teach in 
the Westfield district and was soon transferred to the Readville 
School and remained there some years after it became the 
Damon School of Hyde Park, Later she was the Master's 
assistant in the Everett School of Boston, Dorchester District. 
She is the daughter of Aaron Emmelius and Abby Lovell 
(Wight) Everett, born in Boston and educated in the Dedham 
schools, securing a diploma for three years at the High School. 
In 1883, March 3, she was married to Frank Forrester Jaques, 
and went to reside in Chicago, but has since removed to 
Kansas City, Missouri. 

Edna Frances Calder began to teach in the Avery School 
in 1865 ; was transferred to the Ames in 1867 ; and became 
First Assistant in the High School in 1868, doing most accept- 



128 SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS. [Oct. 

able work there till 1871, when she was elected to the same 
position in the Roxbury High School. In 1882 she was trans- 
ferred to the West Roxbury High, and remained there till 1890. 
Then relinquishing her work to care for her aged parents, she 
has since resided in Dedham, and is at present Assistant 
Librarian of the Dedham Historical Society, and one of the 
editors of the Historical Register. She is a native of Dedham, 
the daughter of James and Anna Holmes (Baker) Calder; 
received a four years diploma at the High School ; also studied 
chemistry in the Institute of Technology, 1868-9. 

Mrs. Mary (Chisholm) Hutchins was a successful teacher 
in the Avery School from October, 1865, to April, 1870 : 
began to teach in the Quincy School in 1874, where she re- 
mained until her resignation in June, 1903. She is the daugh- 
ter of William and Isabel (Graham) Chisholm, of Dedham, and 
was married to George Henry Hutchins of Dedham, Dec. 27, 
1860 ; he died January 8, 1864. Mrs. Hutchins was educated 
in the public schools of Dedham and Lowell, Mass. 

Nancy C. M. Winship was mistress at the south district 
school, South Parish, two summers, 1866 and 1867. After- 
wards she taught in Randolph, 1868 ; South Weymouth, 1869 ; 
and in Medfield, 1870 and 1871. She was born in Canton, 
Oct. 6, 1844, the daughter of Silas M. and Julia A. Winship, 
and was educated in the grammar schools of Maine, and later 
in North Bridge water Academy, her special tastes being 
literary. She was married in Randolph, August 6, 1871, to 
Byron W. Loud, of South Weymouth, in which town she died 
March 10, 1893. 

William Henry Wescott entered on his duties as master 
of the Ames School in April, 1867, and with the exception of 
a part of 1870, continued in that position till 1873. He en- 
joyed his work, and the school was happy under his careful 
instruction. He is the son of Edward and Catherine Louisa 
Wescott, born in Boston, April 9, 1840, and was educated in 
Boston Schools and Phillips Exeter Academy. He received 



1903.] THE AMES BIABT. 129 

the degree of M. D. from the Harvard Medical School in 1874. 
He was an assistant surgeon in the U. S. Navy from 1862 to 
1865. In 1883 he was married in Boston to Josephine Hil- 
dreth Waters, and now practices his profession at 204 Adams 
Street, Dorchester District, Boston. 

(To be continued. ) 



EXTRACTS FROM THE AMES DIARY. 

By Edna Frances Calder. 

( Continued from page 100.) 

October. 
9. Comet visible every Ev'g. S. W. 

15. His Excellency paraded by troop to review at Wrentham. 

31. Nat. Bill in convalescence for [ ? ] came on trial to work a little 
& recover soon gets health & strength but unfaithful always contriving 
to get clear of work, at sundry places he was turned off for laziness & 
infidelity I told his Father at last he might have his choice to stay & be 
faithful or if not I should use club law with time, whip him, but not 
abuse him his Father approv'd of it. But on 26 inst finding him incor- 
rigible alway at Fuller's stable letting cows eat up my apples leaving 
husks & fodder out to be destroyed, I dismiss'd him 

November. 
5. Bonaparte retaliates on England now in the blockading way. 
declaring all English goods liable to confiscation wherever taken— and 
we being the only neutral our maritime Traders make terrible yell— but 
it will promote home manufactures at least! 

14. D r Cha § Jarvis died in Boston a loss to the Country & World! 

21. Wood said to be 11. cord in Boston! since 12 d and in N. York 

30. ! pr cord. 

26. Jas Luke Taylor asks 3, making & 1.12 1-2 for buttons silk &c. 
my Surtout. Pd 4.12 1-2 

30. pd Luke 4.12 1-2 making my Surtout ! 

December. 
7. Abel Alleyne died apoplec 
11. Emilia Baker died. 

13. Letter from Seaver on acqui'sion of J. Q. Adams to Repub in 
Senate. 

26. John Harris died 

27* Embargo laid by Congress! War expected. Clamor in seaports! 



130 QUERY. 

(Note) Read Belshum's Memoirs of the reign of George 3 d . His 
character of Wm. Pitt, son of the great Earl of Chatham is well drawn 
& concludes " A minister evidently destitute of the talents necessary for 
carrying on any war but the War of Words— a bullying,boasting,Bobadil 
statesman." These memoirs are now in 5 Volumes, carried to end of 
1796. I was much gratified in reading them however I might expect I 
knew or recollected most of their contents— But I was too conceited. 

(Note) 22 d June a British Capt. Humphries of the Leopard meeting 
the Chesapeke one of our frigates, off the Capes of Chesapeak bay 
attacks with repeated broadsides (as under June see) And not- 
witnstanding such repeated murder and insult a contemtible party for 
Britain often show out as much as they dare! even in Congress there is 
Pickering a Mass u Senator began with Hillhouse of Connecti'* in justi- 
fication of the British, but J. Q. Adams soon silenced them and appears 
completely converted to the American Republic as Seaver's Letter of 2 d 
Dec informs me and fully justified Jefferson's administration— to the 
confusion of the Federal or Hamiltonian Junto We may soon look for 
foaming & rage vomited from the Fed's now against J. Q. Adams. 

Banks of Mass ts 1* Jany 1807 

dols. 
Capital in Metals or Specie in all the Banks— 978.261 
in Bills of Mass* 3 2980 925 

in Bills of other Banks 164 865 
4.124051 
Upon this capital of 4.124.051 d 
the Banks have loaned or is due them 9412147 

5.288.096 do18 dormant Capt. drawing interest at 8 per cent as also the 
rest active Capt. 4.125.051 same int. gives 752971.76 an. int. 

If no Banks in operation the 978261 hard money at legal int. would 
be only 58695.76 

By the legerdemain of banking the actual specie in the vaults gives 
near 78 per cent 
Money profits! 

(To he continued.) 



Query. 
9. Smith. Wanted, the date of birth of Lieut. James Smith, who 
married Hannah Boyden, July 26, 1728 ; also the names of his 
parents. Where can his war records be found ? 

Mrs. A. M. Pickford, 

166 Washington Street, Lynn. 

Copies of " RALPH SHEPARD and some of his Descend- 
ants," by Mrs. Alice T. Brockway, 166 Washington Street, Lynn, 
Mass., four pages, price thirty cents, can be obtained by writing to 
the author. 

Correction: On page 90, fourth line, for " Woodstock" read Woodcock. 



INDEX. 



Abington, 25. 

Acton, 29, 30. 

Adams, 24, 46, 59, 73, 129. 

Alden, 56, 65, 73, 95, 103, 126. 

Alderman, 4, 82. 

Aldis Family, 18-24, 60-65, 85-94, 

119-121. 
Aldrich, 59. 
Aldridge, 12. 
Allen, 22, 24, 35, 92-94. 
Alleyne, 129. 
Allin, 20. 
Amidon, 46. 
Anawassanauk, 104. 
Andover, 38. 
Andrews, 101. 
Appleton, 105. 
Appleton Academy, 67, 84. 
Attleboro, 84. 
Austin, 35, 36. 
Avery, 30, 40. 

Babcock, 35, 80, 102. 

Bacon, 13, 17, 35, 57, 59, 64, 90, 122, 

123 
Badlam, 40. 
Baker, 9, 25, 35, 72, 80, 85, 87, 102, 

105, 128, 129. 
Baldwin, 122. 
Ball, 122. 
Bangor, 66. 84. 
Barber, 1, 87. 
Barnes, 6, 78, 82, 110. 
Barre, 30. 
Barrett, 69. 
Barrows, 25. 
Bartlett, 97. 
Barry, 42, 47. 
Bates, 84. 

Belcher, 41, 70, 87, 105. 
Bell (Revere), 44. 
Bellingham, 35, 39, 91, 93, 120. 
Beverly, 126. 
Bicknell, 101. 



Billings, 29, 33, 34, 70, 74, 87, 92, 93, 

101, 107, 118. 
Bingham, 73. 
Bird, 68, 127. 
Bisbee, 107. 
Bixby, 68. 
Blackington, 120. 
Blake, 22, 72, 120, 124. 
Blenker, 109. 
Blinn, 30. 
Blue Hill, Me., 41. 
Bodge, 21. 
Bond, 38. 
Boston, 7, 24, 27, 37, 47, 48, 58, 67, 72, 

84, 85, 92, 93, 105, 120, 126, 127, 129. 
Bourne, 31. 
Bowdoin, 94, 95. 
Boyden, 17. 
Brackett, 126. 
Bradshaw, 34, 102. 
Braintree, 39, 64, 104, 125. 
Breck, 72. 
Bridgewater, 4. 
Bridgewater Normal School, 24, 27, 

66. 
Briggs, 94, 123, 124. 
Brigham, Camp, 5, 9. 
Bristol, 64. 
Brockton, 128. 
Brockway, 27, 38. 
Brown, 107. 
Bryant, 26. 
Bugbee, 4, 109. 
Bulfinch, 44. 

Bullard, 14, 39, 69, 99, 122. 
Burr, 72, 120. 
Burroughs, 24. 
Bussey, 36. 
Butler, 124. 
Butterfield, 74. 

Calder, 35, 71, 99, 127-129. 
Cambridge, 19, 20, 27, 67. 
Canton, 39, 65-67, 72, 85, 93, 105-107. 



132 



INDEX. 



Capen, 33, 34, 67, 68, 87, 118, 127. 

Carroll, 5, 50, 73, 80, 81, 117. 

Chamberlain, 38. 

Chandler, 36-38, 102. 

Charlestown, 28. 

Chase, 119. 

Chelsea, 38, 107. 

Cheney, 57, 98. 

C nickering, 30, 35, 63, 74, 88. 

Childs, 107. 

Chisholm, 128. 

Chute, 40. 

Clap, 23, 32, 33, 105, 126. 

Clark, 33, 37, 59, 68-70, 74. 

Clarke, 11, 14, 36, 37, 55, 94, 99, 121. 

Cleveland, 10. 

Cobb, 86, 87. 

Colburn, 46. 

Coller, 16, 17, 57, 58. 

Collingwood, 7. 

Columbian Minerva, 48, 73. 

Comey, 26, 27. 

Concord, 27-29, 64, 65. 

Coney, 34, 68, 69, 101. 

Cook, 17, 31, 59, 92, 95-97, 126. 

Cooke, 86, 93. 

Cooper, 36. 

Copeland, 93. 

Court House, 42, 43, 44, 73, 74. 

Cox, 74. 

Cragin, 28. 

Crane, 39, 40, 106, 107, 125. 

Crehore, 47. 

Cristie, 26. 

Crofts, 66. 

Crooks, 120. 

Cummings, 100, 101. 

Curtis, 32, 67, 69, 100, 102, 118. 

Daggett, 58. 

Dana, 24. 

Danforth, 126. 

Daniell, 57, 74, 122, 123. 

Dartmouth College, 25, 26, 66, 67. 

Day, 57, 118, 124, 125. 

Dean, 90. 

DeCosta, 8. 

Dedham Public Library, 73. 

Dedham Village in 1795, 39-48. 

Dedham Village in 1817, 73. 

Deerfield, 25. 

Deming, 123. 

Deverix, 34. 

Dewing, 13, 17, 97. 

Dexter, 41. 

Dill, 28. 

Dix, 125. 

Doggett, 35, 42, 43, 45, 73, 99. 

Dorchester, 25, 93, 125-127, 130. 



Dover, 18, 57, 95. 

Drake, 33, 34, 69, 70, 87, 100. 101, 

108, 118. 
Draper, 20, 62, 63, 74, 87-89, 92-94, 

102. 
Drury, 121, 123. 
Duane, 35, 71. 
Duxbury, 4. 
Dwight, 20, 57. 

Easton, 106. 

Eaton, 29, 106. 

Edes, 16. 

Eliot, 60. 

Ellis, 17, 18, 37, 47, 65, 66, 74, 100, 107. 

Ely, 85. 

Endicott, 40, 66, 106-108. 

Ensign, 28. 

Estabrook, 119. 

Estey, 32-34, 69, 85, 100. 

Evens, 124. 

Everett, 34, 80, 87, 101, 127. 

Ewel, 31. 

Fairbanks, 36, 70, 87, 118, 119. 

Fales, 25. 35, 101, 102, 118. 

Farley, 93. 

Farrington, 105. 

Farnsworth, 61, 64, 104. 

Farrington, 74. 

Faxon, 126. 

Felch, 95. 

Feltt, 98. 

Fessenden, 25, 31, 38. 

Field, 126. 

Finn, 73. 

First Church, 40, 41, 42, 73. 

First Parish, 42. 

Fisher, 2, 12, 23, 24, 32, 34-36, 40, 41, 

44, 55, 56-59, 63, 70, 73, 74, 87, 88, 

95-99, 121-124. 
Fitchburg, 84. 
Flagg, 30. 
Follett, 79, 80, 110. 
Foord, 46, 73, 74. 
Forrest, 4. 
Foster, 125. 
Fox, 35. 

Foxboro, 26, 27, 67. 
Francestown, N. if., 36, 84. 
Franklin, 88, 89, 91, 119, 120. 
Fremont, 115. 
French, 33, 34, 67, 68. 
Fuller, 12, 16-18, 56, 59, 72-74, 94-98, 

121, 123. 

Galucia, 5. 

Gannett, 33, 34, 87, 101. 

Gates, 24. 



INDEX. 



133 



Gawthorpe, 42, 47. 
Gay, 35, 36, 38, 60, 69, 74, 87, 102. 
Gay Tavern, 42, 46, 73. 
Gerould, 25. 
Gerrish, 73, 74. 
Gibson, 64. 
Gilbert, 33, 101. 
Giles, 18. 
Gilson, 64. 
Glover, 69, 101. 
Goble, 28. 
Goddard, 96. 
Godfrey, 121. 
Goldberry, 91. 
Goodenow, 15, 123. 
Gookin, 92, 93. 
Gore, 35. 

Gould, 69, 70, 73, 74. 
Goulding, 30. 
Grafton, 30. 
Gragg, 65. 
Graham, 128. 
Green, 24. 

Greenwood, 57, 73, 74. 
Groton, 43, 61, 64. 
Guild. 1, 2, 39, 40, 48, 49, 72-75, 83, 
85, 87, 102, 108. 

Hackwell, 27. 

Hall, 122, 124. 

Hancock, 34. 

Hanover, 4. 

Hanson, 84. 

Harding, 66. 

Harlow, 32, 33, 118. 

Harris, 72, 129. 

Hartwell, 65. 

Harvard College, 14, 40, 56, 59, 61, 

95, 96, 97, 121, 123, 124, 129. 
Hasey, 97. 
Hastings, 31. 

Haven, 35, 41, 42, 73, 74, 122. 
Hawes, 91. 
Hayes, 6, 83. 
Haynes, 36, 37, 38. 
Hayward, 84. 
Healey, 94. 
Heath, 39. 
Heaton, 48. 
Hemenway, 4. 

Hewins, 32, 34, 68, 69, 87, 101, 102. 
Hight, 86. 
Hill, 19, 31, 43, 47. 
Hingham, 7. 
Hixon, 87. 
Hixson, 68. 
Hobart, 61. 
Hodgdon, 42, 47. 



Hodges, 8, 33, 34. 74. 87, 100. 

Holbrook, 8, 105. 

Holden, 29, 30, 38, 40. 

Holmes, 32, 33, 68-70, 100, 101, 118. 

Hood, 18. 

Hooper, 73. 

Hopkinton, 56. 

Hopkinton Academy, 67. 

Horton, 57. 

Hosmer, 29. 

Houlton, 23. 

How, 57. 

Howard, 26. 

Howe, 35, 46, 73. 

Hubbard, 61, 69. 

Humphrey, 46, 73, 106. 

Humphreys, 99, 127, 130. 

Huntting, 16, 56, 58, 63, 96, 97, 122. 

Hutchins, 128. 

Hyde, 93. 

Hyde Park, 6, 85, 127. 

Ide, 100, 118. 
In grab am, 6, 83. 
Ipswich, 67, 84. 
Ivers, 40. 

Jackson, 31, 38, 92. 

Jail, 42, 46, 73, 74. 

Jaques, 127. 

Jarvis, 129. 

Jewell, 28. 

John, Indian, 108. 

Johnson, 29, 67, 70, 101, 102, 110, 118. 

Jones, 42, 70, 93, 97, 98, 101. 

Kenney, 84. 

Kerrigan, 110. 

Kimball, 67, 84. 

Kingsbury, 17, 18, 25, 34, 37, 56-59, 

87, 95-97, 122-124. 
Kingston, 26. 
Knapp, 95. 
Kolhoif, 101. 

Leadbetter, 126. 
Lealand, 66. 
Leonard, 87. 
Leverett, 124. 
Lewis, 38, 67, 107. 
Lexington, 59. 
Littlefleld, 15, 16, 17, 95. 
Livermore, 31. 
Locke, 25. 

Lothrop, 34, 101, 118. 
Loud, 128. 
Lovell, 47. 
Lowell, 107, 128. 



134 



INDEX. 



Luke, 129. 
Lyon, 38, 93. 

McCarthy, 29. 

McFarlin, 8. 

Mcintosh, 74. 

Mackentier, 95. 

McKinley, 66. 

Madden, 80. 

Madey, 47. 

Maiden, 27, 28, 96. 

Manly, 118. 

Mann, 13, 32, 37, 55, 63, 67, 73, 74,88, 

89, 100, 118, 121, 122. 
Marlboro, 25. 
Marsh, 73, 74 
Marsh field, 24. 
Martin, 80, 90. 

Martindale, 53, 75, 80, 82, 110. 
Mason, 102. 
Mattoonas, 103, 108. 
Maynard, 31, 45, 74. 
Mayo, 22. 92, 93, 94. 
Medfield, 66, 128. 
Medford, 38. 
Melrose, 85. 
Mendon. 120. 

Mendon Massacre, 103-108. 
Merriam, 25. 
Metcalf", 39. 40, 58, 63, 72, 89, 119, 

120, 124,125. 
Middleboro, 4. 
Miles, 79, 93. 
Miller, 42, 46. 
Mills, 12, 58, 122. 
Milton, 28, 44, 85, 105, 125, 126. 
Montague, 73, 74. 
Morey, 37. 
Morrell, 102. 
Morrill, 74. 

Morse, 32-34, 67-70, 83, 87, 93, 101. 
Morton, 35. 
Mudge, 122. 
Mumford, 48. 
Munroe, 44, 107. 

Nansconet, 104. 

Nashoba, 28. 

Natick, H)4, 121. 

Natick Brook, 57. 

Needham, 11-18, 37, 38, 55-60, 91, 

94-98, 121-125. 
Newell, 55, 58, 59, 73, 74, 91, 94, 95, 

97, 122, 124, 125. 
Newton, 56, 58, 67, 94-97. 
Norfolk Agr. Soc. 2-5. 
Norfolk County, 39, 73. 
Northborough, 124. 



Northbridge, 93. 

North Easton, 85. 

Northfield, 92. 

Norton, 25. 

Norwood, 4, 25, 27, 65, 67, 80. 

Noyes, 73, 74, 95. 

Nye, 25. 

Oakham, 29. 

Oak man, 24. 

Ockinton, 15, 59. 

Oldtown, 66. 

Dliver, 23. 

Onion, 2, 5, 38, 64, 80, 90. 

Orgill, 14. 

Otis, 35. 

Owen, 107, 126. 

Paige, 19. 

Paine, 63, 64, 66. 

Palmer, 8. 

Parker, 14, 15, 16, 57, 59, 94, 97, 98. 

Parsons, 71. 

Partridge, 38. 

Pease, 26. 

Pecker, 38. 

Penniman, 39, 40. 

Pepper, 14. 

Perry, 62, 65. 

Philbrook, 28. 

Phillips, 30, 91. 

Phillips Exeter Academy, 85, 128. 

Phips, 125. 

Pickering, 48. 

Pickford, 27, 30, 31, 36, 38, 102, 125. 

Pidge, 72. 

Pierce, 30. 

Pierce Academy, 27. 

Pitt, 130. 

Plimpton, 68. 

Plymouth, 4. 

Polley's Tavern, 73. 

Pond, 36, 39, 91. 

Porter, 75, 108. 

Post Office, 47, 48. 

Post Road, 47. 

Powers, 28. 

Pratt, 14, 15, 17, 38, 58, 124. 

Prentice, 92, 93, 94. 

Prescott, 26, 64. 

Providence, R. L, 48, 49. 

Provincetown, 26, 27. 

Puffer, 104. 105-108. 

Punch Bowl Tavern, 74. 

Pynchon, 14. 

Quashaamait, 104. 
Quincy, 126. 



INDEX. 



135 



Randall, 33, 87, 106. 

Randolph, 128. 

Raynolds, 32. 

Readville, 5, 6, 40, 48, 66, 75. 

Readville Hospital, 1. 

Rebellion, 18th Mass. 2-11, 48-55, 

75-83, 108-117. 
Reed, 119. 
Revere, 44. 
Rhoads, 33. 
Rhoades, 70. 
Rich, 27. 
Richards, 32, 33-35, 47, 53, 61, 63, 65, 

68-70, 72-74. 87, 94, 99, 100-102, 118. 
Richardson, 47. 
Roberts, 79. 
Robinson, 67. 
Rockwood, 89. 
Roxbury, 60, 61, 62, 65, 72, 85, 87-89, 

91-93, 119, 128. 
Ruby, 7. 
Rutland, 40. 

Saint Paul's Church, 40, 42, 45, 46, 

73, 74. 
Salem, 44. 

Savells, 34, 68, 101, 119. 
Savage, 60, 64, 87, 101. 
Sawtell, 64. 

School House, First, 43, 74. 
Schools and Teachers, 24-27, 65-67. 

83-85, 127-129. 
Scituate, 24, 28. 
Seaver, 36, 71. 129. 
Selfridge, 35, 36, 71, 99. 
Sharon, 24, 32, 67, 85, 86, 87, 100, 106, 

118, 127. 
Shattuck, 31. 
Shaw, 35, 97. 
Shedd, 64. 

Shepard, 16, 27-31, 106. 
Shepardson, 80. 
Shephard, 95. 
Sherwin, 79. 
iShorey, 84. 85. 
Shrewsbury, 31. 

Shuttleworth, 3, 16, 48, 73, 74, 123. 
Sill, 28. 
Sisk, 35. 
Skinner, 58, 122. 
Slafter, 24, 65, 83, 127. 
Smedley, 28, 29. 
Smith, 8, 12, 13, 15, 17, 24, 31, 32, 34, 

56, 59, 68-70, 73, 74, 97, 100, 118, 

122, 123. 
Snow, 66. 
Southgate, 45. 
Spaulding, 8. 



Spencer, 31. 
Springfield, 24. 
Spurr, 107. 
Stages, 48. 
Stanley, 84, 89. 
Stedman, 65. 
Stimpson. 96. 97. 
Stimson, 45, 74, 74. 
Stone, 68, 87. 96. 
Stoughton, 85, 90, 105, 106. 
Stow. 25, 124. 
Stowel, 71. 
Strobridge, 87. 
Strong, 35, 72. 
Sturbridge, 125. 
Sturdy, 4. 
Sudbury, 28, 29, 30. 
Suffolk Convention, 44, 45. 
Suffolk County, 39. 
Sullivan, 35. 72. 
Sumner, 67, 118. 
Sutton. 93. 
Swan, 126. 
Swift, 58, 69, 87. 

Tamling, 12. 

Taunton, 4, 26, 86. 

Tappan, 86. 

Temperence Hall, 44. 

Temple, N. JET., 67, 84. 

Tenny, 67, 84. 

Thatcher, 125. 

Thayer, 39, 74. 

Thomas, 7, 117. 

Thurston, 16, 59. 

Tilden, 106. 

Tisdale, 32, 66, 101, 106. 

Tolman, 31, 32, 34, 101, 106, 118, 125- 

127. 
Tooke, 35. 
Totman, 63. 

Townsend, 47, 56, 72, 73, 74, 94. 
Townsend, Mass., 84. 
Tucker, 7, 102. 
Tyler, 72. 

Underwood, 121. 
Upanboquin, 104. 

Very, 18. 

Vialas, 15, 55, 56, 123. 

Virgin, 46. 

Vose, 44, 102, 105, 126. 

Waite, 105. 
Wakefield, 42, 47, 73. 
Walpole, 24, 25, 37, 38, 6Q, 85. 
Waltham, 5, 125. 



136 



INDEX. 



Ward, 59, 122. 

Ware, 13, 88, 89, 120. 

Warren, 24, 44. 

Waters, 10, 70, 129. 

Watertown, 38. 

Weatherbee, 106. 

Welch, 70. 

Weld, 8. 

Wellesley, 13, 14, 16, 37, 56-58, 97, 

123 
Wentworth, 105. 
Westcott, 128. 

Weston, 7, 24, 92, 94, 95, 95, 122. 
West Roxbury, 128. 
Westwood, 66, 83-85, 106. 
Weymouth, 27, 28, 104, 128. 
Wheaton, 59, 60, 74, 96. 
Wheaton Female Seminary, 25, 67. 
Wheeler. 28, 29, 63, 95. 
Wheelock, 72. 
Whipping Post, 46. 
White, 7, 70, 118. 
Whitin, 18, 60, 87, 102, 119. 
Whiting, 20, 36, 87, 89, 93, 94, 99,102. 
Whittemore, 58, 68, 69, 96. 



Wight, 13, 121, 127. 

Wiflard. 96. 

Willis, 68. 

Wilson, 13, 79, 119, 123. 

Winchester, 62. 

Winship, 128. 

Wiswell, 24. 

Withers, 74. 

Withington, 85, 87, 125. 

Wolfborough, N. H., 26. 

Wood, 13, 32, 102, 121. 

Woodcock, 12, 13, 18, 59, 90, 96. 

Woods, 22. 

Woodward, 15, 44, 57, 59. 60, 97, 124. 

Woodward Tavern, 39, 42, 44, 45, 74. 

Worcester, 29-31, 66, 84. 

Worthington, 39, 44, 73, 74. 

Wrenn, 43. 

Wrentham, 4, 5, 47, 55, 62, 63, 72, 88, 

91, 119-121, 129. 
Wright, 119. 

Yale College, 12. 
Yarmouth, Me., 84. 
York, Me. , 36. 



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